Presentation on theme: "Warm-up #2 Which Enlightenment philosopher did you like the most? Which of their ideas appealed to you and why?"— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up #2 Which Enlightenment philosopher did you like the most? Which of their ideas appealed to you and why?
17.2 Assessment 1b. Enlightened despots tried to make life better for commoners and make their countries stronger by making the commoners happier. 2a. Locke thought that all people had natural rights to life, liberty, and property. 2b. Locke said the purpose of government was to protect the rights of its citizens. 2c. Separation of Powers protects people’s freedoms by making sure that no branch of government would have complete control over the government. 3b. Thomas Jefferson is considered a national hero because he helped to establish our democratic government.
Whose Line…Round 1 Quotes A.For a punishment to be just it should consist of only such gradations of intensity as suffice to deter men from committing crimes." B.I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it. C.There is no crueler tyranny than that which is perpetuated under the shield of law and in the name of justice. D.The condition of man... is a condition of war of everyone against everyone. E.Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself. F.All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 1 We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the purist of Happiness. – Declaration of Independence, 1776
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 2 In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed. – US Bill of Rights
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 3 The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may thus speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. – Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 4 All legislative (law-making) Powers herein granted shall be vested (concentrated) in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. – U.S. Constitution
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 5 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. – U.S. Bill of Rights, 1791
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 6 Governments are instituted among Men, deriving (getting) their just powers from the consent of the governed…whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government. – Declaration of Independence, 1776
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? 7 As all persons are held innocent until they have been declared guilty, if arrest is considered essential, all harshness not necessary for the securing of the person shall be severely repressed by law. – Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789
Enlightenment Thinkers Whose Line is it Anyway? Every Bill which shall have passed the house of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with her Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall…proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent... To the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. – U.S. Constitution