Presentation on theme: "Anorexia nervosa Denisenko Tatiana Class 10 a Gatchina school № 4."— Presentation transcript:
Anorexia nervosa Denisenko Tatiana Class 10 a Gatchina school № 4
Contents: What is anorexia nervosa? What are its signs and symptoms? Who suffers from anorexia nervosa most? What causes anorexia? How is anorexia nervosa treated? Sources.
What is anorexia nervosa? It is an eating disorder characterized by immoderate food restriction and irrational fear of gaining weight, as well as a distorted body self-perception.
Signs and symptoms: fear of gaining weight and dramatic weight loss, hair loss preoccupation with food, recipes, or cooking, dieting refusal to eat, food rituals, denial of hunger absent or irregular periods constant exercising intolerance to cold, hypothermia depression, solitude, fatigue
Risk group. Anorexia nervosa most often has its onset in adolescence. However, more recent studies show the onset age has decreased from an average of 13 to 17 years of age to 9 to 12. While it can affect men and women of any age, race, and socioeconomic and cultural background, anorexia nervosa occurs in 10 times more females than males.
Causes. Doctors do not know what exactly causes anorexia. Sociocultural studies, however, have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal female form, particularly through the media.
Psychological factors. People who have anorexia may believe they would be happier and more successful if they were thin. They want everything in their lives to be impeccable. People with this disorder are usually good students, who are involved in many school and community activities. They blame themselves if they don't get perfect grades, or if other things in life are not perfect.
Treatment. Treatment tries to address three main areas: restoring the person to a healthy weight treating the psychological disorders related to the illness reducing or eliminating behaviours or thoughts that originally led to the disordered eating If anorexia is not treated, serious complications can eventually lead to death.