Presentation on theme: "The Criss Library at UNO"— Presentation transcript:
1The Criss Library at UNO An Introduction to Information Literacy and the Basics of Library Research
2Table of Contents Part I Introduction to Library Research page 7 Part II The Criss Library Homepage page 38Part III Electronic Indexes and Databases page 67Part IV The World Wide Web page 136
3Back to Table of Contents Part IIntroduction to Library Research at UNOInformation Literacy page 7Define a Topic page 11Sources/Types of Information page 14Characteristics ofInformation Sources page 20Evaluation Criteria page 32Back to Table of Contents
4Back to Table of Contents Part IIThe Criss Library HomepageHomepage Overview page 38Access Tools page 48Criss Library Catalog page 49Search the UniversityLibrary Catalog page 52Back to Table of Contents
5Back to Table of Contents Part IIIElectronic Indexes and DatabasesOverview of Electronic Indexes andDatabases and Their Access Points page 67Academic Search Premier page 79Lexis Nexis Academic page 99Locate Journals Service page 125A Brief Review page 134Back to Table of Contents
6Back to Table of Contents Part IVThe World Wide WebThe Pros and Cons page 136Evaluation Criteria page 138Google page 140Advanced Searchingand Evaluating the Results page 142Back to Table of Contents
7Introduction to Library Research and Information Literacy This presentation will introduce you to the principles of information literacy and serve as a guide to the research process at the Criss Library at UNO.This presentation will also provide an overview of the Criss Library Catalog, electronic indexes and databases, and the World Wide Web.Back to table of contents
8What Is Information Literacy? The American Library Association defines information literacy as the set of skills needed to:Recognize the need for informationAccess appropriate resourcesEvaluate information/sourcesUse information effectivelyUnderstand ethical/legal restrictionsWhere is this message?
9Why Is Information Literacy Important? To succeed in your classes at UNOTo navigate the complex world of informationTo make the most effective and efficient use of your time in the libraryTo improve and expand your research skills
10Who Needs To Be Information Literate? We all do!UndergraduatesGraduatesCommunity membersFaculty
11Back to table of contents Define a TopicWhere do you begin?Your first step in beginning your research is to define your topic by asking yourself what it is that you want to write your paper about.Has there been a current news or radio broadcast that has caught your attention?Have you, your friends or family experienced something that you would like to write about?Back to table of contents
12Define a TopicYou’ve brainstormed and determined a subject that you’d like to write about.Now it is time to create an arguable thesis.An example from a first year English class:“Displays of the Ten Commandments in publicbuildings should be prohibited because theyviolate the separation of church and state.”
13Back to Table of Contents Define a TopicWhat are the key terms in this arguable thesis, and what is the order of importance?“Displays of the Ten Commandments in public buildings should be prohibited because they violate the separation of church and state.”“Ten Commandments” would be the main idea“Public buildings” would be second“Church and state” would be third“Violation” would be fourthBack to Table of Contents
14Sources and Types of Information Now that you understand how to define a topic, we will examine which sources of information are best for finding the following types of information:CurrentBackgroundScholarlyOpinion-basedStatisticalBack to Table of Contents
15Which Sources are Best for Which Type of Information? Current refers to only the most recentdevelopments on the topic, publishedwithin the last year or so.For current information, the best sources are:JournalsMagazinesNewspapers
16Which Sources are Best for Which Type of Information? Background refers to general information, often brief, and with a historical perspective.For background information, the best sources are:Books
17Which Sources are Best for Which Type of Information? Scholarly refers to the in-depth study of a subject or topic, peer-reviewed and scholarly.For scholarly information, the best sources are:BooksJournals
18Which Sources are Best for Which Type of Information? Opinion-based refers to a judgment by a person who may or may not be an expert on the topic; the bias of the author is used to sway the opinion of the reader.For opinion-based information, the best sources are:MagazinesNewspapersThe Web
19Which Sources are Best for Which Type of Information? Statistical refers to numerical data that may be raw or analyzed (interpreted numbers).For statistical information, the best sources are:Sources specializing in statistics (i.e. the U. S. Census)Research studiesGovernment documents
20Characteristics of Information Sources We will now examine the various information sources and their characteristics.BooksJournalsMagazinesNewspapersGovernment DocumentsStatisticsWorld Wide WebBack to Table of Contents
21Characteristics of Books Books can provide an in-depth treatment of a topic or an aspect of a topic.Books can also provide a broad overview or historical perspective on a topic.Books may not be as timely as the information found in magazines, journals or other periodicals.
