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UNIT 2- Achieving Mental & Emotional Health Chapter 3 Everyone has setbacks and disappointments How do you handle it? Are your coping strategies healthful.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 2- Achieving Mental & Emotional Health Chapter 3 Everyone has setbacks and disappointments How do you handle it? Are your coping strategies healthful."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 2- Achieving Mental & Emotional Health Chapter 3 Everyone has setbacks and disappointments How do you handle it? Are your coping strategies healthful and positive? What could you have done differently?

2 What is M-E-N-T-A-L Health? M –mind, messenger, manage E - emotions, express, energy N - neurotic, nervous, normal/not normal T - thinking, telepathic, thoughts A - attitude, adjusted, anxious L - level-headed, life *Mental (6)…① of or related to the mind; ②carried out or taken place in the mind brainy, cerebral, clairvoyant, deep, heavy, ideological, imaginative, immaterial, inner, intellective, intellectual, mysterious, phrenic, psychic, psychical, psychological, rational, reasoning, spiritual, subconscious, subjective, subliminal, telepathic, thinking, thoughtful, unrealcerebral clairvoyantdeepheavyimaginativeinnerintellectual mysterious psychic psychologicalrational reasoningspiritual subconscioussubjective thinkingthoughtful unreal brai ny, cere bral, clair voya nt, dee p, heav y, ideol ogic al, imag inati ve, imm ateri al, inne r, intel lecti ve, intel lectu al, myst erio us, phre nic, psyc hic, psyc hical, psyc holo gical, ratio nal, reas onin g, spiri tual, subc onsc ious, subj ectiv e, subli min al, tele path ic, thin king, thou ghtf ul, unre al cere bral clair voya nt dee p heav y imag inati ve inne r intel lectu al myst erio us psyc hic psyc holo gical ratio nal reas onin g spiri tual subc onsc ious subj ectiv e thin king thou ghtf ul unre al Anto nym s: body body, phys ical phys ical

3 Lesson 1: Developing Your Self- Esteem Good Mental & Emotional Health helps you function effectively each day Mental/emotional health (5)- the ability to accept yourself and others, express and manage your emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in life


5 What is Mental & Emotional Health Importance You function better; happier, enjoy life Increases confidence Comfortable spending time alone or with others More flexible…not so ridged Increases social and physical health Characteristics Sense of belonging Sense of purpose Positive Outlook Self –sufficiency Healthy Self-Esteem

6 Benefits from a Healthy Mental State: Ch. 3-Lesson 1 Vocab Competence (1)- having enough skills to do something Resilient (2)- they have the ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis Self actualization (3)- striving to be the best you can be Self-Esteem (4)- how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself…take healthful risks(try new things and succeed) …self esteem affects attitude which in turn affects confidence, being willing to take more challenges…therefore increasing

7 Self-esteem develops from feeling valued, loved, and accepted by others When does this development begin? Who influences it? Benefits of a Healthy Self-Esteem Feel good about yourself…no matter what Take pride in your accomplishments, skills, and abilities Steps to improve Self-Esteem Choose friends that value/respect youTry new things/discover new talents Focus on PositivesWrite down goals Don’t use negative self-talkExercise, eat, sleep right-ENERGY Work toward accomplishments, not perfection Volunteer your time to help others Mistakes are learning opportunitiesAccept what you can’t change, focus on what you can

8 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs- (7) A ranked list of those needs essential to human growth and development You should satisfy your needs from the bottom of the pyramid to the top 1. Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc. 2. Safety needs - protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc. 3. Belongingness and Love needs - work group, family, affection, relationships, etc. 4. Esteem needs - self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc. 5. Self-Actualization needs - realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences. Maslow and UpMaslow and Up Psychologist Abraham Maslow (1943, 1954) stated that human motivation is based on people seeking fulfillment and change through personal growth

9 Maslow (1968): Some of the characteristics of self- actualized people Characteristics of self-actualizers. : 1. They perceive reality efficiently and can tolerate uncertainty; 2. Accept themselves and others for what they are; 3. Spontaneous in thought and action; 4. Problem-centered (not self-centered); 5. Unusual sense of humor; 6. Able to look at life objectively; 7. Highly creative; 8. Resistant to enculturation, but not purposely unconventional; 9. Concerned for the welfare of humanity; 10. Capable of deep appreciation of basic life-experience; 11. Establish deep satisfying interpersonal relationships with a few people; 12. Peak experiences; 13. Need for privacy; 14. Democratic attitudes; 15. Strong moral/ethical standards. Behavior leading to self-actualization : (a) Experiencing life like a child, with full absorption and concentration; (b) Trying new things instead of sticking to safe paths; (c) Listening to your own feelings in evaluating experiences instead of the voice of tradition, authority or the majority; (d) Avoiding pretense ('game playing') and being honest; (e) Being prepared to be unpopular if your views do not coincide with those of the majority; (f) Taking responsibility and working hard; (g) Trying to identify your defenses and having the courage to give them up. bedded&v=yM8SwZkvCIY#t=0s

