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Identification of children in homeless situations.

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Presentation on theme: "Identification of children in homeless situations."— Presentation transcript:

1 identification of children in homeless situations

2 San Antonio, Texas  County with 17 different school districts  San Antonio ISD  Inner city school district  third largest in the county: 54,000  93% economically disavantaged  Home to 20 different sites that house children temporarily  Rank among the largest in the county to enroll children in foster care  Tourist Mecca  Home to the famous River Walk  Home of The Alamo and several Historical Missions  Home to the REAL Mexican Food Restaurants  Home of the San Antonio Spurs; 5 time winner of the NBA Championship (Woohoo!)

3 San Antonio ISD Stats Nighttime Residency ( ) Shelter Doubled Up1,2552,3682,3141,721 Unsheltered Motel Total1,9543,2363,0662,500

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5 Session Agenda  McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act of A Definition  A simple Definition for people  Determining Homelessness – examples  Methodology of identification  Student Residency Questionnaires (SRQ)  Research & Evaluation  Shelter engagement  Neighboring School Districts  Students not enrolled

6 Session Goals  Understand the definition of homelessness based on law  Acquire practice in determining homelessness  Have more of an understanding of how to create partnerships in support of identification  Learning none traditional ways of identification using your own data

7 Understanding the law  Sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reason  Doubled-up or couch-surfing  75.5% of SAISD students during  Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds due to lack of adequate alternative accommodations  Motels: 2.4% of SAISD students during

8 Understanding the law  Living in emergency or transitional shelters  18.2% of SAISD students during  Living in a public or private place not designed for humans to live  Living in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings  3.8% SAISD students during  Awaiting foster care placement  What is your state’s interpretation related to foster and homelessness

9 Simple Definition If children live in:  Shelter (emergency or transitional)  Emergency (more than 27 shelters housing children in SAISD)  Transitional (shelter programs that house families up to 2 years)  Car, park, campground, trailer parks  Motel / Hotel  Awaiting foster care  Abandoned in hospitals  Multi-families living in one house due to loss of housing.  If doubled-up in following location – family is homeless  Section 8 housing  Courts / Projects  Any public housing opportunity (HUD supportive housing)  If doubled-up in personal homes  assessment needed for determination

10 Identification of students  Case by case situation  Individualized by student  Private conversation with the parent/guardian or person acting in the role of the parent or student  What basic information do you need?

11 Identification – most important  Implement the law  Shortest distance between 2 points (straight line)  Remove all the clutter!!  Get rid of all the baggage  Use only what you need to make the decision  Leave the baggage behind  What do I mean?

12 USDE: Nighttime Residency Codes  Code 1: Shelter  Code 2: Doubled up  Code 3: Unsheltered  Code 4: Hotel/Motel

13 Code 1 - Shelter  Do you have any shelters in your district area?  Churches that may have accommodate a family?  Do you have shelters for youth?  Do you know the people who work in those shelters?  Do you have their cell phones?  What schools are these shelters located in?  Do the schools know about them?  Which shelters offer transitional housing?  Do they have private homes as transitional housing?  Did you know that shelters are supposed to collaborate with the LEA homeless liaison to address educational needs of the children based on the HEARTH? (page 5)HEARTH  Do you have a shelter referral form?shelter referral form

14 Code 2 – Doubled Up  Living with others due to a lose of housing (catastrophic life event)  How complicated is to determine a lose when a family is doubled up?  How does your Student Residency Questionnaire (SRQ) help you?SRQ  Do you have control of updating/changing your SRQ?  How do you determine lose?  Just moved in from out of state  Is there a difference if a family suffers a lose in comparison to a youth suffering a lose?

15 Code 2 - Doubled Up  SAISD “Magical” Question:  What happened to the house/apartment where you used to live that brought you to this house/apartment?  What happened over there that brought you over here?  What kind of answers have you experienced?

16 scenarios

17 CPS took custody of a twelfth grader and placed her at the shelter. She was enrolled in the school where she is temporarily housed. A few of the student’s instructors at the previous school were advocating for this student saying “she has been doing so well and was one of the schools best students and leaders”. They said the student was devastated about having to move and enroll at another school. What are the student’s options?