22Characteristics of Periodicals The word “periodical” refers to items that are published “periodically.” Journals, magazines, and newspapers are all examples of periodicals.Let’s look at each type of periodical separately.JournalsMagazinesNewspapers
23Characteristics of Periodicals JournalsJournals are published more frequently, and the information is more current than that found in books.Journals are sometimes referred to as scholarly, peer-reviewed, or refereed journals; they are written to present results of research or thorough study of a topic.Journals usually contain fewer commercial advertisements than popular magazines.Articles are often lengthy (7-10 pages or more) and are usually written by the person who conducted the research.
24Characteristics of Periodicals Journals (continued)Articles published have been evaluated by an editorial board of experts before they appear in print.Sources of information are always indicated in some manner, whether it be footnotes, endnotes, works cited page, or a bibliography.Articles may contain charts, tables and/or graphs.Journals may be published monthly or quarterly.
25Characteristics of Magazines Also known as popular magazines as they are designed to appeal to a broad audience.Usually printed on glossy paper and may contain many advertisements.May include opinion and/or current events.
26Characteristics of Magazines Magazines (continued)Articles usually less than 5 pages in length.Usually do not include bibliographies.Published very frequently, often weekly.
27Characteristics of Newspapers Provide the most current information of the three types of periodicals.Published daily or weekly.Not considered as scholarly as a journal article
28Characteristics of Newspapers Newspapers (continued)Intended to communicate the news rather than provide in-depth research.Considered a “primary source” as events are recorded /reported at the time they occur.Present information in a short, concise manner.
29Characteristics of Government Documents Are items published under the authority of a governmental agency.Can be considered primary source material.Can be produced at local, state, and federal government levels – municipal (city), county, state legislature, or federal agencies such as the U. S. Congress or Department of Education.
30Characteristics of Statistical Information Contains data that may be presented in the form of tables or charts and may not include narrative passages.Are often compilations of data from a variety of separate resources.Currency of the data varies depending upon the source of the data.End of Part IBack to Table of Contents
31Characteristics of the Web World Wide WebOffers a variety of current, historical, research, secondary, and primary information.Currency of the information depends upon the author of the page or site–-some are updated daily, while others are not kept up-to-date.Accuracy/Authority always in question.
32Back to Table of Contents Evaluation CriteriaConsider these points when evaluating books, periodicals, articles, web pages, newspapers, etc.AccuracyAuthorityObjectivityCurrency or TimelinessCoverage or ScopeBack to Table of Contents
33Criteria for Evaluating Information “Accuracy describes information that is factually irrefutable and complete.”“Consider the editing and publishing policy of the source: Is it peer-reviewed?”You should be able to verify factually correct information.“Are there two or more reliable sources that provide the same information?”
34Criteria for Evaluating Information “Authority refers to the expertise or recognized official status of a source.”“Consider the reputation of the author and the publisher.”“When working with legal or government information, consider whether the source is the official provider of the information.”“Authors recognized as experts amongst their peers are usually cited and reviewed in the literature” and should be verifiable.
35Criteria for Evaluating Information “Objectivity is the bias or opinion expressed when a writer interprets or analyzes facts.”Is the author using persuasive language?Is the author presenting other viewpoints, providing the reader with a balanced point of view?Is the reason for presenting the information clear?Is something being advertised?Is the author wanting to influence change?
