Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happiness Research – Findings and Implications for Work and.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happiness Research – Findings and Implications for Work and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happiness Research – Findings and Implications for Work and Education Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg (www.ruckriegel.org)

2 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg „Happiness is the final aim of humans“ Artistoteles (Aristotle) „The pursuit of happiness is changing the world.“ Speech given by the former Bundespräsident Horst Köhler, October 2007

3 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

4 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg “There is now a field of study, complete with doctoral dissertations and professorships, called “the economics of happiness”. Ben Bernanke, “The economics of Happiness”, Speech given at the University of South Carolina, 8. May 2010

5 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happiness Research - Findings

6 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg What is the problem in Western countries ? Or: Why do we need Happiness Research?

7 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

8 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg “There is now a field of study, complete with doctoral dissertations and professorships, called “the economics of happiness”. The idea is that by measuring the self-reported happiness of people around the world, and then correlating those results with economic, social, and personal characteristics and behavior, we can learn directly what factors contribute to happiness, … recently economists have gotten into the act.” Ben Bernanke, “The economics of Happiness”, Speech given at the University of South Carolina, 8. May 2010

9 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg What is happiness?

10 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg  Happiness is considered by most people to be the ultimate goal. Who realy wants to be unhappy in life?  It follows that economics is – or should be – about happiness.  What does this mean?  The question is: How to spend the time we have (24 hours a day) to feel happy.

11 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg  Economics for a long time has taken income, or Gross National Product, as a suitable, though incomplete proxy for people`s wellfare.  Happiness research shows that reported subjective well-being is a far better measure of individual welfare.  Reported subjective well-being is the scientific term used in psychology for an individual`s evaluation of his or her experienced happiness with life.

12 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg More precisely: SWB refers to people`s evaluation of their lives – evaluations that are both affective and cognitive. SWB consists of three parts: Positive emotions, negative emotions and satisfaction with life.

13 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg “Happiness is the experience of frequent, mildy pleasant emotions, the relative absence of unpleasant feelings, and a general feeling of satisfaction with one`s life.” Robert Biswas-Diener / Ben Dean, 2007

14 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Effects of Happiness

15 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happy people live longer, stay married longer, make more money, receive better evaluations from work supervisors, take fewer sick days, are more altruistic and more creative. Happiness is functional. Individuals, families, organizations, and societies need happy individuals to flourish. Happy people are more likely to be curious and explore, to take risks and to seek new social contacts. Robert Biswas-Diener / Ben Dean, 2007

16 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg How is happiness measured? People can be asked how statisfied they are with their life.

17 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg  Surveys: Global Evaluation of Individual Life Satisfaction by asking a representative sample of individuals about their overall happiness or satisfaction with the life they lead.  For example: World Values Surveys, Eurobarometer Surveys, German Socio Oeconomic Panel (GSOP)  GSOP: Life satisfaction is assessed on a scale from 0 (very, very dissatisfied) to 10 (very, very satisfied).

18 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg -Diagram shows the development of statisfaction of life in East- and West- Ost-Germany, (SOEP) -Quelle: Statistisches Bundesamt, Datenreport 2008, Bonn 2008, S. 409.

19 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

20 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg If you`re so rich, why aren`t you so happy?

21 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

22 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

23 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg „The OECD has organised over the past two years a range of activities on how to measure well-being … What has been driving the OECD interest in this area? In a nutshell, it is the realisation of a large and growing gap between what official statistics tell us about “progress” and the feeling of ordinary people. … The OECD global Project on “Measuring the Progress of Society” is one step in filling that gap. (Hervorhebungen durch den Verf.) ” Marco Mira d`Ercole (OECD), 2007, S. 1

24 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg 1972 (Sicco L. Mansholt, Europ. Kom.) (Emile v. Lennep, OECD)

25 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg What are the reasons? Adaptation and Social Comparison (Easterlin Paradoxon)

26 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

27 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Social comparison Raising the incomes of all does not increase the happiness of all because of a higher living level norm brought about by the growth in income generally. Unequal income rises does improve happiness of some to the expense of others - taken all together there is no increase in happiness.

28 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg „Since the consumption benefit approaches zero as income rises, happiness profiles over time in developed countries are flat.” Andrew Clark at al. in survey about research in Happiness Research (Journal of Economic Literature, March 2008)

29 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Factors Contributing to Happiness Happiness research has identified seven factors contributing to happiness: -family relationships -financial situation (income) -job satisfaction -social environment -Health -personal freedom -life philosophy

30 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg What can we do to improve happiness? What can we learn from Positive Psychology?

