Presentation on theme: "Муниципальное образовательное учреждение гимназия 56 Учитель английского языка Несына Елена Владимировна."— Presentation transcript:
Муниципальное образовательное учреждение гимназия 56 Учитель английского языка Несына Елена Владимировна
Цель урока Ознакомить обучающихся с составляющими элементами коммуникации Задачи урока Образовательная: формировать умение применять знание о составляющих элементах общения невербальной коммуникациии. Развивающая: развивать аналитические способности ума. Воспитывающая: воспитывать познавательное отношение к культуре, традициям и обычаем народов других стран, толерантность к проявлением иноязычной культуры, самостоятельность.
It’s Interesting to know 1.Components of nonverbal communication 1.1.Gesture and poses 1.2. Eye contact 1.3. Touch 1.4.Tone of voice 1.5.Appearance 1.6. Use of time 1.7. Mimics 1.8. Territory
It’s Interesting to know 2. Nonverbal Communication in Japan 2.1. Showing respect to objects 2.2. Gestures 2.3. Touching 2.4. Facial expression
language traditions body language What to say and when to say
Nonverbal Communication 93% nonverbal 55% facial expression, posture, gesture 38% tone of voice
Three elements of communication
Components of nonverbal communication NVC tone of voice eye contact appearance clothing use of time territory Gesture and poses mimics touch
Leaders use more shoulder and arm gestures. In a group setting, people may adapt similar poses to those in the group that they agree with. People of higher status take a more relaxed body posture. Open body and arm position, relaxed posture increases liking. People who attempt to persuade others often use these immediacy contacts. Gestures and poses
Rate-speed-When a speaker uses a faster rate they may be seen as more competent Volume-How loudly we speak. Loud people look aggressive. Soft stolen voices sound polite. Tone of voice
When people sit in a circle, they are more likely to talk to those across the room from them than those side to side. At a table, those who sit on the ends talk more and those who sit on the corners less. At a table, those with the most opportunity for eye contact is likely to become leader.In a conversation, the speaker should look at his/her interlocutor 65 % of the time. Direct on –to –one eye contact should last one and a half seconds. In our culture it is OK to stare at animals; rude to stare at people. Making eye contact with someone makes interaction and obligation. Eye Contact
Touch Mothers touch their sons more than sons touch their mothers. Fathers touch their daughters more than they touch their sons. The number of times people touch each other depends on where and where they were born. During one-hour conversation between two people in a bar in Puerto Rico the number of touches was 180, in Paris - 110, in London - 0!)
Attractive people find jobs easier and obtain higher starting salaries. Attractive individuals are thought to be more credible. Attractive individuals are perceived as happier, more popular, more sociable, and more successful. Appearance
Use of time Often connected with status. The higher status - the more control we have over our time. e.g.You wait for the doctor. Various cultures use time differently.
You have 80 muscles in your face that can create more than 7,000 facial expressions. There six main types of facial expressions found in all cultures: Happiness- round eyes, smiles, raised cheeks. Disgust-wrinkled nose, lowered eyelids and eyebrow, raised upper lip. Fear- around eyes, open mouth. Angry- lower eyebrow and stare intensely Mimics
Territory People in Britain stand about 0.5 m away from a person in an intimate context, 0.5 – 1.5 m (family, friends), 3-4 m (others).
Match Pictures and Statements a b c d e 2. Good Luck! 1. Are you crazy? 4. I don’t know. 5. I can’t hear you! 5.5Come here!5.5Come here! 3. Come here!
Match Pictures and Statements f g h 6. I like it very much! 7. OK ! 8. I’m happy to see you again!
Nonverbal Communication in Japan silence facial expression touching showing respect to objects gestures
Business cards are not folded, written on, or fiddled with. A guest's coat is not thrown over a chair but instead hung up carefully. At a traditional Japanese restaurant or home, the guest's shoes are placed together and turned around so that the guest can easily put his or her shoes back on when leaving. Furniture is used properly; you do not lean on a desk or sit on a table. SHOWING RESPECT TO OBJECTS
Here are some signs of communication between the Japanese. "Me“- pointing to one's nose or touching the nose. "Listening“ - nodding one's head up and down. This should not be mistaken with a "yes" gesture. It means that one is listening, not necessarily agreeing. "Negative“ - to nod "no" with the hand or fan. "Money" - similar to what is sometimes used in the West to mean "OK". GESTURES
In the beginning, it is best to refrain from forms of physical contact such as a pat on the back or a hug. The Japanese do not show signs of affection or emotions in public. Young couples may be seen holding hands, but it is embarrassing to see spouses kiss in public. TOUCHING
It is considered rude to express your emotions in public. The "Poker Face" is used to cover up negative emotions. The Smile can often be an expression that conceals embarrassment, pain, or anguish. Eye contact is often a Western signal for confidence or sincerity. In many cases, the Japanese consider direct and constant eye contact a rude gesture The Japanese may look down to show respect to another. Facial Expression