36Criteria for Evaluating Information “Currency or timeliness refers to information that is current at the time of publication.”“Consider publication, creation, and revision dates”--are they apparent in the information?“Beware of Web site scripting that automatically reflects the current day’s date on a page.”
37Criteria for Evaluating Information Coverage or scope “refers to the extent to which a source explores a topic.”“Does the information cover the period of time of interest to you?”What is included?“What is excluded?”
38The Criss Library Homepage The Library homepage URL isYou will find links to:Research ToolsServicesCollectionsAbout the LibraryHelpAsk a LibrarianStart of Part IIBack to Table of Contents
39The Library Homepage: Layout and Services The library homepage includes function buttonsfor Research Tools, Services, About theLibrary, Help, Ask a Librarian, and the LibraryCatalog.
40Link to Research Tools Click the Research Tools function button to search the Library Catalog,find articles in databases, use theLocate Journals service, use theResearch Wizard, search area librarycatalogs, and access SCOLA, etc.
41Link to Services — Organized by Patron Type Click here for information about Services. Theinformation is organized by patron type. Selectyour patron type to find information about avariety of Criss Library services.
42Link to Collections Click here to learn more about the various Criss Library Collections, such as theAfghanistan Collection, University Archives, etc.
43About the Library About the Library will provide “nuts and bolts” information including library hours, maps, parking,contacts and library directory, etc.
44Help Link The Help page will provide an FAQ link for more information about library services andresources, as well as directions, maps andparking information.
45Ask a Librarian Reference Service 24/7 You can ask reference questions any hourof the day or night. This page will provideinformation on how to call us, ask by ,or ask via Instant Messaging (IM) via Meebo.
46The Library Catalog Links Click the Library Catalog links to searchfor items held in the library’s collection.Select the Advanced Catalog Searchlink for more precise results.
47Key Access Points for Beginning Research The library homepage includes access points tothe Library Catalog, Databases, Locate Journalsservice, and the Internet.The following slides will help you navigate theselinks and services.
48Back to Table of Contents Access ToolsWhat is an access tool?An access tool is used to locate different types of information.We will examine four access tools:Criss Library Catalog (for books, journals, media, etc.)Indexes or Databases (for scholarly, peer-reviewed and other articles)Locate Journals service (to find full-text access to articles in print or electronic sources)Search Engines (ex. Google for web sites)Back to Table of Contents
49The Criss Library Catalog Let’s start our investigation of access tools with a look at the Criss Library Catalog.The Criss Library Catalog is the tool that will help you find the items held in our collection:BooksPeriodicalsMedia (music CD’s, DVD’s, videos)Reference materialsGovernment DocumentsBack to Table of Contents
50The Criss Library Catalog The Library Catalog will tell you:What materials we hold in our collectionWhere the item is located in the libraryWhat the status of the item is – available, checked out, reserve, library use only, etc.What periodicals are on the shelves (and sometimes, links to electronic databases that index that periodical)
51The Criss Library Catalog A word about periodicalsRemember that the Library Catalog will tell you what periodicals we subscribe to in print (sometimes including an electronic link to a database), but to get at the citation or content of the journals, you must look in a print or electronic index.
52Search the University Library Catalog Search options include:Quick Search – keywordAdvanced Search – Boolean operators, truncation, and proximityJournal TitleSubject – Library of Congress Subject HeadingsAuthorTitleOther search options – LCSH, SuDocs, etc.Back to Table of Contents
53Quick SearchType your search term here to perform a quick keyword catalog search from the library omepage.Click on the Advanced Catalog Search link for more options.
54Advanced Search Other options include searching by title, author, subject, journals,reserves and databases.Advanced searching helps you retrieve moreprecise results by combining terms with Booleanoperators, such as AND, OR or AND NOT.It also allows for searching by material type,location, language, date range, etc.
