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MEANING,IMPORTANCE AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FIELD OF HOMESCIENCE DEPT. OF HOMESCIENCE D.A.V COLLEGE FOR GIRLS, YAMUNANAGAR.

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Presentation on theme: "MEANING,IMPORTANCE AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FIELD OF HOMESCIENCE DEPT. OF HOMESCIENCE D.A.V COLLEGE FOR GIRLS, YAMUNANAGAR."— Presentation transcript:

1 MEANING,IMPORTANCE AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FIELD OF HOMESCIENCE DEPT. OF HOMESCIENCE D.A.V COLLEGE FOR GIRLS, YAMUNANAGAR

2 HOME IS A PLACE, WHICH PROVIDES COMFORT AND MEETS AN INDIVIDUAL’S NEED FOR SAFETY, SECURITY, IDENTITY AND A SENSE OF BELONGINGNESS. HOMESCIENCE PROVIDES AN UNDERSTANDING OF DESIGNING AND ARRANGING THE ENVIRONMENT AT HOME IN SUCH A MANNER THAT IT PROMOTES HEALTHY PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUALS.

3 MEANING OF HOME SCIENCE HOME SCIENCE, OR THE SCIENCE OF A HOME, IN SIMPLE WORDS, INCLUDES ALL THE THINGS THAT CONCERN YOU, YOUR HOME, YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS AND YOUR RESOURCES. IT AIMS AT GETTING MAXIMUM SATISFACTION FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS THROUGH THE EFFICIENT AND SCIENTIFIC USE OF YOUR RESOURCES. HOME SCIENCE MEANS THE ART OF MANAGING YOUR RESOURCES EFFICIENTLY AND THE SCIENCE OF ACHIEVING A HEALTHIER, HAPPIER HOME AND, IF NEED BE, A SUCCESSFUL CAREER.

4 HOME SCIENCE TEACHES AN INDIVIDUAL TO DEVELOP KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS IN ORDER TO INTERACT BETTER WITH THEIR ENVIRONMENT THAT INCLUDES THE FAMILY, FOOD,CLOTHING AND HOME. THE BASIC AIM OF STUDYING HOMESCIENCE IS TO EFFICIENTLY USE THE GOODS AND SERVICES AVAILABLE FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF HUMAN LIFE.

5 HOME SCIENCE AS A SUBJECT IS OF GREAT SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE AS IT AFFECTS AN INDIVIDUAL’S WAY OF LIVING, EATING, RAISING YOUNG ONES, ETC., WHICH IN TURN AFFECTS THE WELFARE AND STABILITY OF THE FAMILY AND THE SOCIETY AT LARGE. BESIDES GROOMING INDIVIDUALS FOR BETTER LIVING, THE STUDY OF HOME SCIENCE ALSO OPENS UP VISTAS OF FUTURE VOCATIONAL PURSUITS.

6 ADVANCED SCIENCE TODAY THIS SCIENCE IS SO ADVANCED THAT EACH COMPONENT HAS ITS OWN AND INDEPENDENT SUBDIVISIONS. THESE SUB-DIVISIONS ARE AS FOLLOWS- FOOD AND NUTRITION TEXTILES AND CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION AND EXTENSION

7 OBJECTIVES SECURE THE HEALTH AND SAFETY OF THE FAMILY; TAKE CARE OF NUTRITIONAL NEEDS OF THE FAMILY; PROPER FOOD HANDLING AND PREPARATION JUDICIOUSLY UTILIZE AVAILABLE RESOURCES IMPROVED WORK CULTURE AND WISE PURCHASING HABITS;

8 OBJECTIVES TO UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT USE IT FOR STRENGTHENING INTERPERSONALRELATIONSHIPS DEVELOP SKILLS IN THE SELECTION, CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF TEXTILE AND CLOTHING FOR DOMESTIC USE.

9 FOOD AND NUTRITION GOOD HEALTH IS DEPENDENT ON THE FOOD THAT WE EAT. OUR DIET CONSISTS OF A VARIETY OF FOOD THAT CAN BE PREPARED BY APPLYING SIMPLE KNOWLEDGE OF FOOD AND NUTRITION. THIS KNOWLEDGE HELPS TO ALTER FOOD HABITS THAT CAN CONTRIBUTE TO ENSURING GOOD HEALTH.

