Are You Smarter Than A Common Core 5 th Grader? Karen M. Beerer, Ed.D. Karen_beerer@discovery.com Discovery Education July, 2013
Karen M. Beerer, Ed.D. 28 years in public education: - classroom teacher- PD supervisor - reading specialist- curriculum director - building principal- assistant superintendent
5 TH Grade Algebra 4TH Grade Literature 4TH Grade Spelling 3rd Grade Science 3rd Grade Social Studies 1 st Grade Art 1 st Grade Language Arts Pick a Subject. Are You Smarter Than A Common Core 5 th Grader?
5 th Grade Environmental Science 5 th Grade Environmental Science As a politician, he began supporting environmental initiatives as early as 1962, though it wasn't until 1969 that the antiwar "teach-ins" he advocated inspired the grass- roots foundation of the first Earth Day. Who was this politician who founded Earth Day?
Skills and Knowledge Factual Knowledge Research Writing from Sources Presentation of Information Integration of Knowledge Technical Skills Collaboration
What skills and knowledge will Caiden need to be successful as an adult? “Leaders will have to be multilingual, flexible, internationally mobile and adaptable. But, most crucial of all, they must be highly collaborative and have strong conceptual and strategic thinking skills.” - Hay Group, “Building the New Leader,” Leadership for 2030
What skills and knowledge will Caiden need to be successful as an adult? “Digital literacy is imperative for America’s economic future and possessing these skills is absolutely essential for accessing the jobs and education opportunities that will enable current and future generations to compete in the 21 st century workforce.” …”in the U.S. today, more than 80 percent of Fortune 500 companies post their job openings online only and require online applications.” …”Fifty percent of today’s jobs require technology skills, and this percentage is expected to grow to 77 percent in the next decade.” Source: Mike Bolognini, July 1, 2013: Digital Literacy is Imperative for America’s Economic Future
Jobs That Will Boom In 2020 1.Data Crunching 2.Counseling and Therapy 3.Scientific Research 4.Computer Engineering 5.Veterinarians 6.Environmental and Conservation Science 7.Healthcare fields 8.Management 9.Finance 10.Entrepreneurship Source: Newman, R. “10 Businesses that Will Boom in 2020,” U.S. News, September 2012
Chief Information Officer Career Counselor Computerized 3 D Modeling Machinist Senior Technology Security Molecular Beam Epitaxy Technician and/or Engineer Epitaxial Engineer DNA Lab Technician Nano-Technician Endoscopy Technician Bio-Engineer Instrumentation Technician Intermediate Biomedical Engineer Technician Medical Ethicist Sarbanes-Oxley Auditor GEO Technical Technician Quality Process Engineer Fabrication Operator Wafer Optical Maintenance Technician Office Space Coordinator NOC Specialist (Fiber Optics Technician) Telecommunications Engineer Optical Manufacturing Technician Controls Technician Administrative Eligibility Specialist Computer Forensic Analyst What Are The New Jobs?
Key Questions How do we as educators ensure that all students achieve more rigorous standards? How do we as educators ensure that all students are not only smart Common Core fifth graders, but college and career ready graduates?
Students who are college and career ready… …become _________________________, effectively seeking out and using resources to assist them, including teachers, peers, and print and digital reference materials. …adapt their___________________in relation to audience, task, purpose, and discipline. …use relevant ____________________. …use technology and media _________________ and capably.
Students will… become self-directed learners, effectively seeking out and using resources to assist them, including teachers, peers, and print and digital reference materials. …establish a base of knowledge across a wide range of subject matter. …adapt their communication in relation to audience, task, purpose, and discipline. …be engaged and open-minded – but discerning – readers and listeners. …use relevant evidence. …use technology and media strategically and capably. …understand other perspectives and cultures. CCSS ELA, page 7
A Little CCSS Trivia: Can you guess which word appears in the ELA standards 122 times? Sources: 61 times Research: 57 times Evidence
The words “technology” “digital” and “multimedia” appear in the Common Core State Standards approximately ____ times.
Confirmed vs. Myth ? The CCSS Literacy Standards for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects are written for grades 6-12, so literacy standards in the subject areas do not apply to the elementary grades.
GRADE 2 STANDARD: 2.RI.3 Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text. GRADE 5 STANDARD: 5.RI.4 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.
