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Bresciani, M.J. Implementing Lessons Learned: Establishing A Culture of Evidence- Based Assessment Marilee J. Bresciani, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Postsecondary.

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Presentation on theme: "Bresciani, M.J. Implementing Lessons Learned: Establishing A Culture of Evidence- Based Assessment Marilee J. Bresciani, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Postsecondary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bresciani, M.J. Implementing Lessons Learned: Establishing A Culture of Evidence- Based Assessment Marilee J. Bresciani, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Postsecondary Education and Co-Director of the Center for Educational Leadership, Innovation, and Policy San Diego State University 3590 Camino Del Rio North San Diego, California, U.S.A

2 Bresciani, M.J. My Lens  Former K-12 Instructor  Doctorate in administration, curriculum, and instruction  Primarily an administrator; teaching 1-2 courses a year; now a FT faculty member  OBA consultant and Reviewer for WASC and Australia  My research is in exploring systematic implementation of OBA and its effects

3 Bresciani, M.J. My Context  Participants are primarily instructors from 2- and 4-year public institutions with some proprietary institutions representation  You teach users of technology  You care about what your learners learn  You use what you know to inform designers of technology and curriculum how to do a better job with their products

4 Bresciani, M.J. Overview  Overview of Outcomes-Based Assessment  Discuss its History and Importance  Share Strategies for Implementing Sustainable Evidence-Based Decision Making within your Locus of Control  Applying Lessons Learned to Implementation  Questions to Consider as You Return Home Bresciani, M.J.

5 Ask Yourself These Questions  How would you describe what outcomes-based assessment is to your faculty, staff, and students?  How would you describe its importance to what is happening in the classroom, your institution, and the student’s next steps?

6 Bresciani, M.J. The Assessment Cycle (Bresciani, 2006)  The key questions… What are we trying to do and why? or What is my program supposed to accomplish? or What do I want students to be able to do and/or know as a result of my course/workshop/orientation/program? How well are we doing it? How do we know? How do we use the information to improve or celebrate successes? Do the improvements we make contribute to our intended end results?

7 The Iterative Systematic Assessment Cycle Bresciani, 2006 Mission/Purposes Goals Outcomes Implement Methods to Deliver Outcomes and Methods to Gather Data Gather Data Interpret Evidence Make decisions to improve programs; enhance student learning and development; inform institutional decision- making, planning, budgeting, policy, public accountability

8 Bresciani, M.J. Outcomes-Based Assessment Discoveries (Bresciani, 2006)  Most people do capitalize on their innate intellectually curiosity to find out what works  Most people just don’t articulate their intended end results (e.g., outcomes) ahead of time  Most people don’t document the decisions made based on their results  Most people don’t follow up later to see if their decisions made the intended improvement

9 Bresciani, M.J. This Process Works for: (Bresciani, 2007)  Evaluating the effectiveness of the technology Via outcomes for the users  Evaluating the effectiveness of the technology training Via evaluating outcomes of student learning  Evaluating how well the technology contributes to the improvement of student learning Via crossing the outcomes

10 Bresciani, M.J. Students can Participate (Bresciani, 2006)  In every phase of the assessment process  By having them do so provides them opportunities to evidence their problem solving, critical thinking, and analytical reasoning, and communication skills  And get a better picture of what you want them to learn and why  and take more responsibility for their learning

11 Bresciani, M.J. The Purpose (Bresciani, 2006)  Outcomes-Based assessment does not exist for assessment’s sake  It is taking what most of us already do, and making it systematic  Its purpose is to reflect on the end result of doing - - are we accomplishing that which we say we are?

12 Bresciani, M.J. The Purpose, Cont. (Bresciani, 2006)  It is NOT personnel evaluation  It can be both formative and summative  Planning is incorporated into it  All types of assessment have value (e.g., needs, utilization, satisfaction, learning and development) but we have to pay attention to evaluating student learning

13 Bresciani, M.J. Drivers of Outcomes-Based Assessment ( Ewell, 2003)  To improve the underperforming student  Competency Movement in Business and Industry  Bologna Declaration of 1999  Government Conversation, 1985 The Higher Education Re-authorization Act Testimonies in USA, 2002 and 2006  Response to NCLB Legislation

14 Bresciani, M.J. Drivers, Cont.  National Commission on the Future of Higher Education (2006)  Demand for Public Information about Performance Transparency of outcomes and results Comparable measures of quality Demonstration of value-added of the entire educational experience

15 Bresciani, M.J. Drivers, Cont.  Accountability requirements handed back to states Performance indicators Standardized tests  Discipline Standards could be designed by disciplines  Increased focus on private education  Still no focus on evaluating transferability of learning

16 Bresciani, M.J. How does this context change your answers to these previously posed questions?  How would you describe what outcomes-based assessment is to your faculty, staff, and students?  How would you describe its importance to what is happening in the classroom, your institution, and the student’s next steps?