10 CLOTHING AND TEXTILES “CLOTHES MAKE A MAN” AND HELP TO CREATE PERSONALIDENTITY AND BUILD SELF- CONFIDENCE. USING WELL-CONSTRUCTED GARMENTS FROM TEXTILES THAT ARE COMPOSED OF FIBRES, YARNS AND FINISHES ENHANCE THE PERSONALITY AND PRESENTABILITY OF INDIVIDUALS. IT GIVES AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROPERTIES OF TEXTILES. THIS KNOWLEDGE IS IMPORTANT FOR FABRICATING, CONSTRUCTING, SELECTING, USING AND CARING FOR THETEXTILES IN DAILY USE.

11 RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN THESE DAYS OF STRESS, HOME IS A PERSON’S LAST REFUGE FROM THE CHAOS OF OUTSIDE WORLD. ONE CAN FEEL WELL ADJUSTED IF ONE POSSESSES THE KNOWLEDGE OF OPTIMAL USE OF ALL THE RESOURCES IN ONE'S ENVIRONMENT TO ACHIEVE SATISFACTION. ‘DOING THINGS RIGHT’ WITHIN THE AVAILABLE RESOURCES IS THE AIM OF HOMESCIENCE. IT AIMS AT TEACHING A CREATIVE AND SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO AN IMPROVED LIFE.

12 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SINCE EVERY ONE IS A PRODUCT OF ENVIRONMENT, THEIR WELL-BEING IS AFFECTED BY BOTH EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL FACTORS. EXTERNAL FACTORS CONSTITUTE PEOPLE AROUND YOU AND THE HOUSING, FOOD, CLOTHING EQUIPMENT ETC. INTERNAL FACTORS ARE PHYSICAL, MENTAL, EMOTIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH. A FAMILY ACTS AS A LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM ANDHELPS TO ADAPT TO THE CHANGES OCCURRING WITHINAND AROUND AN INDIVIDUAL.

13 EDUCATION AND EXTENSION TO REALISE THE CONTRIBUTION OF HOME SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY, COMMUNITY AND NATION. TO UNDERSTAND THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN EXTENSION EDUCATION ANDTO KNOW THE PRINCIPLES AND USE OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS.

14 IN MODERN TIMES GREATADVANCES HAVE BEEN MADE IN THE FIELDS OF HEALTH,NUTRITION,TEXTILES,HOUSING ETC,WITH THE POTENTIALITIES OF MAKING AVAILABLE SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE WHICH THE HOME MAKER NEEDS IN HER DAY-TO-DAY WORK OF MANAGING THE HOME. SINCE THE HOME IS THE BASIS OF ALL IMPROVEMENTS AND BASICALLY AFFECTS THE NATIONAL PROGRAMME.IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT SUCH KNOWLEDGE IS MADE AVAILABLE TO EVERY HOMEMAKER IN THE COUNTRY.

15 THE STUDY OF HOME SCIENCE HELPS TO BUILD THE NECESSARY SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE TO ACHIEVE GREATER EFFICIENCY AND BRING A QUALITATIVE CHANGE IN LIFE AND HOME. THE OBJECTIVES OF HOME SCIENCE EDUCATION ARE TO HELP EACH PUPIL LEAD A MORE SATISFYING PERSONAL, FAMILY AND COMMUNITY LIFE.IT IS AN ATTEMPT TO MEET THE DEMANDS OF MODERN SOCIETY AND MAKING USE OF THE APPLICATIONS OF MANY SCIENCES AND ARTS TOWARDS ACHIEVING BETTER, HEALTHIER AND HAPPIER HOMES.

16 CAREER PROSPECTS THE VARIOUS JOBS THAT HOME SCIENCE CAN ENTAIL ARE: PRODUCTION JOBS - THIS COVERS FOOD PRESERVATION, DRESS-MAKING, SPECIALIZED COOKING. GRADUATES OF HOME SCIENCE CAN GO ON TO ENTER THE TEXTILE BUSINESS, FASHION DESIGNING ETC. OR EVEN WORK IN HOTELS, THE FOOD INDUSTRY ETC. RESEARCH JOBS - THESE PROJECTS INVOLVE EDUCATING SPECIFIC SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION SUCH AS MOTHERS, FARMERS, VILLAGERS ON THE FOOD VALUE OF CERTAIN FOOD ITEMS.

