2The Osage Trade by Oklahoma Artist Charles Banks Wilson. Unit 3SettlementThe Osage Trade by Oklahoma Artist Charles Banks Wilson.
3Civil War and Reconstruction Chapter 9Civil War and ReconstructionIndian Territory Before the WarFarms and PlantationsSlavery in the TerritoryGopher JohnSlave RebellionAbandoned in Indian TerritoryConfederate InterestsIndian Sympathies with the South
4Civil War and Reconstruction Chapter 9Civil War and ReconstructionTribal Divisions Over AlliancesThe CherokeesThe CreeksBattle of Round MountainRefugeesDestroying the TerritoryBattle of Honey Springs
5Civil War and Reconstruction Chapter 9Civil War and ReconstructionWestern Indians in the WarRoss Joins the UnionGeneral Stand WatieEnd of the WarNegotiating the Reconstruction TreatiesConditions of the TreatiesRailroads and Public Grants
6DISCUSSION QUESTIONSWhat role did geography play in the alignment of Indian Territory with the South in the Civil War?What were the major reasons why Indian Territory joined with the Confederacy?How did the tribes settle into a society similar to that of the Old South?How did the Seminoles differ from the Cherokee in their attitude toward slavery?Tell about the slave rebellion in 1842.
7DISCUSSION QUESTIONSHow was the Cherokee leadership divided over the issue of taking sides during the Civil War?Why was the Confederacy interested in Indian Territory?What actions did the Plains Indian Tribes take in taking sides during the Civil War?How did Reconstruction affect Indian Territory?Discuss the role of John Ross in the Civil War as it was conducted in Indian Territory.
8Rose Cottage, the home of Chief John Ross in Park Hill, was burned by General Stand Watie on October 28, 1862.
9Indian recruits are sworn into the Army during the Civil War.
10Saladin Watie, Richard Field, E. C. Boudinot, and W. P. Adair. The Cherokee delegation to Washington, D. C., in 1866 included John Rollin Ridge,Saladin Watie, Richard Field, E. C. Boudinot, and W. P. Adair.
11Confederate agent Albert Pike signed treaties with the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles and Creeks in All three tribes agreed to support the Confederacy.