17 Bresciani, M.J. How do you make this process, effective, efficient, and enduring? Consider how you would apply this criteria to what you do in the classroom or the design of curriculum and/or technology.

18 Bresciani, M.J. Criteria for Good Practices for Outcomes-Based Assessment Program Review (OAPR) (Bresciani, 2006)  Criterion 1: Clear understanding of purpose, goals, & expectations for OAPR Why, who, what, when, and how?  Criterion 2: Collaboration within and across Outcomes, Evaluation methods, Criteria, Interpretation of Results, Decisions and Recommendations, Values  Criterion 3: Use of results To improve programs; to inform performance indicators; to address value-added; to inform transferability of learning

19 Bresciani, M.J. Criteria, Cont. (Bresciani, 2006)  Criterion 4: Awards and recognition Common sense awards and recognition, position descriptions and hiring criteria, evaluation of job performance criteria  Criterion 5: Resources to support program review Technological Professional development Individual consultation  Criterion 6: Coordination of the process

20 Bresciani, M.J. Criteria, Cont. (Bresciani, 2006)  Criterion 7: Flexibility Delicate balance between structure and creativity  Criterion 8: Addressing barriers  Criterion 9: Evaluation of the program review process Short range and long range goals Meta-Assessment

21 Bresciani, M.J. Inverted Funnel of Application to Lessons Learned How would you apply these good practice criterion to the lessons you learned at this conference or vice versa?

22 Bresciani, M.J. Technical Disclaimer  I have not used any of these products so feel free to help me out here…

23 Bresciani, M.J. Assistance with Input Assessment  SAM 2007  E-Portfolio Management System

24 Bresciani, M.J. Assistance with Formative Assessment  SAM 2007  E-Portfolio Management System  Case Grader Office 2007  Office 2007 “In a Flash”

25 Bresciani, M.J. Assistance with Summative Assessment  E-Portfolio Management System  SAM 2007  Case Grader Office 2007 – if you used course-embedded program assessment

26 Bresciani, M.J. Strategies for Collaboration  E-Portfolio Management System

27 Bresciani, M.J. Strategies for Coordination of the Process  E-Portfolio Management System

28 Bresciani, M.J. Questions to Consider (Bresciani, 2007)  Process When implementing an effective, efficient, and enduring outcomes- based assessment process in your organization, consider the questions on the handout in the back of the room

29 Bresciani, M.J. Questions to Consider, Cont. (Bresciani, 2007)  When considering the use of Technology to promote outcomes-based assessment… Does the use of this technology reinforce the reasons we are engaged in outcomes-based assessment? How does the use of this technology promote formative assessment, summative assessment, or the assessment of transferable skills/knowledge?

30 Bresciani, M.J. Questions to Consider, Cont. (Bresciani, 2007)  Is our professional development to train users of our technology coupled with the professional development for outcomes- based assessment or instructional design?  How does the use of this technology enable us to better use the results to improve student learning and development?

31 Bresciani, M.J. Questions to Consider, Cont. (Bresciani, 2007)  How does the use of this technology improve efficiencies? And who benefits from those improved efficiencies?  How does this technology constrain or promote creativity/flexibility within each discipline?  How does this technology aid the coordination of the process? Or does it contribute to isolated thinking and doing?

32 Bresciani, M.J. Questions to Consider, Cont. (Bresciani, 2007)  How can data that this technological tool gathers help us evaluate the extent that we are transforming our organization through the use of evidence-based decision-making? “Keep your eye on the prize”

33 Bresciani, M.J. Challenge Questions to Consider  How does this technology help illustrate the transferability of learning/skills?  How does this technology help us illustrate, evaluate, and improve the learning/skills as they relate to the requisite skills required by employers?  What do you need to refine in order to make this happen?

34 Bresciani, M.J. Questions?

35 Bresciani, M.J. References  Bresciani, M.J. (2006). Outcomes-Based Academic and Co-Curricular Program Review: A Compilation of Institutional Good Practices. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing


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