Presentation on theme: "Subpart O Motor Vehicles These handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance."— Presentation transcript:
Subpart O Motor Vehicles These handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance purposes only. You should independently verify and satisfy yourself as to its accuracy. The AHBSIF does not assume any liability for damages arising from the use of this information or exhibits and attachments thereto and renders no opinion that any of the terms, conditions, and/or cited federal standards in this document and the exhibits and attachments should be explicitly followed by the fund member. Seek specific guidance from the appropriate regulator (OSHA) or professional advisor.
Training Requirements ► OSHA does not have specific training requirements for employees using motor vehicles and mechanized equipment on the job. ► They do however have a general training requirement: “Each employer shall instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and the regulations applicable to his work environment to control or eliminate any hazards or other exposure to illness or injury”
General Requirements ► An employer must insure that the equipment is inspected regularly. ► Any damaged or improperly functioning parts must be repaired immediately. ► Operators must be familiar with the operator’s manual supplied by the manufacturer. ► Operators must conduct a pre-shift inspection before each use.
Pre-Shift Inspection Brake System Hydraulics Pedestrian Warning Devices Fluid Levels, Battery Connections Tires or Tracks Grease Fittings Operator Controls Boom Assembly Cab Conditions Body Work Operator Safety Systems Warning Decals CouplingsR.O.P.S.
(ROPS) Rollover Protection System ► Intent of the system is to minimize the possibility of complete overturn ► ROPS are required for all rubber tired and crawler- type off road equipment ► The seatbelt is an integral part of the ROPS ► Employees should never attempt to jump from a ROPS equipped machine during rollover
Standard Specifics ► All bidirectional machines must have a back-up alarm (ditch-witch and Georgia buggies are the exception) ► A machine’s horn must be distinguishable from the surrounding noise level ► Riding along is prohibited unless a seat and seatbelt have been provided for the extra occupant/s ► No changes can be made to a machine without the manufacturer’s consent
Equipment Maintenance ► Heavy Equipment parts must be suspended by slings, hoists, or jacks during repair ► Make sure these procedures are followed prior to repair: Hydraulics blocked or cribbed Engine stopped Controls in neutral Brakes set Wheels chocked
Jobsite Considerations ► Soil Conditions Be aware of weather conditions that can impact the work surface (rain, drought, etc.) Previously excavated soil Areas destabilized by high traffic ► Terrain Steep grades Uncleared lots and excessive undergrowth can hide dangerous terrain ► Traffic In addition to jobsite traffic, also be aware of auto and pedestrian traffic Never block loading or transition areas ► Emergency Routes Never block important access paths on the jobsite
Spill Containment ► If materials such as fuel or lubricants are discharged into soil or water, they must be contained and cleaned up properly ► Spill napkins and absorption pads should be readily available ► Any spill on land in excess of 25 gallons is reportable ► Any release of petroleum into water is reportable
Spill Containment ► Emergency Management Association (State) ► National Response Center ► No quantity is too small for clean-up ► Soil must be excavated completely and transferred to suitable containers for transport
Jobsite Motor Vehicles Back hoe ► If equipped with outriggers, they must be set and vehicle properly leveled prior to digging. ► For travel, back hoe must be in the upright position and bucket should be carried low. ► Never operate the controls from outside the cab.
Jobsite Motor Vehicles Tracked Excavator (Track hoe) ► Counterweight swing radius must be guarded against contact with machine or pedestrian ► Soil conditions must be monitored continuously to insure stability
Jobsite Motor Vehicles Skid-Steer ► Most common machine on residential construction sites ► A wide range of attachments are available
Jobsite Motor Vehicles Dozer ► Primarily used for clearing and grading duties ► Also handle rough ditching and spreading ► Soil stability and knowledge of terrain are important for safe operation
Jobsite Motor Vehicles Front Loader ► Most common in aggregate facilities and batch plants ► Vehicles feature center articulation ► Loads must be carried as low as possible to insure stability ► Front Loaders should not be used to perform the functions of dozers, graders, etc.
Jobsite Motor Vehicles All-Terrain Forklift ► Brands include Lull, JCB, and Grad-All ► Boom presents serious blind-spot, mirrors and raised boom are critical to safe travel ► Some models are equipped with chassis and carriage levelers ► Load capacity charts must be posted and legible in the cab