55Advanced Search: Boolean Operators Boolean operators are used to narrow or expand searches. They include the words, AND, OR, and AND NOT.AND“AND" narrows searchesExample: love and marriage results will show only items with both terms in search fields
56Advanced Search: Boolean Operators Boolean logic is used to narrow or expand searches.OR“OR" expands searchesExample: love or marriage Results will show items with either term in search fieldsParentheses can be used around Boolean operators to group similar concepts.Example: (college or university)
57Advanced search: Boolean Operators Boolean logic is used to narrow or expand searches.AND NOT“AND NOT" removes termsExample: love and not marriage results will show items with "love" that do not refer to "marriage”
58Advanced Search: Truncation Allows asterisks to the right of a word fragment:One asterisk will look for 1-5 more charactersTwo asterisks will look for as many letters as necessary to complete the wordExamples: indiv* will find individual indiv** will find individual, individualism, individuality, etc.
59Advanced Search: Proximity Two ways to find words near each other:Use "near" to find words in any order Example: church near stateUse “within #” to find words within a specified number rangeExample: Church within 3(#) words of State would retrieve results with the words church and state in any order within 3 words of one another.
60Search the Criss Library Catalog BooksBooks may provide a more in-depth or historical understanding of the topic but may not be as current as a journal article.Circulating books are shelved on the third floor.Reference books are shelved behind the reference desk.
61Search the Criss Library Catalog PeriodicalsRefers to items published “periodically” such as:JournalsMagazinesNewspapersFormats for periodicals might include:Microfiche or microfilmPrintElectronic
62Search the Criss Library Catalog MediaOther materials are held in the library besides books and periodicals.The Criss Library has a musical score collection, a video/DVD collection, and a CD collection.The Archives and Special Collections also has materials related to UNO history and other specialized collections for use in the library.
63Search the Criss Library Catalog Reference MaterialsThe Reference Department holds materials that are non-circulating but are for use in the library.Dictionaries, encyclopedias, reference volumes, almanacs, print indexes, and other items are available here.
64Search the Criss Library Catalog Government DocumentsThe Criss Library is a designated depository of materials printed by the U. S. Printing Office.Items are located on the first floor, and most documents may be checked out just like books.Items declared “non-circulating” include certain reference items (e.g. decennial census summary reports or special collections materials such as the Congressional Record).
65Search for Reserves and Electronic Reserves Your instructors may place items on reserve for your class, which means they are set aside in some manner to allow for convenient access for your class.Items may be held at the Circulation Desk or placed on E-reserves--an electronic link available to you via a password that your teacher should provide.
66Search for Reserves and Electronic Reserves Click on the Services function button to findmaterials placed on Reserve.Select your “patron type” (ex. UNO Student)and scroll down the page until you findReserves & Electronic Reserves.Reserve materials may be in print, electronic,or streaming audio format and may besearched by course name or instructor.End of Part IIBack to Table of Contents
67Electronic Indexes and Databases The Criss Library Catalog vs. Electronic Indexes and DatabasesWe mentioned earlier that the Library Catalog provides information on the journal holdings in our collection but not on the specific content of the journals.To access the content of journals, we must search in a electronic database or in a print or electronic index.Start of Part IIIBack to Table of Contents
68Electronic Indexes and Databases The Library Homepage provides several access points for locating databases.The Alphabetical List in the catalog is one option.You may also search in the section Find Articles in Databases either by subject or full list.You may also click on the Top 10 Databases list.
69Access Points for Electronic Indexes and Databases Find databases usingthe library catalog.by subject link
70Access Points – Database Links Several options for locating databases bytitle are available through the Criss LibraryCatalog, including an alphabetical list,a subject list and the new Top 10Databases list.
71Access Points – by Subject Click on this drop-down menu to searchfor a database by the subject or discipline.
72Access Points – by Subject A new option exists for locating databases bysubject or discipline through the CrissLibrary Catalog. I’ve selected History as mysubject area or discipline and a list of apro-priate databases is provided. Each databasehas a description with dates of coverage.
73Access Points – by Subject After clicking on the subject list for History, youwill find the list of suggested databases recom-mended for research in history.
