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QUAPAW TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA AIR QUALITY PROGRAM CRAIG KREMAN ASSISTANT ENVIRONMENTAL DIRECTOR QUAPAW TRIBE ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICE 2014 National Tribal Forum.

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Presentation on theme: "QUAPAW TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA AIR QUALITY PROGRAM CRAIG KREMAN ASSISTANT ENVIRONMENTAL DIRECTOR QUAPAW TRIBE ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICE 2014 National Tribal Forum."— Presentation transcript:

1 QUAPAW TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA AIR QUALITY PROGRAM CRAIG KREMAN ASSISTANT ENVIRONMENTAL DIRECTOR QUAPAW TRIBE ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICE 2014 National Tribal Forum on Air Quality

2 INTRODUCTION  WHO?  WHERE?  WHAT?  WHY?

3 QUAPAW TRIBE HISTORY

4

5 TAR CREEK SUPERFUND SITE  Tri-State Mining District  Began mining the area during the late 1800’s, lasted until approximately 1970  Mining and milling of ore (primarily lead and zinc) produced more than 500 million tons of waste in area  Two primary types of wastes from mining processes: chat and tailings

6 CHAT PILE

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10 TAR CREEK SUPERFUND SITE  Designated as a Superfund Site in 1983, following the establishment of Hazard Rank System and National Priorities List in 1981 and 1982, respectively under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA).  Four Main Objects of Remediation

11 TAR CREEK SUPERFUND SITE  Operable Units  OU1: Surface Water/Groundwater  OU2: Residential Properties  OU4: Chat Piles, Other Mine and Mill Wastes, and Smelter Sites  OU5: Sediment and Surface Water  Catholic 40 Remedial Response CA

12 CATHOLIC 40 REMEDIAL RESPONSE  Cooperative Agreement for Remedial Action signed between EPA and the Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma was the first-ever Remedial Action in the nation conducted by a tribe on property that they own.  40-acre tract of land that has cultural and historical significance

13 CATHOLIC 40 REMEDIAL RESPONSE  Remedial Action involved: excavation, hauling, and disposal of approximately 107,000 tons of source material (chat).  Benefits:  Enhance Tribe’s technical capacity to perform work under the Superfund Program  Have seen expressed interest by other tribes in performing work similar to the Remedial Action at the Catholic 40  Will hope to begin work on additional impacted lands in area

14 CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER BEFOREAFTER

15 CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER BEFOREAFTER

16 CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER BEFOREAFTER

17 CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER BEFOREAFTER

18 REMEDIAL OBJECTIVE  Exposure to lead dust was a primary concern to a majority of Tar Creek residents and tribal members.  Air program was established in 1999 with funding under Section 103 of CAA  Additional concerns were regional ozone and particulate matter

19 AIR MONITORING PROGRAM  Tribe assumed the management and operation of PM2.5 monitoring project in 2002 at Quapaw Tribe Industrial Park.  R&P 2025 Sequential Samplers (collocated), ran every 1-in-6 days from 2002 to 2010

20 AIR MONITORING PROGRAM  In 2003, tribe began the Tar Creek Air Monitoring Project (TCAMP)  In 2004, the tribe assumed the management and operation of a gaseous criteria pollutant monitoring project at the Quapaw Tribe Industrial Park

21 AIR MONITORING PROGRAM  Over time, SOx, NOx, and CO monitors were phased out, and PM2.5 (continuous), PM10 (continuous), and NOy monitors were phased in  Today the tribe operates and monitors ozone, NOy, and PM2.5 (continuous), as well as various meteorological parameters at the Quapaw Tribe Industrial Park

22 MIAMI SHELTER SITE PHOTOS

23 AIR MONITORING PROGRAM  TCAMP site still monitors for particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), as well as Lead in Total Suspended Particulates (TSP)  Current TCAMP sites:  Humbawata  Whitebird

24 TCAMP SITE PHOTOS - HUMBAWATA

25 TCAMP SITE PHOTOS – WHITEBIRD

26 AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT  Lead in TSP  Ecotech HiVol-3000 Sampler  Non-continuous (1-in-6 days)  Very easy to maintain and operate!!!  Particulate Matter  R&P TEOM  Met One BAM-1020

27 AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT

28  Rupprecht & Patashnick TEOM  Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance  Reliable data, but  Outdated and repeated maintenance/repairs required  Replacement parts are becoming obsolete

29 AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT

30  Met One BAM-1020  Beta Attenuation Monitor  Easy to maintain  Filter tape is only thing that needs replaced periodically  Data very consistent with TEOM

31 AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT  Ozone  Ecotech 9810B  Measures ozone by ultraviolet photometry  U.S. EPA approved  Internal zero and span for auditing

32 AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT  Reactive Nitrogen Compounds (NOy)  Thermo Andersen 42CY  Measured by chemiluminescent response of NO blended with ozone  Internal zero and span for auditing

33 AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT  Meteorological  Wind Speed/Wind Direction  Met One Model 50.5  Temperature  Met One Model 592  Relative Humidity  Met One Model 083D  Precipitation  Met One Model 375C

34 DATA VALIDATION AND CERTIFICATION  Quality Assurance Project Plan  Data Quality Objective is to conduct compliance monitoring for NOy, O3, PM2.5 and PM10 (continuous), Lead in TSP, and meteorological data.  DQO is controlled and evaluated by using Data Quality Indicators:  Precision, Accuracy, Completeness, Representativeness, and Comparability.  Data certification through AQS, after verification and validation of data

35 CONTINUED INVOLVEMENT  NTAA Member  TAMS Steering Committee Member  Beginning October 2014  Four States Clean Air Alliance  Board Member

36 THANK YOU AND ENJOY THE FORUM  Contact Information Craig Kreman 5681 S 630 Road PO Box 765 Quapaw, OK Office: (918) Cell: (918)


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