Presentation on theme: "Pakistan’s National Human Development Report on Youth, 2015."— Presentation transcript:
Pakistan’s National Human Development Report on Youth, 2015
1. INTRODUCTION TO THE NHDR
What is a National Human Development Report? National Human Development Reports combine research, data and policy recommendations to explore and elaborate on themes of human development The reports are born out of an intensive country- led, country-owned process of consultation and outreach Ultimately, they are designed to generate public debate and shape policy around human development issues No. of national reports by country
NHDRs in Pakistan The NHDR has Pakistani roots: The very first global report was produced by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq in 1990 Since then, more than 700 national and sub-national HDRs have been produced by 135 countries However, Pakistan has only formally published one NHDR in That report focused on poverty, growth and governance The NHDR is back in Pakistan! The 2015 report will be guided by Lead Authors Dr. Adil Najam and Dr. Faisal Bari
Communication for Results & Reporting The upcoming, second National Human Development Report (2015) for Pakistan will focus on youth as a critical force for shaping national human development in the country Youth!
Why youth? With almost 64% of Pakistan’s population below the age of 29 (and 31% between years of age), youth is one of the most important forces that will forge the future of Pakistan.
What will Pakistan’s NHDR do? Chart the opportunities and obstacles for youth in Pakistan today, by asking : How do you empower the youth of today? Identify a set of recommendations to transform the national and provincial policies on youth, and influence the ways investments are made for young people in Pakistan – essentially a call for action How do you prepare youth for active citizenship tomorrow? How can youth be mobilised to become agents of positive change towards a path of prosperity, peace and human development?
2. THEMES ON YOUTH
Education, Employment & Engagement The report will be structured around three central themes or ‘drivers for empowerment’: EDUCATION Knowledge Empowerment EMPLOYMENT Economic Empowerment ENGAGEMENT Social Empowerment
Education Education is about enhancing the capabilities, freedoms and choices amongst the young However, the mean years of schooling for boys in Pakistan is 6.1 years and just 3.3 years for girls*, with significant concerns around quality of education The NHDR 2015 will explore these gaps and challenges to understand their effect on Pakistan’s human development in the future *UNDP, Human Development Report 2014, years tracked
Employment Employment is about earning, skills, purpose, and competitiveness Pakistan appears to have relatively low youth unemployment (7.7% compared to India at 10.7% and Sri Lanka at 17.3%*) but questions remain as to the nature of employment and its capacity to provide adequate wages, conditions and dignity The NHDR will investigate the quality of employment in Pakistan to look at the future health, economic viability and fulfilment of the population *UNDP, Human Development Report 2014, years tracked
Engagement Engagement is about voice, identity, inclusion and citizenship There are signs that engagement in community life is low in Pakistan – with just 2% of young Pakistanis (18-29 years) saying they are an active member of a community group, club or other local organisation* The NHDR 2015 will investigate the causes and effects of this phenomenon and try to understand the impact is has on young people’s lives in Pakistan *British Council, Next Generation Report on Violence 2014
Direct and extensive youth participation From the very outset, we will seek to engage with youth through a variety of events including public hearings, focus groups, social media, structured interviews and open contests This consultative process is by far the most important input into the report Our aim is for the NHDR 2015 to be ‘by the youth, for the youth’
Analysis of secondary sources The NHDR research team will undertake a thorough analysis of the core data sets provided by the Pakistani government, primarily: Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) Labour Force Survey (LFS) Time Use Survey (TUS) The team will also tap into the reservoir of data and insight available from research undertaken by donors, civil society and the private sector on themes related to youth
National Youth Survey Aim: to generate fresh data around the hopes and fears of young people around the three themes of the report. Target: representative sample (at the regional level) of Pakistanis who are between the ages of The sample will include all provinces of Pakistan with the exception of AJK, and will ensure that the following groups are well represented: Minorities (religious, ethnic, linguistic) Female respondents Rural youth Poorer communities Timing: fieldwork is expected to take place between December 2014 and January 2015, with analysis completed by the UNDP team by March 2015.
Youth Development Index The NHDR 2015 aims to create a Youth Development Index for Pakistan. This will be developed internally by the NHDR team based on: YDI Colloquium – a consultation with leading statistician and demographers in Pakistan Similar indices created in other NHDRs, so that comparative analysis can be conducted. The intention will be to make the index a composite of indicators relating to the three themes of the report – education, employment and engagement. Waiting for image from the colloquium to be held on 17/11/14
Experts Consultation and Contributing Authors Contributing AuthorAuthor ProfileTopic Education Dr. Baela Jamil Director of Programmes at Idara-e-Taleem-o- Aagahi (ITA) Public Private Partnerships and Reform of Low Cost Private School Prof. Mohammad Nizamuddin Vice Chancellor of Gujrat UniversityHigher Education Mr. Irfan Muzzafar Education and Social Research Collective, Pakistan Curricula with a focus on science & maths education Dr. Faisal BariAssociate Professor at LUMS andQuality levels in secondary schools Employment Dr. Ali Cheema Associate Professor at LUMS, Director at Center for Economic Research in Pakistan Skills for youth in lower income communities Mr. Nabeel Qadeer Programme Manager, Plan9, Punjab Information Technology Board (PITB) Entrepreneurship Mr. Musharraf ZaidiCampaign Director, Alif AilaanLinking employment and education Engagement Dr. Moeed Yusuf Director of South Asia Programmes, United States Institute of Peace Radicalisation Dr. Taimur RahmanAssociate Professor, LUMSInternet’s role in youth’s lives Mr. Raza Rumi Author, columnist and analyst, ex-Director of the Jinnah Institute Social media Ms. Niloufer SiddiquiPhD candidate, Yale UniversityPolitical engagement (political parties)
Advisory Council A high level advisory council will provide strategic direction, oversee the report preparation and help advocate for priority public actions Members are drawn from the full spectrum of political parties, academia and policy practice, representing a range of provinces and constituencies
Full set of NHDR Tools Direct Youth Participation Variety of events including public hearings, focus groups, social media, structured interviews and open contests. Analysis of Secondary research A thorough review of existing data and insights on youth in Pakistan National Youth Survey A rigorous piece of primary research structured around the ‘hopes and fears’ of young people in Pakistan Youth Development Index An assessment of inclusion with respect to education, employment and civic life Experts’ Consultation Thought provoking papers from leading academics, policy makers and practitioners on selected themes relating to youth National Human Development Report 2015 Advisory Council
4. OUTREACH & ADVOCACY
Online engagement: Jawan Pakistan! Website Social Media
Creative communication tools The NHDR team will develop a series of multimedia tools to help communicate youth data and insights in a fresh, engaging way. These tools will include a mix of the following: Edited video packages of interviews and focus groups with youth across the country Info-motion of youth survey data Cartoon representing themes and experiences of youth in Pakistan Photo-journalist quality images of young people’s lives in Pakistan Jawan Pakistan audio / jingle commissioned to accompany video material
4. THEORY OF CHANGE (NHDR)
Theory of Change for the NHDR 2015 Youth Consultation Events Hopes and Fears Survey Outputs Activities Analysis of secondary data & reports Better human development outcomes for youth in Pakistan Experts’ Papers and Panel Better designed, evidence-informed policies for youth in Pakistan National Human Development Report on Youth 2015 Accurate, up-to-date data and insights into needs of Pakistan’s youth Policy recommendations for supporting Pakistan’s youth Relationships, contacts and networks built with Pakistan’s youth Outcomes Impact Increased, sustainable dialogue between Pakistan policy- makers and youth Increased investment in programmes targeting youth in Pakistan
Communication for Results & Reporting “By the youth, for the youth”