74Access Points – by Subject List By clicking on the link to the database JSTOR,you will be directed to the JSTOR homepage.
75Access Points – by Alphabetical List By typing in the letter “h” on the alphabeticallist, you will be directed to the database namesthat begin with the letter “h”.
76Access Points – by Top 10 Databases Click on these links to search through anabbreviated list of the ten most frequentlyaccessed databases at the Criss Library.EBSCO’s Academic Search Premier andLexis-Nexis Academic are listed here.
77Electronic Indexes and Databases The Criss Library subscribes to over 100 electronic indexes and databases.The Criss Library has databases that provide a general overview of a broad range of topics as well as some that are more subject specific and in-depth.We will examine two general databases: Academic Search Premier for journal articles and Lexis Nexis for newspaper articles.Back to Table of Contents
78Electronic Indexes and Databases Academic Search Premier andLexis Nexis AcademicWe will now focus our attention on two important databases:Academic Search Premier for journal articlesLexis Nexis Academic for newspaper articles
79Electronic Indexes and Databases Academic Search PremierAcademic Search Premier is the world’s largest academic multi-disciplinary database.Academic Search Premier provides full text for nearly 4,700 publications, including full text for more than 3,600 peer-reviewed journals.
80Electronic Indexes and Databases Academic Search PremierPDF back files to 1975 or earlier are available for well over one hundred journals, and searchable cited references are provided for more than 1,000 titles.This database is updated on a daily basis via EBSCOhost.databases provided to us through EBSCO.
81Academic Search Premier: How to Access It To access Academic Search Premier from the library homepage, select one of the following access points:Alphabetical ListSubject ListTop 10 Databases List
82Academic Search Premier: Several Access Options Click on “A” in the Alphabetical List, tofind the link for the database AcademicSearch Premier.
83Academic Search Premier: Several Access Options Click on “E” for EBSCO in the AlphabeticalList to find the vendor for the databaseAcademic Search Premier.
84Academic Search Premier: Several Access Options By clicking on the link to EBSCO Connect,you will find Academic Search Premierlisted as the second option under allEBSCO Indexes.
85Academic Search Premier: How to Access Click here to accessAcademic Search Premier.
86Academic Search Premier: The Interface Type your search terms here.The EBSCO interface: noticethe database name.
87Academic Search Premier: A Sample Search Type your search terms here.
88Academic Search Premier Searching in Academic Search PremierAs you see in the previous search, I used the terms, “church,” “state,” and “ten commandments.”The Boolean operators are already set as a default to “AND.”The following screen will show other search options.
89Academic Search Premier: Search Options Notice search field options
90Academic Search Premier: Boolean Operators Notice Boolean operators(and, or and not) to refineyour search.
91Academic Search Premier: Limiting Results Local Titles means UNOsubscribes to the journal.Full Text means either links tofull text, or HTML and/or PDFdocuments available.Scholarly (Peer Reviewed)Journals means you areselecting research articles.
92Academic Search Premier: Limiting Results Academic Search Premier search hintsYour instructor will often ask that you find “peer-reviewed,” “scholarly,” or “research” articles.Academic Search Premier allows you to limit your results to include only the “scholarly” (peer-reviewed) journals.You may also see the distribution of articles retrieved from the different categories of periodicals--“Academic Journals,” “Magazines,” and “Newspapers.”
93Academic Search Premier: Periodical Options You may click on either periodicaloption to limit your results to thattype of periodical (academic journals,magazines or newspapers.Result list
94Academic Search Premier: Available Full Text Formats This record shows the article isavailable in three formats: LinkedFull Text, HTML Full Text, and PDFFull Text.Clicking on the UNO Subscribeslink will show the Library Catalogrecord.
95Academic Search Premier: Available Full Text Formats HTML Full TextThe HTML Full Text option will be a text version of the document but is not a scanned image of the original.HTML Full Text files are smaller than PDF documents and require less memory if ing or saving to a disk or other storage space.