17 CAREER PROSPECTS SALES JOBS - SALES PROMOTION OF FOOD ITEMS (BABY FOODS) ARE GIVEN TO HOME SCIENCE GRADUATES GRANTED THEY HAVE RELEVANT INFORMATION AND EXPERIENCE. SERVICE JOBS - MAINTENANCE AND SUPERVISION OF HOUSE KEEPING DEPARTMENTS AT TOURIST RESORTS, HOTELS, CATERING FACILITIES, RESTAURANTS ETC. TEACHING JOBS - THE RECOGNIZED QUALIFICATION FOR A PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER IS A BACHELORS DEGREE IN HOME SCIENCE AND MANY POSTGRADUATES ALSO ARE TAKEN ON AS SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS AND COLLEGE PROFESSORS.

18 CAREER PROSPECTS TECHNICAL JOBS - MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES DO REQUIRE HOME SCIENCE GRADUATES TO SERVE AS RESEARCH ASSISTANTS, FOOD ANALYSTS, FOOD SCIENTISTS ETC. HOME SCIENCE STUDENTS HAVE A WIDE RANGE OF FIELDS THAT THEY CAN ENTER, AS THE ABOVE LIST ILLUSTRATES. ATTENTION TO CUSTOMER SERVICES AND NUTRITION IS INCREASING AT A TREMENDOUS RATE, SINCE NUMEROUS MULTINATIONAL FIRMS ARE GETTING INVOLVED IN THESE VENTURES. THIS MAKES A CAREER IN HOME ECONOMICS VERY PROMISING

19 AS THE VERY NAME SUGGESTS, HOME SCIENCE IS CONCERNED WITH THE HOME. THE PERCEPTION OF A LAY PERSON IS THAT IT IS A SUBJECT ABOUT HOME MAKING AND HOUSEHOLD CHORES. THEY ARE ONLY PARTLY CORRECT BECAUSE THE AREA COVERED BY THE SUBJECT OF HOME SCIENCE IS VAST AND VARIED. IT’S SCOPE EXTENDS FAR BEYOND THE ‘HOME’ AND IS NOT LIMITED TO COOKING, LAUNDRY, NEEDLEWORK AND HOME DECORATION. IN FACT IT IS THE ONLY SUBJECT WHICH PREPARES YOUNG LEARNERS FOR THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT GOALS IN THEIR LIVES - LOOKING AFTER THEIR HOME AND FAMILY AND PREPARING FOR A CAREER OR VOCATION IN LIFE.

20 YOU MUST HAVE NOTICED THE WORDS “ART” AND “SCIENCE” BEING USED TOGETHER IN THE DEFINITION GIVEN ABOVE. THIS IS BECAUSE HOME SCIENCE TEACHES YOU THE ART OF USING THINGS SO THAT A BEAUTIFUL, HARMONIOUS WHOLE IS ACHIEVED AND AN OVERALL PLEASANT EFFECT IS CREATED. AT THE SAME TIME, IT GIVES YOU ALL THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SCIENTIFIC PROCEDURES INVOLVED IN MAKING A HOME BEAUTIFUL. LET US TAKE AN EXAMPLE- HOME SCIENCE WILL TEACH YOU ABOUT THE DIFFERENT NUTRIENTS REQUIRED BY THE BODY AND THE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS THEY PERFORM. THIS IS THE “SCIENCE”. WHEN YOU ARE ABLE TO SELECT VARIOUS DISHES HAVING THOSE NECESSARY NUTRIENTS AND SERVE THEM ATTRACTIVELY TO YOUR FAMILY, IT IS AN “ART”.

21 TODAY, MORE AND MORE WOMEN ARE WORKING- WHETHER THEY GO OUT OR DO SOME THING ON THEIR OWN FROM THEIR HOME ITSELF. AS A RESULT, THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE HOME HAS TO BE SHARED BY THE MEN AS WELL. IN OUR SOCIETY, SINCE MEN HAVE TRADITIONALLY NOT BEEN VERY ACTIVE IN THE HOME, THEY FIND IT VERY DIFFICULT TO ADJUST. THEY NEED TO BE ORIENTED TOWARDS THE DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF A HOME AND HAVE TO LEARN TO APPRECIATE THE EFFORT THAT GOES INTO MAKING A BEAUTIFUL HOME AND TO RUN IT SMOOTHLY. HOME SCIENCE IS THE ONLY SUBJECT THAT GIVES YOUNG PEOPLE SUCH AN ORIENTATION AND INFORMATION WHICH HELPS THEM TO BECOME SUCCESSFUL HOME MAKERS, RESPONSIBLE CITIZENS, AND GOOD PARENTS.

