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 Activity One: What do people need? Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs  Activity Two:  Matching Games Matching Games BACK.

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Presentation on theme: " Activity One: What do people need? Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs  Activity Two:  Matching Games Matching Games BACK."— Presentation transcript:

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3  Activity One: What do people need? Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs  Activity Two:  Matching Games Matching Games BACK

4 What do people need?  Abraham Maslow is known for establishing the theory of a hierarchy of needs.  The theory says –that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs, –that certain lower needs need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied.

5 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Body needsSecurity needsSocial needsEgo needsSelf-Actualization

6 Physiological Needs (Body Needs)  Physiological needs are the very basic needs Examples air foodswater

7 Lack of Physiological Needs  When we are not satisfied, we may feel sickness, irritation, pain, discomfort, etc.

8 Safety Needs (Security Needs)  When we have the security of a home and family, we feel love and belongingness. Example If a family is dysfunction, i.e., an abusive husband, the wife cannot move to the next level because she is constantly concerned for her safety.

9 Safety Needs  Safety needs sometimes motivate people to be religious. Religions comfort us with the promise of a safe secure place after we die and leave the insecurity of this world.

10 Love Needs (Social Needs)  Love and belongingness are next on the ladder. It is natural that Humans have a desire to belong to groups: clubs, work groups, religious groups, family, gangs, etc. Example

11 Why we need love?  We need –to feel loved (non-sexual), –to be accepted by others, –to be needed. I feel needed. I feel loved. We need each other!

12 Esteem Needs (Ego Needs)  There are two types of esteem needs. –The first one is self-esteem which results from competence or mastery of a task. –Second, there’s the attention and recognition that comes from others. They are terrific!! They are fantastic!!

13 Esteem Needs—Example  People who have all of their lower needs satisfied, often drive very expensive cars. By doing so, their level of esteem raises. “Hey, look what I can afford - a BMW!” Body Needs? Safety Needs? Love Needs? Yes, I’ve got them all. Now I need a fancy car to raise my self- esteem.

14 Self-Actualization  The need for self-actualization is the desire –to become more and more what one is, –to become everything that one is capable of becoming.

15 Self-Actualization  People who have everything can maximize their potential.  They can seek knowledge, peace, esthetic experiences, self-fulfillment, oneness with God, etc.

16 A Review Test  Now try to find out the answers in the following slides according to the theory you just learned.

17 Self-actualization  Poets, artists, and research scientists are sometimes motivated by __________ needs as were folks like Mother Theresa.

18  Driven by __________ needs, People have desires for a home in a safe neighborhood, a good retirement plan and a bit of insurance. Safety or Security

19  We need to rest, to sleep, and to get rid of wastes. Once we’ve done these, our __________ needs are satisfied. Body or Physiological

20  Because of __________ needs, we feel the need for friends, affectionate relationships in general, even a sense of community. Love or Social or Belonging

21  The needs for status, fame, glory, attention, confidence, and competence belong to __________ needs. Those are needs for respect of others and self-respect. Ego or Esteem

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23 “Ask not what your country can do for you— ask what you can do for your country.” Listen to John F. Kennedy’s speech (14:32)John F. Kennedy’s speech Website: “Ask not what your country can do for you— ask what you can do for your country.” Listen to John F. Kennedy’s speech (14:32) Website:

24 Instructions-1  In our daily life, there are situations which need your help.  What you can help depends on what the situation is.  Match the situations with the help you can offer.  Use this matching game to test how good your memory is.

25 Instruction-2  There are 9 cards –4 number cards: the situations –5 alphabet cards: the help  Pick a number card first, and guess which alphabet card carries the suitable help.  Whenever your team get a matched pair: a number card with the corresponding alphabet card, you can get 10 points.  If not, it’s other teams’ turn.

26 answers Pick a number card first.

27 It is 10 pm. You are on you way home after cram school. In front of a convenient store, you see a little girl crying loudly alone. What can you do to help her?

28 You are waiting for a bus at a stop. Near you stands a blind man, who is apparently waiting for a bus, too. He looks puzzled and nervous. What can you do to help him?

29 On a crowded bus, all the passengers are delayed because an old lady just realizes that she forgot to bring her Easy Card nor her purse to pay for the bus fare. The driver is out of patience and the situation is embarrassing. What you can do to help her?

30 The other day, your class went visiting a nursing home in your neighborhood. Old people over there were so happy to see you. They remind you of your own grandparents. You want to do something for them. What can you do?

31 Go back to the cards  The elderly in the nursing home are usually lonely. They are happier if they know they are still loved and needed. You can visit them regularly, say every Saturday afternoon, to read them newspapers or just be there to keep them company. Ask them for help when you are in trouble. They would be glad to pass their wisdom down.

32  Many people might be too shy to offer help. However, here is what you can do: Just pluck your courage and approach him. Ask him politely what bus he is waiting for. Don’t feel discouraged or embarrassed if he should refuse your favor. Most probably, he would accept it and appreciate your kindness. Go back to the cards

33 This sounds familiar, right? It might have happened to you, and probably you still remember how embarrassed you were at that time. So All you can do is to save the old lady from the situation is pay the fare for her. Go back to the cards

34  There are a couple of things you can do: –Ask the girl if she remembers her parents’ phone numbers and call them. –Take her to the nearest police station.  If you have time, you can stay with her until her parents come and claim her. Go back to the cards

35  The elderly in the nursing home are usually lonely. They are happier if they know they are still loved and needed. You can visit them regularly, say every Saturday afternoon, to read them newspapers or just be there to keep them company. Ask them for help when you are in trouble. They would be glad to pass their wisdom down. Go back to the cards

36  Many people might be too shy to offer help. However, here is what you can do: Just pluck your courage and approach him. Ask him politely what bus he is waiting for. Don’t feel discouraged or embarrassed if he should refuse your favor. Most probably, he would accept it and appreciate your kindness. Go back to the cards

37 Many people hesitate because they feel either shy or embarrassed to offer help in public. They comfort themselves by thinking that if they don’t help, others would do it. So, the best thing you can do for her is leave this person alone. Besides, you have your own business to take care of. Go back to the cards

38 This sounds familiar, right? It might have happened to you, and probably you still remember how embarrassed you were at that time. So All you can do to save the old lady from the situation is pay the fare for her. Go back to the cards

39  There are a couple of things you can do: –Ask the girl if she remembers her parents’ phone numbers and call them. –Take her to the nearest police station.  If you have time, you can stay with her until her parents come and claim her. Go back to the cards

40 Click to see the answers

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