96Academic Search Premier: Available Full Text Formats PDF Full TextThe PDF version is a scanned image of the document. The item will appear just as it looks in the original print journal or magazine.PDF files are large and require a lot of memory.PDF files require Adobe Reader to open.
97Academic Search Premier: Available Full Text Formats UNO Subscribes:The UNO Subscribes link indicates that the Criss Library subscribes to this journal in print, and the link will direct you to the Library Catalog record.It does not guarantee that the volume/issue you are seeking is available as the subscription may have stopped.It is important that you note the date, volume, and issue numbers of your citation in order to determine if the library holds the item you need.
98Academic Search Premier: Evaluating Your Result List Academic Search Premier resultsWhat can you tell about the results retrieved in this search?Are they relevant to the topic?Are they current?What types of journals are they appearing in? Scholarly? Popular? Newspapers?What about the author’s bias? Is it apparent?
99Electronic Indexes and Databases Lexis Nexis AcademicThis database includes nearly 5,000 publications including newspapers, newsletters, magazines, wire services, federal and state court opinions, federal and state statutes, federal regulations, law reviews and SEC filings.Lexis Nexis indexes the Omaha World-Herald.Lexis Nexis is primarily full-text.Back to Table of Contents
100Electronic Indexes and Databases Lexis Nexis AcademicTo access Lexis Nexis from the library homepage, select one of the following access points:Alphabetical ListSubject ListTop 10 Databases List
101Lexis Nexis: How to Access Click on the letter “L” to access Lexis NexisAcademic from the Alphabetical List .
102Lexis Nexis – How to Access Click here to access Lexis NexisAcademic from the AlphabeticalList. Notice other Lexis Nexis options.
103Lexis Nexis – How to Access Click here to access Lexis Nexisfrom the Top 10 Databases list.
104Lexis Nexis: The Interface The Lexis Nexis interface
105Lexis Nexis: Power Search Click here for Power Search. ThePower Search option will allow us torefine our search strategy to retrievemore relevant results .
107Lexis Nexis Use Lexis Nexis Power Search for more targeted searching: Lexis Nexis requires that you complete three steps.Enter search terms (terms and connectors or natural language)Select sourcesSpecify dates
108Lexis Nexis: Search Options Enter search terms here
109Lexis Nexis: Search Options To find out more about connectors, clickon the View Connectors link. It will describehow to refine your search using terms like and,or and “and not” (Boolean operators) as well asother ways to retrieve the most relevant results.
110Lexis Nexis: Search Options Clicking on the View Connectorslink will pull up this page. It explainshow to develop a search strategy.You can review Boolean Searching(and, or and “and not”) and learn aboutother proximity commands that mayhelp you refine your search.Select from the list ofavailable search options.
111Lexis Nexis: Search Options Click on the link Add keywords(Index Terms) to find the mostappropriate terms for your search.
112Lexis Nexis: Search Options Click on Add keywords (Index Terms) to see howthe keyword or keywords you selected are categorizedin Lexis Nexis. The categories are Company, Industry,Subject, and Geography with a default of All terms.When I type in the word “Church,” I retrieve companieswith the name “Church,” affiliated church industries,and the subject heading “church” including a link for“Church and State”.
113Lexis Nexis: Search Options The drop-down menu allows you to selectfrom the list of available source optionsincluding local, regional, national andinternational news and wire services.
114Lexis Nexis: Search Options Select a specific date or daterange to narrow your search.You may search for itemspublished as recently as today,or as far back as the late 1970’s.
115Lexis Nexis: A Sample Search I entered the search terms, “church,” “state,” and “ten commandments” from U.S. Newspapers and Wires within the previous month.
116Lexis Nexis: A Sample Search Clicking on the link Show will allow you to select what section of the document will be searched, such as body, headline, dateline, etc. This is useful when you need to broaden or narrow your result list.
117Lexis Nexis: A Result List Clicking on the drop-down menu will allow you to select other viewing options. They include List, Expanded List, Full Doc-ument, Full with Indexing, KWIC and Custom. (Custom will not be covered in this presentation.)Here is a sample document result list.