22 MISCONCEPTION HOME SCIENCE IS LIMITED TO COOKING, LAUNDRY AND NEEDLEWORK. THE COMMON PERCEPTION IS THAT THESE ARE THE ONLY THINGS THAT ARE TAUGHT IN HOME SCIENCE. HENCE PARENTS OF YOUNG GIRLS READILY AGREE TO LET THEM STUDY THIS SUBJECT. THEY THINK IT HELPS IN PREPARING THEM FOR THE RESPONSIBILITIES TO COME IN LATER LIFE. FACT COOKING, LAUNDRY, AND NEEDLEWORK ARE ONLY A VERY SMALL PART OF WHAT IS TAUGHT IN HOME SCIENCE. IN FACT, WE LEARN ABOUT EVERY THING THAT TOUCHES OUR LIFE- THE BASICS OF HOW OUR BODY WORKS, WHAT WE NEED TO EAT TO REMAIN HEALTHY, THE RULES OF PERSONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE THAT WE NEED TO FOLLOW.

23 FACT WE LEARN ABOUT THE DIFFERENT FIBRES AND FABRICS AVAILABLE IN THE MARKET, THE FACTORS WHICH INFLUENCE OUR SELECTION OF FABRICS FOR VARIOUS USES. CHILDREN ARE AN IMPORTANT PART OF OUR LIVES. WE ARE ALL CONCERNED ABOUT RAISING THEM SAFELY AND SENSIBLY. IT IS IN THIS COURSE THAT WE LEARN HOW THEY DEVELOP BEFORE AND AFTER BIRTH, WHAT WE CAN DO TO SEE THAT THEY GROW UP TO BE GOOD, RESPONSIBLE ADULTS. WE ALSO LEARN TO MANAGE OUR RESOURCES LIKE TIME, ENERGY, AND MONEY SO THAT WE GET MAXIMUM SATISFACTION OUT OF THEIR USE.

24 MISCONCEPTION HOME SCIENCE IS MEANT ONLY FOR GIRLS. MANY PEOPLE THINK THAT SINCE HOME SCIENCE TEACHES ONLY ABOUT THE HOME, IT SHOULD BE STUDIED BY GIRLS ONLY FACT TODAY, MEN AND WOMEN ARE SHARING THE RESPONSIBILITY OF A HOME EQUALLY. THIS IS BECAUSE OF A GRADUAL CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE OF OUR SOCIETY. WITH MORE AND MORE WOMEN GOING OUT OF THE HOME TO WORK, THE MEN HAVE TO LEARN TO SHARE THE RESPONSIBILITIES. THE BASIC PREPARATION AND ORIENTATION IS GIVEN BY THE SUBJECT OF HOME SCIENCE ALONE. HENCE YOUNG MEN ARE ALSO ENCOURAGED TO TAKE UP STUDY OF THIS SUBJECT.

25 MISCONCEPTION YOU CAN LEARN ABOUT IT FROM YOUR MOTHER/ GRANDMOTHER. PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THE CONTENTS OF HOME SCIENCE ARE SO GENERAL THAT THEY CAN BE EASILY LEARNT FROM MOTHER OR GRANDMOTHER AT HOME ITSELF AND FORMAL STUDY OF ANY KIND IS NOT REQUIRED. FACT ALTHOUGH GIRLS DO LEARN MANY THINGS BY OBSERVING THEIR MOTHER AND GRANDMOTHER AT WORK, IT IS NOT SUFFICIENT. MANY THINGS ARE DONE TRADITIONALLY WHICH HAVE A SOUND SCIENTIFIC BASIS, FOR EXAMPLE, PICKLES ARE COVERED WITH A LAYER OF OIL. WHEN ASKED WHY,MOTHER MAY NOT BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN. BUT HOME SCIENCE WILL EXPLAIN THAT THE LAYER OF OIL PREVENTS CONTACT OF PICKLE WITH AIR. THIS PREVENTS SPOILAGE OF THE PICKLE.

