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© Boardworks Ltd of 32© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word Endings Year 7 Spelling Starters Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addressesExtension activities Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Contents © Boardworks Ltd of 32 Vowel suffixes Consonant suffixes Words ending in y Words ending in e Words ending with -ible and -able Words ending with -cian, -sion and -tion Suffix game
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Vowel suffixes © Boardworks Ltd of 32 Vowel suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Common suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -er suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -al and -ic suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -al and -ic suffixes The vowel suffixes -al and -ic both change nouns into adjectives. When the root word ends in a consonant, the suffix is added to the end of the word. When the root word ends in a vowel or y, the last vowel is usually dropped before the suffix is added. Look at these adjectives. Can you spot which root word the suffixes have been added to? medical occasional dramatic horrific energetic
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ist suffixes NounsJobs novel balloon journal machine art drama Note: words ending in e take off the e when adding -ist. The suffix -ist often shows what jobs people do. You take the noun, e.g. violin, and add -ist to make the word violinist. A violinist is someone whose job is to play the violin. Can you make any more jobs from the nouns below? novelist balloonist journalist machinist artist dramatist
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -est suffixes Absolute adjectiveSuperlative adjective clever long small tall pretty happy Note: For words ending in y, the y changes to i when you add -est. The suffix -est is added to words to make a word that means ‘the most…’. So, for example, ‘nicest’ means the most nice. Make the following adjectives into words that mean ‘the most _________’. cleverest longest smallest tallest prettiest happiest
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ary suffixes revolutionary dictionary missionary secondary The suffix -ary means relating to or connected with. Can you identify what the -ary words below are connected with?
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ive suffixes 1.She was an ___________ (investigate) journalist. 2.They tried to think of ____________ (alternate) solutions. 3.He was given a _____________(commemorate) plaque to help him remember the important day. 4.It was a dangerous job, so you had to wear ___________(protect) clothing. 5.The new washing up liquid was very __________(effect). The suffix -ive means performing or attending to a specific action, e.g. it was an explosive situation. Change the root words below to complete the sentences.
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Consonant suffixes © Boardworks Ltd of 32 Consonant suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ly suffixes How many words can you think of that end in the suffix -ly, e.g. friendly? Press play to start the timer. actually especially eventually kindly weekly really Why do some of the words end -lly? Because the root word ends in an l. especial + ly = especially week + ly = weekly Here are a few suggestions:
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ly suffixes especially slowly kindly in a special or particular way in a slow manner in a kind manner Words ending in -ly are often adverbs. Adverbs tell us something about the verb. E.g. She ran quickly to the bus stop. The suffix -ly means ‘in this manner / way’. What is the meaning of the following words?
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Look at what happens when we add full to a word. full becomes fulcare waste help colour boast + full careful wasteful helpful colourful boastful -ful suffixes What meaning does ful have?
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 What do the following words mean? careless thankless homeless care +less thank + less home + less without care without thanks without a home -less suffixes = = =
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Combining suffixes gracefully forgetfully wastefully grace + ful + ly forget + ful + ly waste + ful + ly Using your knowledge of suffixes, how many suffixes can you spot in the following words? = = =
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Words ending in y © Boardworks Ltd of 22 Words ending in y
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Look what happens when we add suffixes to words ending in consonant + y. happy + er + ly + est + ness happier happily happiest happiness Can you see what is happening? The y changes to an i and then the suffix is added. So for words ending in consonant + y, the y changes to an i before the prefix is added. Can you think of any exceptions to this rule? Suffixes for words ending in y
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Look at what happens to the word supply when these suffixes are added: What happens to words ending vowel + y? Suffixes for words ending in y supply + er + ing + ed supplier supplying supplied delay + er + ing + ed delayer delaying delayed To add a suffix to a vowel + y word, just add the suffix.
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Words ending in e © Boardworks Ltd of 22 Words ending in e
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Look at what happens when we add suffixes to a word ending in e (in this example, love). love + ed + ing + ly + less loved loving lovely loveless Can you work out the rule? If the suffix begins with a vowel, the e is usually dropped. If the suffix begins with a consonant, the e remains. Words ending in a soft ce or ge usually keep the e before able and ous, e.g. knowledgeable, courageous. The e is dropped before adding the suffix. The e remains and the suffix is added. Suffixes for words ending in e
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Suffixes for words ending in e
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Words ending with – ible and -able © Boardworks Ltd of 22 Words ending with -ible and -able
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ible and -able suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -ible and -able suffixes Did you spot any rules? -able endings are more common than -ible ones. Most words ending in -able have a recognizable root word, e.g. agreeable. However, there are some exceptions, e.g. probable. Words ending in -ible often don’t leave a word if the suffix is removed, e.g. horrible, edible.
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Words ending with – cian, -sion and -tion © Boardworks Ltd of 22 Words ending with -cian, -sion and -tion
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -cian discussion -sion -tion How many words can you list that end in a shun sound? Here are all the suffixes that make a shun sound. Can you think of a word that uses each one? -ation -etion -ition -otion -ution -cian, -sion and -tion suffixes Ways to make a shun sound magician completion -ssion position fiction lotion demonstration confusion pollution
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Words ending in -tion, the most common of the ‘shun’ words. Words ending in -sion. The root word ends in d/de or s/se. Words ending in -cian usually indicate jobs/people. direction expectation competition fusion explosion profession dietician magician electrician How many more words can you think of to add to each list? -cian, -sion and -tion suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 -cian, -sion and -tion suffixes
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Word endings – Suffix game © Boardworks Ltd of 22 Suffix game
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 Suffixes
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© Boardworks Ltd of 15 These icons indicate that teachers notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates the.
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