Presentation on theme: "What is the difference between an adjective and an adverb? Quite simply, an adjective describes a noun. It tells us how someone or something is. An adverb."— Presentation transcript:
What is the difference between an adjective and an adverb? Quite simply, an adjective describes a noun. It tells us how someone or something is. An adverb describes a verb. It tells us how, where, when or how often something happens. e.g. He/She drives carelessly. How does he/she drive? Carelessly.) A big houseA fat man
Adjectives go before the noun. (A beautiful girl). They can also be used alone after the verb “to be” and some other verbs. (John is short, they are happy, you look tired ) etc. There are two kinds of adjective: opinion adjectives (beautiful, luxurious) which show what you think about somebody or something, and fact adjectives which give factual information about age, size, colour, material etc. Opinion adjectives always go before a fact adjective. eg. A luxurious old English Bentey-
Order of adjectives. Remember - opinion adjectives go before fact adjectives e.g. a beautiful bronze statue. When we have two or more fact adjectives in a sentence we usually put them in the following order. In normal situations we would only use two or three fact adjectives at the most (a beautiful round wooden table) SizeAgeShapeColouroriginMaterial Noun largeoldroundbrownFrenchwoodentable Opinion A beautiful
Adverbs can be one word (dangerously) or a phrase (in the bank) and they show: Adverbs usually go after the verb. (He runs quickly). Adverbs of frequency go after auxilliary verbs and the verb “to be”, but before the principal verb e.g. MannerHow? PlaceWhere? TimeWhen? FrequencyHow Often? He drives dangerously. (How?) His car is here. (Where?) She flew to Madrid yesterday. (When?) They always eat out. (How often?) She is always late for work. He has never been to London They usually come to work by train.
Formation of Adverbs. We usually form an adverb by adding “ly” to the adjective e.g. careful – carefully, but some are irregular and do not follow this rule. AdjectiveAdverb goodwell fast hard early late Adverbs 2
Adjectives of:PositiveComparativeSuperlative one syllableshortshorter thanthe shortest of/in two syllables ending in es,ly,y,w happy ugly happier than uglier than the happiest the ugliest two or more syllables modern expensive more modern more expensive the most modern the most expensive John is short. Peter is shorter than John. Mark is the shortest in the class. Mark is the shortest of all. This hotel is expensive. That hotel is more expensive. Our hotel is the most expensive of all
Adverbs with the same form as adjectives fastfasterthe fastest two syllable adverbs ending in -lyearlyearlierthe earliest two syllables or compound adverbs – adjective + ly often clearly more often more clearly the most often the most clearly Irregular Forms PositiveComparativeSuperlative good/wellbetter thanthe best bad/badlyworse thanthe worst muchmore thanthe most many/a lot ofmore thanthe most littleless thanthe least farfurther/farther thanthe furthest/farthest