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Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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1 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved

2 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Unit 3 Settlement The Osage Trade by Oklahoma Artist Charles Banks Wilson.

3 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Chapter 9 Civil War and Reconstruction Indian Territory Before the War Farms and Plantations Slavery in the Territory Gopher John Slave Rebellion Abandoned in Indian Territory Confederate Interests Indian Sympathies with the South

4 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Chapter 9 Civil War and Reconstruction Tribal Divisions Over Alliances The Cherokees The Creeks Battle of Round Mountain Refugees Destroying the Territory Battle of Honey Springs

5 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Chapter 9 Civil War and Reconstruction Western Indians in the War Ross Joins the Union General Stand Watie End of the War Negotiating the Reconstruction Treaties Conditions of the Treaties Railroads and Public Grants

6 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1.What role did geography play in the alignment of Indian Territory with the South in the Civil War? 2.What were the major reasons why Indian Territory joined with the Confederacy? 3.How did the tribes settle into a society similar to that of the Old South? 4.How did the Seminoles differ from the Cherokee in their attitude toward slavery? 5.Tell about the slave rebellion in 1842.

7 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 6.How was the Cherokee leadership divided over the issue of taking sides during the Civil War? 7.Why was the Confederacy interested in Indian Territory? 8.What actions did the Plains Indian Tribes take in taking sides during the Civil War? 9.How did Reconstruction affect Indian Territory? 10.Discuss the role of John Ross in the Civil War as it was conducted in Indian Territory.

8 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Rose Cottage, the home of Chief John Ross in Park Hill, was burned by General Stand Watie on October 28, 1862.

9 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Indian recruits are sworn into the Army during the Civil War.

10 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved The Cherokee delegation to Washington, D. C., in 1866 included John Rollin Ridge, Saladin Watie, Richard Field, E. C. Boudinot, and W. P. Adair.

11 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Confederate agent Albert Pike signed treaties with the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles and Creeks in All three tribes agreed to support the Confederacy.

12 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved General Stand Watie

13 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved Cherokee Chief John Ross and his second wife Mary B. (Stapler) Ross.

14 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved

15 Copyright © 2013 by Oklahoma History Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved


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