Reading is critical to building knowledge in history/social studies as well as in science and technical subjects. College and career ready reading in these fields requires an appreciation of the norms and conventions of each discipline, such as the kinds of evidence used in history and science; an understanding of domain-specific words and phrases; an attention to precise details; and the capacity to evaluate intricate arguments, synthesize complex information, and follow detailed descriptions of events and concepts. STANDARDS FOR LITERACY IN HISTORY/SOCIAL STUDIES, SCIENCE, AND TECHNICAL SUBJECTS
CONTENT LITERACYDISCIPLINE LITERACY Seeks to uncover and teach strategies, routines, skills, language, and practices that can be applied universally to content area learning and are by definition generalizable to other domains (e.g., Faggella-Luby & Deshler, 2008) Seeks to uncover and teach the specialized strategies, routines, skills, language, or practices inherent in certain content areas that are not generalizable to other domains (Shanahan & Shanahan, 2008)
Publish - requiring deep consideration of audience, purpose, structure, text features, and format. Collaborate - forcing students to plan, adopt, adapt, rethink, and revise, all higher-level practices. Evaluate - necessitating that students make critical judgment calls about how information is presented and shared. Integrate - emphasizing design, and producing considerable cognitive load on a learner. Successful Implementation of CCSS Requires Students to:
Publish - requiring deep consideration of audience, purpose, structure, text features, and format. Collaborate - forcing students to plan, adopt, adapt, rethink, and revise, all higher-level practices. Evaluate - necessitating that students make critical judgment calls about how information is presented and shared. Integrate - emphasizing design, and producing considerable cognitive load on a learner. Successful Implementation of CCSS Requires Students to: http://tinyurl.com/toolsmap
http://www.symbaloo.com/mix/ccssmathtools Strategy #1: Use the best resources
CCSS Trivia Question: In working with teachers on the implementation of the Common Core, what is the most frequently asked question? Strategy #2: Know Thy Shift
What does this look like in my classroom… …and how is it different from what I have been doing?
On Common Ground with the Common Core Webinar Series
Shifting Practice [Adapted from Beers, 2012] Shift To This:If You Did This: 1. Frequent encounters w/complex texts1. Leveled texts (only) 2. Texts worthy of close attention2. Reading texts that have always been read 3. Balance of literary and Info texts3. Solely literature 4. Coherent sequences of texts4. Collection of unrelated texts 5. Mostly text-dependent questions5. Mostly text-to-self questions 6. Mainly evidence-based analyses6. Mainly writing without sources 7. Accent on academic vocabulary7. Accent on literary terminology 8. Emphasis on reading & re-reading8. Emphasis on pre-reading 9. Reading strategies (as means)9. Reading strategies (as end goal) 10. Reading foundations (central and integrated) 10. Reading foundations (peripheral and detached) I CAN describe the essential classroom elements of instruction to ensure all students meet the CCSS.
Snapshots of the Next Generation Assessments – Passage Length
Information About Assessment Texts and Tasks Indicates that Students Need: Experience reading “long” grade level or near grade level texts independently Strategies for dealing with grade level texts if they cannot read them independently Stamina and engagement
Information About Short-Answer Questions Indicates that Students Need: More than a basic understanding of text Practice with justifying their understandings from text Opportunities to apply their understanding in different ways Experience with academic vocabulary in context
Information About Performance Tasks Indicates that Students Need: Experience with different types of source materials Experience integrating ideas and information from multiple sources of information Experience with different types of writing purposes – opinion/argumentative, literary analysis, summary, etc.
Strategy #3: Assess the Assessments…and Make Them Digital [and Rigorous] 1.Need rigor? Create digital texts using the text exemplars. 2.Integrate digital media with digital text to create tasks where students need to write from multiple sources and cite textual evidence. 3.Change your multiple choice questions.
Strategy #3: Assess the Assessments…and Make Them Digital [and Rigorous] Need rigor? Create digital texts using the text exemplars.digital texts
Strategy #3: Assess the Assessments…and Make Them Digital [and Rigorous] Integrate digital media with digital text to create tasks where students need to write from multiple sources and cite textual evidence.
Change Your Multiple Choice Questions: Choose the sentence that best describes the main idea of the text. A) Traveling by ship is difficult and causes sickness. B) Enzio and his family are traveling to the village of Trevilla. C) Carlotta enjoys hearing stories about Enzio’s family members. D) There are more people on a ship than in a whole Italian village. E) Carlotta feels very ill on the ship and Enzio knows how to help her. F) Traveling to a new country is easier and more interesting with a new friend. Defend your answer and then select another answer and explain why it is not the best choice. I CAN describe the characteristics of the next generation assessments and how these characteristics should drive assessments in my district/building.