118Lexis Nexis: Expanded List Option An example of the Expanded List option.
119Lexis Nexis: Full Document Here is the full text of an article.
120Lexis Nexis: Full with Indexing Notice the search terms appear in redin the article. This happens when weSelect the options Full Document andFull with Indexing.
121Lexis Nexis: KWIC Option Select KWIC to see keywordsIn context.
122Lexis Nexis: Delivery Options Lexis Nexis provides several delivery options.Lexis Nexis allows you to print either citations or full articles.Lexis Nexis allows you to citations or full articles.Lexis Nexis allows you to save citations or full text articles.Lexis Nexis allows you to export bibliographic references to Refworks.
123Lexis Nexis: Delivery Options By clicking on the different icons, you canprint, , save or export bibliographicreferences.
124Lexis Nexis: Print Option Click on the print icon and a new windowopens to prepare your print job.
125Lexis Nexis: E-mail Option Click on the icon anda new window opens to allowyou to send the document orcitation via .
126Lexis Nexis: Save Option Click on the save icon and a newwindow opens to allow you todownload the document orcitation.
127Lexis Nexis: Export Bibliographic Citation Option Click on the book icon and a newwindow opens to allow you todirectly export your citation intoRefworks.
128Locate Journals Service Another service the Criss Library provides is the Locate Journals service. Locate Journals shows where journals are available full-text (electronically or in print).Locate Journals allows you toSearch for journal titlesDetermine if journals are available electronically and/or in printDetermine if and where journals are available in full text
129Locate Journals Service Enter a journal name to findout where the journal isavailable in full text.You may search by title, ISSNnumber, alphabetically, or bySubject.Back to Table of Contents
130Locate Journals Service: A Sample Search Note the default selection option, “Titlebegins with.” I have typed in the searchbox the search terms, “Church and State.”
131Locate Journals Service: A Result Page Our search using the default selection option,“Title begins with” and the search terms,“Church and State,” retrieved one record.We can see from the record that the item isavailable in the Criss Library Catalog andfrom 06/01/1996 to present in the electronicdatabase Academic Search Premier.
132Locate Journals Service: A Sample Search Locate Journals may be searched by known or unknown titlesIn the previous search, I typed in the terms “church and state,” and one journal appeared in my result list.Note that coincidentally, Church and State is also the actual name of a journal.You may type in a known title or words of a title as well.Locate Journals will tell you where the journal is indexed and in what format(s) it is available.
133Locate Journals Service: A Result Page When you select the option, Title containsall words, and you type in the words, “Churchand State,” you retrieve two results.The first journal title is Church & State and thesecond is the Journal of Church and State.Although these titles are similar, they are differentjournals. Note that they are both available from theCriss Library and Academic Search Premier butonly Journal of Church and State is available throughWilsonOmniFile Full Text Select.Note the coverage dates
134Locate Journals Service: A Result Page When you select the option, Title equals,and type in the words, “Church and State,”you retrieve one result for the journal titleChurch & State. Avoid ampersands whenyou are creating a search string.
135Locate Journals Service: A Result Page This record provides the journalInformation for Church & State.
136Locate Journals Service: Full Text Access Link Notice the option to search within aparticular publication issue.Result page for the electronicversion of the journal Churchand State indexed in the data-base, Academic Search Premier.
137Locate Journals Service: Print Holdings Access Link The result page for the print versionof the journal Church and Statein the Criss Library Catalog.
