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Gay Conversion Therapy: You Make Me Sick Sheldon W. Helms “Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge; it is those who know little,

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Presentation on theme: "Gay Conversion Therapy: You Make Me Sick Sheldon W. Helms “Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge; it is those who know little,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Gay Conversion Therapy: You Make Me Sick Sheldon W. Helms “Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge; it is those who know little, not those who know much, who so positively assert that this or that problem will never be solved by science.” -- Charles Darwin

2 Gay Conversion Therapy Definitions / Common Themes History Exodus International and NARTH “Cures” Where do we go from here?

3  Gay Conversion Therapy  Gay-to-Straight Therapy  Reparative Therapy  Sexual Orientation Change Efforts (SOCE) Prayer Conditional social support Pseudo-therapy (talk/counseling) Behavior modification Definitions “Practices that seek to change one’s sexual orientation, identity, and behavior from homosexual to heterosexual.”

4 Definitions Sexual Orientation  behavior  identity/self-labeling  gender identity “an individual’s pattern of physical and emotional arousal toward other persons”

5 Common Themes  behavior Equating changes in people’s sexual activity with changes in their orientation.  identity / self-labeling Equating changes in people’s professed identity with changes in their orientation. warped view of “gay lifestyle” Equating their own personal adjustment issues and life history with “gay lifestyle.”

6 You Make Me Sick Religious ideology Medical Legal Social Suicide

7 Religion Basis Leviticus 18:22 KJV Leviticus 20:13 KJV Romans 1:26-27 KJV

8 Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum – 2400 BCE Berdache of North and South America Vasco Núñez de Balboa – War Dogs 1513

9 Sigmund Freud ( ) Richard von Krafft-Ebing Psychopathia Sexualis (1886) “Cerebral Neuroses” paradoxia - sexual desire at the wrong time of life anesthesia - insufficient sexual desire hyperesthesia - excessive sexual desire paraesthesia - misdirected sexual desire (e.g., homosexuality/bisexuality, sexual fetishism, sadism, masochism, and pedophilia) Freud urged that homosexuals not be segregated from mainstream society.

10 Evelyn Hooker “The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual” (1957) Studied gay friends who were NOT in counseling. Homosexual and Heterosexual subjects indistinguishable.

11 Dr. Robert Spitzer & the DSM In 1973, Chair of the Task Force of the 3 rd edition of the APA’s “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.” Decided against inclusion of homosexuality. “Unless there is distress or impairment of functioning.”

12 Dr. Robert Spitzer & the DSM

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14 Founded in 1976 as a “non-profit, interdenominational ex-gay Christian organization that seeks to limit homosexual desires.” Founders: Michael Bussee, Gary Cooper, Frank Worthen, Ron Dennis, and Greg Reid. Methods: “Pray the gay away.” Pseudo-counseling. All-male retreats. Language counseling (call your male friends “dude”).

15 Founded in 1976 as a “non-profit, interdenominational ex-gay Christian organization that seeks to limit homosexual desires.” Founders: Michael Bussee, Gary Cooper, Frank Worthen, Ron Dennis, and Greg Reid.

16 Founded in 1976 as a “non-profit, interdenominational ex-gay Christian organization that seeks to limit homosexual desires.” Founders: Michael Bussee, Gary Cooper, Frank Worthen, Ron Dennis, and Greg Reid.

17 Founded in 1976 as a “non-profit, interdenominational ex-gay Christian organization that seeks to limit homosexual desires.” Founders: Michael Bussee, Gary Cooper, Frank Worthen, Ron Dennis, and Greg Reid.

18 Founded in 1976 as a “non-profit, interdenominational ex-gay Christian organization that seeks to limit homosexual desires.” Founders: Michael Bussee, Gary Cooper, Frank Worthen, Ron Dennis, and Greg Reid.

19 Founded in 1976 as a “non-profit, interdenominational ex-gay Christian organization that seeks to limit homosexual desires.” Founders: Michael Bussee, Gary Cooper, Frank Worthen, Ron Dennis, and Greg Reid.

20 John Paulk

21 Alan Chambers, President of Exodus International

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24 The fact that so many men continue to feel "dis-eased" by their homosexuality can be explained in one of two ways. Either society and the Judeo-Christian ethic have coerced these individuals into thinking they have a problem, or, the homosexual condition itself is inherently problematic. Joseph Nicolosi

25 Logical Fallacies Claims “The ‘Big Three’ (Freud, Jung, Adler) were anti-gay.” Appeal to Authority “Over a century of social scientists saw homosexuality as pathology.” Appeal to Antiquity

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27 Richard Cohen, MA President, International Healing Foundation Proponent and popularizer of “Holding Therapy,” and “Bio-energetics.” Raised Jewish, in an abusive home with a tyrannical father. Lived as a conflicted gay man until college when he joined the Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon, and later the Wesleyan Healing Community. Believes that he was “healed” of his homosexuality through therapy and Jesus’ love.

28 Holding Therapy

29 Aversion Therapy Classical Conditioning / Pavlovian Principles Antabuse (Disulfiram )

30 Aversion Therapy Sam Brinton

31 Sam Brinton Today https://www.facebook.com/samuel.brinton Speaks Chinese (Mandarin) French, German, Italian, Spanish Graduate student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2013), majoring in Nuclear Engineering. Currently working on Fuel Cycle Systems Analysis Still a Christian.

32 Conversion Camps Echo Wild Game Rangers, South Africa Raymond Buys (15 yrs)Alex de Koker

33 Politics

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35 Bachmann & Associates Christian Counseling Center has received annual Medicaid payments totaling over $137,000 for the treatment of patients since NBC News

36 Politics

37 Where do we go from here? Wayne Besen

38 Google: “Gay Central Valley” Where do we go from here?

39 Where do we go from here?

40 California

41 California Oklahoma

42 California Oklahoma Mississippi

43 Friday, Oct. 25 th, 7:00 pm Ohlone College Psychology Club Speaker Series Mary Johnson: “An Unquenchable Thirst”


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