Presentation on theme: "LDTC Workshop #8 Revitalization. What is Language Revitalization? “The attempt by interested parties, including individuals, cultural or community groups,"— Presentation transcript:
What is Language Revitalization? “The attempt by interested parties, including individuals, cultural or community groups, governments, or political authorities, to reverse the decline of a language” Also called: –Language Revival –Reversing Language Shift
What are the goals of Revitalization? Increase speaker numbers Increase language use Within and between different different sections in the population Increase domains of use Increase language prestige/valorization Primary goal: Get children learning and invested in the language (intergenerational transmission)
Domains of Use Where, when, and in what contexts the language is used Places –At home, at church, in weekend schools People –With grandparents, with friends Activities –praying, playing certain games, gossiping
Levels of magnitude Large Scale –Country or community wide efforts to reverse language shift Revitalization of Hebrew in Israel Revitalization of Cherokee Small Scale –Individual or small group efforts Encouragement of language use in the home Small community gatherings in which an effort is made to speak only the threatened language Small “daycare” centers for young children in which only the language is spoken
Successful revitalization efforts usually include: Language immersion for at least the younger children Competent, qualified, fluent speakers willing to act as mentors and teachers Community commitment and enthusiasm for revitalization Expansion and creation of threatened language specific domains (language use outside of just the school and home) A well thought out plan and step by step achievable goals
Types of revitalization programs Language Nests Immersion schools Master-apprentice programs Community-based programs
Language Nests A preschool /kindergarten like setting Childcare providers are elders, adults who speak the native language with the children. Example of a successful program: Maori language nests, in New Zealand: Te kōhanga reo
Immersion schools Post- kindergarten level Some to all academic subjects taught in native language from native-speakers Example: Hawaiian Language Immersion Program
Master-Apprentice Program All participants are adult age An apprentice is paired with a master (native speaking elder) to meet regularly and converse in the native language Example: Chickasaw, a Native American language spoken in Oklahoma.
Community-based programs Can be any age; there is no real connection to school Usually a summer camp or weekend activity Revolves around community activities, but only using the native language.
Other ideas… Not all revitalization plans need to be so large, language revitalization can start small with a few changes: –Creating “domains” in your everyday life where you only speak your native language (for example: Only in the kitchen) –Finding, or serving as, a mentor and speaking only your native language for a few hours a week –Creating a small group of people who do culturally relative things (crafts, activities) once a month where only the native language is spoken –Your ideas?
Your Turn! With your mentors, think about steps you could take in your community to revitalize, or maintain your language. Things to consider: Where your language is, in terms of vitality and revitalization needs Do-able programs and activities that you feel you could complete with a small amount of resources
Only the beginning LDTC is only the beginning. There are a lot of things you can do with the skills and knowledge you’ve learned here –Create a small-scale revitalization project –record more stories, poems, songs from speakers of your language –work on your dictionary more –Find out if there are linguists working on your langauge –Take Advanced LDTC! Thank you!