26 MISCONCEPTION STUDYING HOME SCIENCE DOES NOT LEAD TO A CAREER. SINCE HOME SCIENCE TEACHES ONLY ABOUT THE HOME AND THINGS WITHIN THE HOME, IT IS USELESS IN TERMS OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT, IS WHAT MOST PEOPLE THINK. IF A YOUNG GIRL OR BOY WANTS TO STUDY TO BECOME A WAGE EARNER, A “SERIOUS” SUBJECT IS TO BE SELECTED. FACT HOME SCIENCE OFFERS NUMEROUS JOB OPPORTUNITIES TO BOTH GIRLS AND BOYS. STUDYING THIS SUBJECT AT THE SCHOOL LEVEL WILL EXPOSE YOU TO THE DIFFERENT JOBS YOU CAN TAKE UP. BUT YOU HAVE TO REALIZE THAT LIKE ANY OTHER SUBJECT, YOU HAVE TO STUDY FURTHER AND IN GREATER DETAIL.

27 JOBS IN HOSPITALS AS DIETICIANS, IN BOUTIQUES ASFASHION DESIGNER, IN HOTELS AS A HOSTESS/ RECEPTIONIST, IN SCHOOLS AS COUNSELORS, AS TEACHERSIN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES THESE ARE SOME OF THE VERY COMMON JOB OPPORTUNITIES OPEN TO HOME SCIENCE LEARNERS. YOU CAN HAVE A VERY SATISFYING AND WELL PAID JOB AND CAREER AFTER STUDYING HOME SCIENCE.

28 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN HOME SCIENCE CATERING FOOD PRESERVATION/ BAKERY AND CONFECTIONERY INTERIOR DECORATION ARTS AND CRAFTS

29 SELF EMPLOYMENT OWNER OF A CANTEEN, RESTAURANT FOOD SERVICE FROM HOME. CONDUCTING HOBBY CLASS. OWNER OF A PRODUCTION UNIT; HOME BASED PRODUCTION SERVICES INTERIOR DESIGNER. FURNITURE DESIGNER. CONSULTANCY SERVICES FROM HOME RUNNING OWN SHOP/ENTERPRISE. HOME-BASED CRAFT CENTRE

30 WAGE EMPLOYMENT MANAGER IN CANTEEN, RESTAURANT IN-CHARGE OF A COMMUNITY CENTRE INTERIOR DESIGNER FURNITURE DESIGNER STAFF AT SHOW ROOMS STAFF AT GOVERNMENT EMPORIUMS/ SHOW ROOMS/ ANTIQUE SHOPS DESIGNER FOR ARTS AND CRAFTS ITEMS STAFF AT PRODUCTION UNITS

31 BESIDES PROVIDING YOU AN OVERALL DEVELOPMENT AS AN INDIVIDUAL, HOME SCIENCE PREPARES YOU TO TAKE UP A JOB OUTSIDE THE HOME, IF YOU DESIRE OR TO SET UP AN ENTERPRISE AT HOME ITSELF. FOR EXAMPLE, AS A HOME SCIENCE TRAINED PERSON, YOU CAN JOIN A GARMENT EXPORT HOUSE AS A WAGE EMPLOYEE. IF YOU ARE NOT ABLE TO LEAVE THE HOUSE, YOU CAN SET UP A TAILORING UNIT AT HOME. SIMILARLY, IN ALL AREAS OF HOME SCIENCE, YOU CAN ENGAGE IN BOTH WAGE OR SELF EMPLOYMENT.BUT YOU MUST REMEMBER THAT TO BE SUCCESSFUL YOU NEED TO HAVE DETAILED KNOWLEDGE.

32 THIS COMBINATION OF SCIENCE AND ART HOLDS TRUE IN EVERY SPHERE OF YOUR LIFE LIKE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING- THE HOUSE THAT YOU LIVE IN; THE FOOD THAT YOU EAT; THE CLOTHES THAT YOU WEAR; THE FAMILY THAT YOU CARE FOR; THE RESOURCES THAT YOU USE; THE ENVIRONMENT AROUND YOU; THE SKILLS THAT CAN LEAD TO A SUCCESSFUL CAREER.

33 THANK YOU


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