Prefrontal Cortex CEO of the brain; last part to mature; Responsible for decision making; rational thoughts Amygdala Emotional center; teens rely more heavily on this area; Can explain why adolescents react more impulsively
“ Do Kids Like Me? ” Peer acceptance Social skills Complex emotions CHALLENGE: Negative peer pressure POSITIVES: Peer approval for academics, athletics, arts
“ Who Is That In The Mirror? ” Personal Identity Positive view of self Moral standards/values Belief systems CHALLENGE: Experimenting POSITIVES: Growing realism of strengths/weaknesses
The 21 st Century Learner presented by Kim Cofino presentation resources: http://the21stcenturylearner.wikispaces.com/ professional blog: http://mscofino.edublogs.org
Kids want belonging Kids are becoming Kids are Always on Kids are Increasingly digital Kids are Social Kids are Connected Kids expect Instant access Kids brains are developing (immaturely)
What are your thoughts at this moment? What does this say to you?
Challenges Opportunities What do I do? What decisions are best? Individual choices & Family decisions Where’s balance? Trust and Mistakes Communication
A 10 th grader A 10 th grader Another 10 th grader Another 10 th grader What did 8 th graders say? What did 6 th graders say? What did 11 th and 12 th graders say?
Some common MYTHS: It ’ s a virtual place to hide No witnesses No scene of the crime REALITY: It is much easier to say something mean to someone when you are not saying it face to face…
The “ Power Hungry ” The “ Vengeful Angel ” The “ Mean Girls ” The “ Computer Savvy ” The “ Inadvertent Cyber Bully ”
Like the traditional school yard bully Wants to show their power Needs an audience Often brags about what they have done
Usually the target of earlier bullying incident They don't see themselves as a bully Feels that they are “ righting a wrong ” Sees themselves as the protector of others
Usually the bullying is planned by a group of girls to be done to another girl It is a form of entertainment for them Bullying gets more intense as more people know about it and praise the original group Many people are silent about it because they do not want to become the new target for the group
Often the victim of off-line bullying (physical or verbal abuse) May be physically smaller than their peers May often be picked on for not being popular enough They have greater technical skills and use them to get back at their tormentors
Don ’ t see themselves as cyber bullies Do it “ Because I can ” Communicating on-line makes them feel “ tougher ”, more in control Don ’ t think before pressing “ SEND ”
FLAMMING: Fight through text and e-mail with angry words HARASSMENT: repeatedly sending offensive, rude, insulting messages CYBERSTALKING: repeatedly sending messages that threaten to harm or humiliate DENIGRATION: Insulting and/or humiliating someone on-line IMPERSONATION: posing as another person OUTING & TRICKERY: sharing secrets EXCLUSION: excluding someone from an online buddy list or from your social networking site