31 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

32 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg 1. Praticing Gratitude and Positive Thinking a) Expressing Gratitude Gratitude is the opposite of negative feelings... b) Cultivating Optimism c) Avoiding Overthinking and Social Comparison 2. Investing in Social Connections a) Praticing Acts of Kindness b) Nurturing Social Relationships By the way working on a deep loving relationship is the most important happiness maker.

33 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg 3. Managing Stress, Hardship and Trauma a) Developing Strategies for Coping -- Problem-focused coping Concentrate your effort on doing something about it, make a plan of action -- Emotion-focused coping b) Learning to forgive You do this for yourself and not for the person who has hurt you. Clinging to bitterness or hate harms you more than the object of your hatred.

34 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg 4. Living in the Present a) Increasing your flow Experience Flow Experience: you are totally absorbed, you completely lose track of time. Flow is a state of intense absorption and involvement of the present. b) Savoring Life`s Joys 5. Care of your Body and your Soal a) Praticing religion and spirituality. b) Taking Care of your body

35 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happiness Research – Implications for …

36 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg … Work „We all agree that managers need to connect deeply with followers to ensure outstanding performance.“ „The best science we have on relationships comes from the most intense relationships of all – marriage.“ Harvard Business Review, Making Relationsships work, December 2007, p. 45 – 50.

37 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg The philosophy is simple: When the staff is happy, the boss tends to be happy, too. Ultimately, only happy people will be committed and motivated.

38 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg What should (better MUST!!!) companies do? or How to get good managers

39 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

40 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg What is important? How should managers behave to be successful which means to motivate employees by satisfying their need for achievement, equity and camaraderie? Or how should managers behave to make their employees „happy“ ?

41 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Achievement 1. Instill an inspiring purpose (making clear what the contribution of the company for the society (people)) is. 2. Provide recognition (employees want to be respected). 3. Be an expediter for employees (go away from a command and –controll style and help people to get their work done). 4. Give employees feedback and coach them for improvement.

42 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Equity 5. Communicate fully and treat employees fairly (paying, job security, …) 6. Deal decisively with poor performance Camaraderie 7. Promote teamwork Pulling It All Together 8. Listen and invite (Employees are a rich source of information of how to do a job well. So use an participative style. Participative managers continually express their interest in employees`ideas).

43 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg There is a lot to do – but it pays to have happy employees!

44 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg … Education How can we improve the effiency of education?

45 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg The components of Positive Education: -Care, trust and respect for diversity It is absolute crucial to have a supportive atmosphere of care and trust because students flourish in such an environment.

46 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg -Goals (content) Goals provide means of targeting student`s learning efforts. The success of class goals involves making the materials relevant to students`real life experiences whenever possible. -Motivation Teachers musst be enthused about their materials. Instructors are models of enthusiasm for their students.

47 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg  Societal Contributions A final positive psychology lesson is that students unterstand that they are part of a lager societal scheme in which they share what they have learnt with other people.

48 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg To sum it up: 1. We musst train managers how to deal with employees in the right way. Happy employees are the biggest treasury a company can have. 2. We have to train teacher how to teach positive. Teaching positive produces not only happy students but is also much more effective. There is a lot to do – let us start immediatly!!!

49 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg

50 Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Literature Steve R. Baumgardner, Marie K. Crothers, Positive Psychology, Pearson 2010; Ben Bernanke, “The economics of Happiness”, Speech given at the University of South Carolina, 8. May 2010; Robert Biswas-Diener, Ben Dean, Positive Psychology Coaching – Putting the Science of Happiness to Work for Your Clients, John Wiley and Sons Harvard Business Review OnPoint, The IDEAL Workplace – How to Boost Productivity, Commitment & Job Satisfaction, Summer 2010; Harvard Medical School, Positive Psychology – Harnessing the power of happiness, personal strength and mindfulness, Special Health Report Sonja Lyubomirsky,the How of Happiness – A New Approach to Getting Life You Want, Penguin Books 2007; Jessica Pryce-Jones, Happiness at Work – Maximizing your Psychological Capital for Success, Wiley-Blackwell 2010; C.R. Snyder, Shane J. Lopez, Positive Psychology – The Scientific and Practical Exploration of Human Strengths, SAGE Publications 2007.


Download ppt "Effects of Globalisation Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Ruckriegel Georg-Simon-Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg Happiness Research – Findings and Implications for Work and."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google