Presentation on theme: "Farming on the Great Plains. Due to lack of water, trees, and variable climate, not many people settled in the Great Plains. If you were in the President’s."— Presentation transcript:
Due to lack of water, trees, and variable climate, not many people settled in the Great Plains. If you were in the President’s Cabinet, what would you advise him to do to get people to move to the plains?
Homestead Act Federal government gives 160 acres to citizens to farm Paid a small registration fee ($10) and promised to live there 5 years Granted land to unmarried women Seen as a way to escape your problems in the east, the farming on the frontier was a chance at starting over. Most are poor farmers
What do you notice about these Homesteader’s homes and farms?
Soddie of Luxury - two floors and glass windows!
Homesteaders - they get 160 acres for a $10 registration fee!
Who Farmed the Plains? Exodusters Immigrants African-Americans who moved to plains to farm Many were escaping the sharecropping system Could get land from Homestead Act if they promised to become citizens Wrote letters home urging friends and family to come - started pockets of one nationality (Swedes in Minnesota)
What Was Life Like on the Plains? Soddies Chores Communities Many homes made of mud (little wood available on plains) Small and uncomfortable Done by both sexes Washing clothes, farming, tending to animals, housework Small and very close One room schools Churches were the social centers of most towns
How Do You Farm the Plains? Climate Sodbusters Steel Plow Dry Farming Cyrus McCormick Extreme - Hot, dry winters and frigid, blustery winters Nickname for plains farmers Invented by John Deere to break through the hard soil Use of crops that need little water (red wheat) Inventor of farm tools like a reaper and thresher Allowed for larger farms and fewer workers if you could afford the machines
Oklahoma Land Rush - April 22, 1889 U.S. government decides to give the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) to settlers Native Americans promised this land when they moved here (Trail of Tears) Settlers could stake out whatever land they wanted after noon on April 22, 1889 Settlers lined up on border. Cannons fired at noon, and the race to claim land was on. Settlers found out best land was already taken by those who cheated and snuck in early. Sooners - those who went in early and grabbed the best land