Presentation on theme: "How to support students, parents and co-workers"— Presentation transcript:
1How to support students, parents and co-workers LGBTQ 101How to support students, parents and co-workers
2TerminologyWhat in the world are all those letters for??
3Definitions:LGBTQ: Abbreviation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer. Also seen as GLBTQ and is inclusive of all backgroundsLesbian: A term given to females who are attracted sexually and emotionally to some other females.Gay: A term typically given to males who are attracted sexually and emotionally to some other males.The term Gay might apply to both males and females depending on context or even the conversationBisexual: A term given to people who are attracted sexually and emotionally to some males and some females.
4Transgender: A umbrella term describing the state of a person’s gender identity which does not necessarily match the gender they were assigned at birth.Other words commonly used are female-to-male (FTM), male-to-female (MTF), cross-dresser, drag queen and king, and genderqueer.Transgender people may or may not decide to alter their bodies hormonally and/or surgically.Note: Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation.
5Queer: Term used to refer to LGB and often T people Queer: Term used to refer to LGB and often T people. Some use queer as an alternative to gay to be more inclusive, as it does not convey a sense of gender.Has had derogatory meaning in the past; recently been reclaimed by many (especially youth) as a positive term
6Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Sexual Orientation: preferred term used when referring to an individual's physical and/or emotional attraction to the same and/or opposite gender. "Heterosexual," "bisexual" and "homosexual" are all sexual orientations.Gender Identity: refers to all of the external characteristics and behaviors that are socially defined as either masculine or feminine, such as dress, grooming, mannerisms, speech patterns and social interactions.Everyone has a sexual orientation AND a gender identity
7Romantic & Sexual Attractions Sexual OrientationSexual Orientation:Romantic & Sexual Attractionsstraight bisexual gay/lesbianSexual Behavior:Sexual Experiencesopposite sex both sexes same sex
8Biological Sex: Assigned at Birth Gender IdentityBiological Sex: Assigned at Birthmale intersex femaleGender Identity: person’s sense of selfman genderqueer womanGender Expression: what is portrayed outwardlymasculine androgynous feminine
9People identify in a variety of ways: Biological SexMaleFemaleIntersexGender IdentityManWomanAndrogynousGender QueerGender ExpressionMasculineFeminineBiological SexMaleFemaleIntersexGender IdentityManWomanAndrogynousGender QueerGender ExpressionMasculineFeminine
11Startling statistics about LGBTQ students: 72% of students hear homophobic remarks (faggot, dyke) frequently or often at school.42% of students felt unsafe at school because of their gender expression.61% of students felt unsafe at school because of their sexual orientation.Sadly, homophobia and heterosexism are still very much present in many of our schools and communities.Creating inclusive curriculum and establishing accepting classroom and school climates improves the educational experience for all students, families and teachers.
12Transgendered students: 55% of transgendered youth report being physically abused based on their gender identity or expression.74% of transgendered youth report being verbally harassed based on their gender identity or expression.More than 50% of transgender students attempt suicide.
13In our own backyard:In 2013: A 6-year-old transgendered student in Fountain, CO was at the center of a civil-rights controversy. Coy was born a boy but lives life as a girl. From Eagleside Elementary School, “Coy was born a male and at least some of the parents and students are likely to become uncomfortable with his continued use of the girls' restroom.”The decision marks the first ruling in the nation holding that transgender students must be allowed to use bathrooms that match the gender with which they identify, and the most comprehensive ruling ever supporting the rights of transgender people to access bathrooms without harassment or discrimination.
14Statistics about LGBTQ co-workers: The majority of LGBTQ workers (51%) hide their identities to most of their coworkers.58% of LGBTQ workers say someone at work makes a joke or derogatory comment about LGBT people at least once in a while.For many LGBTQ individuals, the work environment is fraught with anxiety. Derogatory comments go unchecked, exclusive language is used in workplace communications and energy that could be spent on working and creating healthy relationships with coworkers is instead spent on maintaining barriers, avoiding social events and learning how to answer questions about their home lives evasively.
15Laws in Colorado: SB 08-200: Colorado Anti-Discrimination Act In May 2008, Colorado expanded its anti-discrimination law to include protections based on sexual orientation and gender identity.This law protects LGBTQ students and adults from harassment and discrimination in schools across Colorado.HB : Anti-Bullying LegislationIn May 2011, Colorado became the 13th state to pass an anti-bullying law that includes race, religion, disability, sex, sexual orientation and gender identity.
16RESPONDING TO QUESTIONS ABOUT LGBTQ TOPICS Teachable moments
17When talking with a first-grader? When talking with a fifth-grader? “What does ‘gay’ mean?”You overhear a student say, “That’s gay.”Can two boys or two girls get married?You overhear a child say, “Gay people are bad.”
18ABOUT FAMILIES WITH GAY OR LESBIAN PARENTS How can she have two moms? Which one is the real one?She has two dads? How is that possible? Don’t you need a man and a woman to have a baby?My grandma says it’s wrong for two men to get married.
19QUESTIONS OR STATEMENTS FROM PARENTS/GUARDIANS OR COLLEAGUES Aren’t the students too young to talk about gay topics? (from a colleague or parent/guardian)I don’t want my child to think that being gay is an OK option for them.My religion teaches that it is wrong to be gay.Aren’t all male elementary teachers gay? (I don’t want a male kindergarten teacher as they might be gay.)
21Curriculum must be LGBTQ inclusive starting in elementary school for the following reasons: All students should feel that they and their family are included in their school communityThe relationship of young children to their family is central to understanding “who they are”Students learn more effectively when they see themselves reflected in the curriculum
22Students’ perception of school/teacher support is directly tied to their academic performance Pressure to conform to gender roles can limit social and academic developmentName-calling and bullying have a negative impact on academic outcomes
23How to make an inclusive classroom: Use inclusive languageUse precise terms like Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Questioning (LGBTQ).Use terms like partner instead of boyfriend and girlfriend or husband and wife. Or grownup instead of mom and dad.Never tolerate abusive language in your classroom or in the hallsLanguage like, “That’s so gay” or “You’re such a fag” is common in schools, and it actively creates an unsafe environment for LGBTQ students and LGBTQ Allies.Don’t simply be punitive with hurtful language. Instead, explain why it is not welcome and is hurtful. This helps students understand why they shouldn’t use the language rather than just making them avoid using it around you.
24Have books and other material that includes ALL types of families. See resource list on intern website.Recognize that you’re not an expert. You will make mistakes and occasionally be insensitive.Humble yourself and apologize where necessary; learn from your mistakes, and always try to broaden your understanding of LGBTQ issues so you can best support all of your students.What else can you do???