18 Melissa Melissa is currently 17 years old, 12 th grader, 2 months pregnant and living with her mother. Mother finds out that student is pregnant and tells her “Now that you’re pregnant, you have to go live with your boyfriend. You made a decision to get pregnant so this is the consequence.” Student is upset because she does not want to live with boyfriend and boyfriend does not live in the district. She is afraid that she will have to transfer to a new school for her senior year.

19 Hector You speak with a young mother (25 years) who wants to enroll her child, Hector, a PK aged child. In speaking with her, she tells you that she has lived with her mother all her life and wants him child to go to school. She has been told that the household earns too much money to qualify for PK. In speaking further, she tells you that last year she went to live with her boyfriend (child’s father). She tells you that she could not stay with him because they could not live together.

20 Samantha You receive a phone from the school counselor about a 16 year old student who has left her mother’s house. In speaking with Samantha, she tells you that she is living with friends and has been like this for the past month. She also tells you that her mother keeps calling her to come home. She tells you that she does not like her mother’s house rules. She says her mother want her in the house by 10 pm every night. She wants to stay out until midnight.

21 LaToya A mother comes in with her 15 year old to enroll her in school where they are housed. The mother indicates that her teen daughter is in foster care. Mother indicates that she did not want to stay with her foster parent and instead she came to live with her mother at her mother’s home.

22 Code – 3 Unsheltered  Car, park, trailer, abandon building  Coloñias (neighborhoods)  No running water or electricity  Disconnected utilities?  Substandard housing  What does that look like?  How often do you use this code and for what purposes?

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33 Code 4 - Hotels/Motels  Ask the “magical” question: What happened to the house/apt where you used to live that brought you to this hotel/motel?  Do you have a listing of the low cost hotels in your district?  Do the managers have your contact information?  Is this choice listed in your SRQ as a possible residence?  Do you have families that live there in comparison to the ones that are there temporarily?  How can you tell the difference?

34 Scenario A family comes in for enrollment indicating that they live in a hotel. What do you need to know to support a homelessness determination? What if they tell you that they live there and have been there for the past several years?

35 identification methodologies

36 Technology Department  Research & Evaluation or Student data services  Inquire about how data reports are generated  How can you access student data and have reports generated based on the students you identify and/or serve  Be specific as to how you want the report to look like  Student name, ID, campus, etc.  SAISD sample SAISD sample

37 Transportation Requests  How do you monitor your transportation requests?  SAISD sample  Do you get requests from neighboring districts?  Can you identify who those children are?  SAISD sample SAISD sample  How will you know if some of these children enrolled in your district?  How do you keep track?

38 Shelter Requests  Do you have a shelter referral form?shelter referral form  Included in each shelter intake process  to program offices  What kinds of connections do you have with the shelters prior to the beginning of the school year?  Identify more than 200 before school starts  Did you know that shelters need documentation showing collaboration with LEAs?  How involved are you with your local CoC? IMPORTANT

39 PK Round UP Event  SAISD ensures enrollment for those identified given available space  identify more than 100 additional siblings  What are the PK qualifications for your state?  Homelessness  Foster  Have you trained you ECE staff?  Can they make determinations on their own? You need help with identification and you need your documentation!  When, in your district, does this event occur?  Integration, inclusion of homelessness issues  Set up a booth  Work with ECE to integrate the determination of homelessness in the process

40 Students not Enrolled  Identify students prior to enrollment  Don’t enroll  What do you do?  Work with your student data services people  Work at a system that will work individually for you at your district  SAISD currently – 14 students  Speak with the parent – follow up

41 United Way (Bexar Necesities)  system supporting basic needs of county residents  Hard to fulfill unique needs  Members of this system are:  Non profits  Churches  Shelters, etc.  Requests will identify families who may be homeless

42 do you have any other ideas that you use?

43 Thank You! M. Estella Garza, LMSW, SSWS Sr. Coordinator; Family & Student Support Services Homelessness, Foster Care, Social Work 1700 Tampico, Ste. 114 San Antonio, Texas –


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