10 Self Esteem Activity ~applying knowledge~ HS 6 -Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and non-print text. Read the journal entry written by a teen. On a sheet of paper, identify the statements that reflect poor mental and emotional health and rewrite the statements so they reflect good mental emotional health. a.Write the complete negative statement b.Under it, rewrite the statement to be more positive

11 Lesson 2: Developing Personal Identity and Character Healthy Identity is based on being a person of good Character What is Character? Personal Identity-describes who you are and your sense of yourself as a unique individual It is one of the most important tasks you will accomplish during your teen years

12 How Identity Forms Influences on Personal Identity Likes and Dislikes Relationships (Friends/Family) Experiences Opinions Values (*ideals and beliefs) Interests Occupational Goals

13 Other influences on identity are Role Models–someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for you Parts of Your Identity Personality- a complex set of characteristics that makes you unique *It sets you apart from others and determines how you will react in certain situations Group Affiliations(other relationships)- family, friends, ethnic group also define who you are

14 Importance of Good Character Character- the distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves An outward expression of your inner values Important part of your healthy identity Core Ethical Values/Traits Citizenship Respect Caring Fairness TrustworthinessResponsibility Caring

15 WHAT IS CHARACTER? Our Character Is Who and What We Really Are Abraham Lincoln said, “Reputation is the shadow. Character is the tree.” Our CHARACTER is not just what we try to display for others to see, It is who we are even when no one is watching. Good character is doing the right thing because it is right to do what is right.

16 Trustworthiness – honest, loyal, reliable Respect – considerate of others; accept differences Responsibility- self control; think before acting; consider consequences; accountable Fairness- play by rules; share; open minded; listen to others Caring – kind; compassionate; express gratitude; forgiving Citizenship – obey rules; laws; advocate for a safe & healthy environment Six Pillars of Character *Universal/Core…because they are held in high regard across all cultures and ages

17 By demonstrating the Six Pillars/Traits of Good Character consistently in your actions and behaviors, you show you have integrity-a firm observance of core ethical values ~You control who you become and a positive identity~  Recognize your strengths and weaknesses- stop making life a contest; there will always be people more or less able than you in areas of life  Demonstrate Positive Values  Develop a Purpose in Your Life-  Form Meaningful Relationships & accept- Constructive Criticism -non hostile comments that point out problems and encourage improvement  Avoid Unhealthy High-Risk Behaviors  Contribute to the Community- help someone else

18 Our Character Is What Determines Our Responses to Life Situations Summary~ CHARACTER is the foundation for all true success A person may have money, position, or power, but unless he has “good” character he or she is not considered to be truly successful. Live a Life that Matters! In the craziness of everyday living, it’s hard to keep perspective. Money, position, pride, and power seem so important – until they’re not. What will matter is how long you will be remembered, by whom, and for what. What do you want to be remember for????

19 Lesson 3: Expressing Emotions in a Healthy Way Emotions- signals that tells your mind and body how to react to certain situations Changes and growth during puberty are caused by hormones- Chemicals produced by glands that regulate the activities of different body cells; causing your emotions to swing from one extreme to another

20 Emotions can…guide you to succeed or prevent you from reaching your goals Emotions contribute significantly to your intelligence and your ability to navigate through your life. intelligence (1) Understanding your emotions is essential, considering the information they can provideUnderstanding (2) Regconize the ways in which they affect the decisions you make how much they determine the ways in which you might respond to situations, the motivation they make available that can enable you to reach your goals.motivation

21 Common Emotions FearAngerSadnessGuiltJealousyHappiness

22 Fear Fear is the feeling of danger Body’s physiological response to fear: Fight or Flight – Heart beats faster which supplies more blood to muscles – Muscles become tense and senses become more alert – These reactions prepare your body to deal with the danger – Your body will return to normal once you have dealt with the situation that caused the fear It is important to work through fears so that the body doesn’t stay in this state of alarm for an extended time 2 Effective management techniques- -environmental planning -self talk

23 Top Ten Common Phobias Phobia is a very intense and deep fear of some entities such as people, things, circumstances, events etc. The chief symptom of phobia has always been found to be the inane necessity to avoid the object creating the fear. Phobias are considered to be a kind of anxiety disorder.

24 Arithmophobia- Fear of numbers Arachibutyrophobia- Fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of the mouth.

