Presentation on theme: "Effective public participation in environmental decision-making: a prerequisite for sustainable environmental management by Maxwell Kwame Boakye Supervisor:"— Presentation transcript:
Effective public participation in environmental decision-making: a prerequisite for sustainable environmental management by Maxwell Kwame Boakye Supervisor: Prof. Mammo Muchie Co-supervisor: Prof. Ray Jansen
Introduction Participation literature includes a plethora of undefined terms due to different value systems or mental models which has given it a variety of meanings based on ones values. Degree : Involvement, Influence, Control decision-making process All these should lead to facilitation of communication and engagement of citizens in problem solving AuthorOrientationSpectrum Arnstein (1969)PowerManipulation Citizen control Wiedemann and Femer (1993)AdministrativeEducation Joint decision making Conner (1998)Conflict ResolutionEducation Prevention Dorcey et al. (1994)Planning ProcessInform Ongoing Involvement
Public participation in environmental decision-making Links between society and nature
Public participation in environmental decision-making 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment which was the first to focus on human and the environment The 1992 Rio UN Conference on Environment and Development The 1995 Copenhagen UN Summit for Social Development Johannesburg Declaration (2002) National Environmental Management Act (NEMA) of 1998 National Water Act (NWA) of 1998 All these legislations call for increase public participation in environmental decision- making Principle 10 of the Earth Summit in 1992 as well as Agenda 21 Section 2(4)(f) of NEMA of 1998
Problem statement These legislations are starting point for the necessary debate required to accomplish the promise of public participation. The marginal effectiveness and success in the implementation of environmental policies and programmes and their non-acceptance by stakeholders is an indication of failure of the participation process Factors that affects the effectiveness of participatory process should therefore be looked into critically.
Effectiveness Advance planning – Technique used, Goal setting, Evaluation of participation process, Linking process to decision- making, Capacity building Inclusiveness – Economic, Technical, Distributive justice – NGOs and CBOs Organizational structure, Capacity of staff, Evaluation
Effectiveness cont… Information – Before, during and after the participation process, Medium of presentation, Understanding of information Awareness creation and notification – Different interest groups, Societal hierarchies, Medium (mass media-radio, television, and newspapers), Notices able to communicate fully concepts and ideas, Stimulate interest through visual and sound enhancement, location of notices Timing – Time of notification, information dissemination, to comprehend information during the participation process, allotted for consultation with constituents
Methodology Study area – Upper Vaal Catchment Management Study group – Those who attend(ed) Upper Vaal Catchment Management Forum Data collection methods – Primary and secondary data sources, Structured and semi-structured interviews, Ethnographic data sources Data analysis – Statistical and thematical – Descriptive analysis and Pearson correlation index for test of relationship using SPSS statistical program – Significant themes from participants’ statements will be identified and presented in illustrative quotes that will help substantiate statements made by participants. It will also bring other readers closer to the direct understanding of participants viewpoint. Limitations of study – Apathy by participants, Language barrier, Time, Budgetary allocation
Time frame for study ActivityResponsible personDuration Faculty admission processStudentJanuary 2012 Literature reviewStudentOn-going Pilot testing of questionnaireStudentJanuary 2012 - March 2012 Deciphering results of pilot studyStudent and statisticianApril 2012 Field data collectionStudentMay 2012 – April 2013 Deciphering resultsStudent and statisticianMay 2013 – October 2013 Follow-up clarification of data if necessary StudentNovember 2013 – April 2014 Final write-up and submissionStudentMay 2014 – October 2014
Conclusion The main goal of this study is to provide information that will be useful in assessing the effectiveness of participatory processes in environmental decision-making in South Africa. This is expected to assist in sustainable environmental management of resources, which will help promote human well-being and above all further entrench democratic principles in South Africa. From an academic perspective, this study aims to publish the findings in peer-reviewed journals in addition to presenting findings at both local and international conferences.