138Back to Table of Contents A Brief ReviewLibrary ResourcesSo far, we have looked at the Criss Library Catalog, Electronic Indexes and Databases, and the Locate Journals Service.These resources are helpful for finding books and periodical articles in journals and newspapers.Back to Table of Contents
139A Brief Review (continued) Library ResourcesThe Criss Library subscribes to electronic resources that we access through the Internet.These resources are paid for with student fees and other funding and are not available remotely to people unaffiliated with UNO.What is contained within the indexes has been handpicked by the index providers and may have originated in print format.End of Part IIIBack to Table of Contents
140World Wide Web: Pros and Cons What is the World Wide Web?The pros…The World Wide Web is made up of billions of web pages on a very wide variety of topics.The Web can be a good source of information for some topics and some types of information, particularly current information.Start of Part IVBack to Table of Contents
141World Wide Web: An Introduction What is the World Wide Web?The cons…The World Wide Web is not the best source for all information.Anyone can create and post Web pages on anything s/he wants whether they are an expert in the field or a fifth grader.No one is monitoring the credibility or accuracy of the information posted.
142World Wide Web: Evaluation Criteria In addition to the previously discussed evaluation criteria--accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency/timeliness, and coverage/scope, remember to consider closely the following points:Audience – Who is the intended audience--a student, a political party member, a consumer, someone familiar/unfamiliar with the topic?Purpose – Why has this page been created--promotion, commerce, scholarly work, personal expression, other?Back to Table of Contents
143World Wide Web Search Engines A search engine is a tool primarily used to locate information on the Web.Similar to the indexes we looked at earlier, search engines can be general or subject-specific.
144Back to Table of Contents World Wide Web: GoogleWe will now take a moment to look at a few sites that might relate to the topic of “separation of church and state and the ten commandments in public buildings.”We’ll use Google for our search.We’ll skip to the Advanced Search option.Our initial search terms will be “church and state” and “separation” and “ten commandments.”Back to Table of Contents
145World Wide Web: Google Skip this interface page and click on the AdvancedSearch Interface page.
146World Wide Web: Google’s Advanced Search Page Find results by entering searchterms or phrases here – noticeyour choices.Back to Table of Contents
147World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search A sample search
148World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Notice the URL of each result.Does it indicate a possible bias?In this search, many of the URL’shave a religious or political tagindicating a possible bias in thecontent.Be aware of this!
149World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Notice the URL of each result.What is the domain name in theURL? Is it a .com site., a .org site,a .gov site, a .net site? What doesthat tell you? Here is an exampleof a pbs.org site, a news site forpublic broadcasting.Be aware of this!
150World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Here is the pbs.org site. What doyou notice in this site? Is there anyindication of the author or publisherof the site? What about the accuracy,authority, objectivity, currency, coveragepurpose and audience?
151World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results The site is presenting an interview withJudge Roy Moore, the Alabama judge whowas removed from office for defying a federalcourt ruling to remove the monument of theTen Commandments from the courthouse.
152World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results The site is also presenting anopposing side to Judge Roy Moore,the Reverend Barry Lynn, from thegroup Americans United for theSeparation of Church and State.
153World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Scrolling down the pbs.org site,the site lists the financial sponsors,another helpful piece of informationin evaluating the point of view of a site.How would you evaluate this site?
154World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Here is another site with the URL:Does the URL provide a clue to thecontent? From what you see here, whatcan you find out about the author of thissite?
155World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Understanding the limits of a PowerPoint presentation, what else canyou learn about this site from whatyou see here? Remember to considerthe purpose, authority, scope andaudience as you research sites.
156World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results To find the author for this site, I had toscroll down to the bottom of the page.Does the author appear to be a scholar?A student? A politician? A citizen?
157World Wide Web: Google Advanced Search Results Here is the author’s homepage. How would you evaluatewhether to use this site in yourResearch?
158World Wide WebNo single Power Point presentation can illustrate the complexities of evaluating the vast amount of material on the web.You now have criteria to consider that will help you make sense of it. Remember:Accuracy, Authority, Objectivity, Currency, Coverage, Audience and Purpose
159Back to Table of Contents ConclusionThis presentation has guided you through the library resources by type and access tools available to you for your research.Our hope is that you will become critical and confident users of information.GOOD LUCK!For more information or assistance, contact the Criss Library Reference Desk at (402)End of Part IVEnd of PresentationBack to Table of Contents