25 Anger Anger is a strong feeling of irritation-Hostility/ intentional use of unfriendly offensive behavior Anger is accompanied by physiological responses – Increased heart rate – High blood pressure – Headaches – Nausea Find a release for your anger, don’t keep it penned up inside Managing Anger -Take a time out -Think before you speak – Find a positive release/do something to relax – Do something physical to release your anger – Practice Relaxation skill – Talk with someone you trust

26 Guilt and How To Manage It Guilt is the feeling that you have done something wrong or are responsible for something bad happening Guilt can be your cue to resolve a problem. Guilt can also drive you to do the right thing in a situation Managing Guilt: – -Recognize it – Think about the source of your guilt(what made you feel guilty) – Try not to be critical of yourself & dwell on your actions – If you’ve made a mistake, correct it and then move on (learn from your mistakes) – Tomorrow is another day! – Follow with a good dead-help someone – Talk to a trusted person

27 Happiness- being happy and feeling satisfied How to achieve happiness… 1 st -recognize that you have some control with your life Establish close relationships with others Have a positive attitude Think about what makes you happy and make time for those activities Take good care of your body Be organized, but flexible, so you can adapt to changes as they occur in your life

28 Jealousy Jealousy is the feeling of losing what a person has and insecurity within oneself/or towards others Mixture of fear & insecurity It can be very destructive if it is not controlled Managing jealousy: – Discuss these feelings with the other person involved – Positive thinking/focus on what is good in your relationship NO WORRIES

29 Sadness Feeling sad is normal reaction to a difficult events. Disappointment Loss Injury Discouraged Isolation Lack of interest Prolonged periods of unresolved sadness can lead to depression and lack of energy Managing Sadness: -Share it/Talk -Embrace it/accept the circumstances -Express through other outlets; writing, paint, etc.. Give it a form -Go outdoors

30 Love Characteristics A strong affection, Action of Caring Deep concern Respect, Commitment Trust ~Loving someone means that you support the needs & growth of that person ~You respect their feelings and values WANTING THE BEST FOR THAT PERSON ~Sometimes young love is confused with infatuation Differences in Feelings Love is the quiet understanding and mature acceptance of imperfection. Love is always associated with connection between two souls that goes beyond the self.quiet Infatuation feels like being in love but it is not. The intensity of the emotion is strong but not pure enough like love. Infatuation may make the other person selfish if the opposite person's reaction isn't the same. Infatuation isn't pure like love and may be accompanied by lust. It goes about thinking about oneself and not the other person. Dangers-becoming possessive, jealous Love

31 InfatuationLove Definition: Infatuation is the state of being completely carried away by unreasoning desire. A decision to commit oneself to another and to work through conflicts instead of giving up. A deeper understanding or care. Associated with: Selfish uncontrollable desire Decision to devote yourself to another person for better or worse. Sub- Categories: Short lived physical desire, crush, or lust, hormonal activity, addictive chemical reactions in the brain. Not revived with the same person without a deeper feeling. Intimacy, commitment, security, may be scary at first, must accept the feeling. Symptoms: urgency, intensity, sexual desire, anxiety, high risk choices, reckless abandonment of what was once valued Faithfulness, confidence. Willingness to make sacrifices for another. Working at settling differences. Able to compromise so that either both win or at least give the other person's opinion a chance. Feels like: All consuming euphoria similar to recreational drug use (addictive chemical reactions in the brain), stupidity (cupidity). Can risk everything for the next hit of adrenalin. A deep affection; contentment, confidence.Partners communicate and negotiate appropriate expectations.. requires a lot of selflessness and polite assertiveness.

32 Managing Your Emotions How does learning how to show your emotions in a positive way improve your social health *improves relationships with friends & family *Helps one learn empathy- The ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels *be more supportive to others

33 How can you respond to difficult emotions? Ask question of yourself o Why do I feel this way? o Will the event matter later in life? o Why should I wait before responding? o What would help me feel better without hurting others? o Who can I ask to help me? Most often the techniques help ease/reduce the intensity- ~deep breaths ~relaxing your muscles ~getting away until you calm down ~put in down in writing ~talking with someone you trust ~exercise; release tension in a positive outlet

34 Defense Mechanism Defense Mechanisms*Short term protection from strong emotions Repression (unaware/ Unconscious) Pushing unpleasant feelings out of your mind Suppression (on purpose/ conscious ) Pushing unpleasant feelings out of your mind RationalizationMaking excuses RegressionActing like a child DenialRefusing to recognize the obvious CompensationMaking up for weaknesses by focusing on strenghts ProjectionAttributing feelings or fault to another person Are mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations. Sometimes you use them unconsciously… Helps for a short time; eventually you need to work through the problem.

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