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New Zealand Today: Future Directions From the perspective of the Youth Court of New Zealand Philanthropy New Zealand Conference Wellington - 28March 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "New Zealand Today: Future Directions From the perspective of the Youth Court of New Zealand Philanthropy New Zealand Conference Wellington - 28March 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 New Zealand Today: Future Directions From the perspective of the Youth Court of New Zealand Philanthropy New Zealand Conference Wellington - 28March 2007 Andrew Becroft Principal Youth Court Judge Te Kaiwhakawa Matua o Te Kooti Taiohi

2 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 2 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some of the great all time lies... At home “This is going to hurt me more than it hurts you …” “You look great in that …” “I only read it for the articles …” “The camera doesn’t lie …” “Sorry I’m late, the traffic was really busy tonight …”

3 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 3 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some great lies …. At work “The cheque is in the post …” “Actually, I just dictated a letter to you before you rang…” “I’m sorry, he/she is in a meeting …” “I only had half a glass of wine over lunch…”

4 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 4 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some great lies …. In sport “I’ve always been drug free …” Ben Johnson, 1988, after winning Olympic 100 meters final “I have always been faithful to Victoria …” David Beckham “I didn’t add anything to the tea, Mr Mains” Susie the Waitress “I don’t own a mobile phone…” Shane Warne

5 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 5 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some great lies …. In World Affairs “That wooden horse is just a gift, honest …” “I have brought peace in our time …” 1938, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain “The Beatles? They are a passing phase…” 1965, Billy Graham “There can be no whitewash in the White House” 1971, President Richard Milhouse Nixon “I did not have sexual relations with that woman” 1998, President William Jefferson Clinton

6 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 6 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March big misunderstandings about Youth Justice... 1.Youth offending is sky rocketing out of control 2.Youth offenders are all the same 3.Concerned individuals and the community can’t do much to stop youth offending…now or in the future

7 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 7 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Outline 1.What I see now the real picture about youth offending and youth offenders - fact or fiction? (See handout sheet) 2.Philanthropic priorities now 3. The Future?

8 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 8 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 What is the real picture about youth offending? “There are a number of children running about the streets of Dunedin... without the control of parents. If the government does not take them in hand... they will become... members of a criminal class”.

9 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 9 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 What is the real picture about youth offending? (contd) “There is a definite relationship between the increase in the number of children on the streets and the increase in juvenile crime”. First headline from The Otago Daily Times 1884; second in 1886

10 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 10 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Capital & Coast Youth Forensic Services Statistics: n = % Male Maori over-represented (48%) 70% faced cannabis and alcohol issues –16% drug dependent; 14% alcohol dependent 18% attending school; 28% attending course/training; 45% unemployed 45% excluded/expelled from school 55% attended more than one school/transient 60% in CYFS care at some stage 12% living with both parents; 28% with one parent

11 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 11 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March Philanthropic priorities: The “Four Legs” A helpful framework Vital is understanding a young person’s life All here are directly or indirectly involved in one of these 4 legs The four areas –Home –School –Friends/Peers –Community

12 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 12 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Home Very few serious youth offenders from stable, two- parent, homes –not saying “every solo mother breeds a criminal” –not making judgement about separation Most serious young offenders lack a positive, male, role model Family disadvantage - dysfunction usually of fundamental importance

13 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 13 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 School “Increasing attendance and participation in school by young people a key factor in reducing anti-social behaviour and offending” Not all truants/non-enrolled young people offend: but overwhelming majority of offenders are truants or not enrolled May not be causative; but a clear link exists Every young person kept at school is one less potential career criminal

14 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 14 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Friends/Peers Young people seek out role models like heat seeking missile Only issue: who is it that they associate with?

15 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 15 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Community “Connectedness” “A kid in sport stays out of Court” sign outside Blenheim airport A young person involved in sport, or any organised, positive community activity, stays out of Youth Court A very protective factor - builds resilience: good friends, good role models, good discipline, fulfilment and success

16 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 16 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some suggested priorities... I am no expert “Fools rush in where angels fear to tread” Not here to preach or lecture My aim to provoke and encourage reflection

17 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 17 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some suggested priorities... 1.Encouraging family stability 2. Parenting programmes - especially those working with “at risk” mothers, particularly single, young parents 3. Family based early intervention programmes: eg Early Start and the Family Help Trust 4. The battle is won and lost by age 5. Saint Ignatius Loyola was right! 5. Targetted, focused, early intervention programmes that work

18 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 18 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some suggested priorities 1. Mentoring programmes, especially for boys 2. Programmes designed to keep young people involved in education or a meaningful alternative 3. “Programmes” that “work”for young people and which build connectedness Drug and alcohol Mental Health Serious young offenders Note: Youth Offending Services Effectiveness Checklist: Kaye McLaren - MSD.

19 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 19 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March Future Directions Government Statistician says….

20 The Changing Face of New Zealand Brian Pink Government Statistician

21 THE AGEING OF OUR POPULATION A Phenomena In Many OECD Countries

22 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer Census Usually Resident Population Count

23 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 23 Population age structure – 2004 and 2051

24 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 24 Ageing Population, New Zealand,

25 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 25 5-yearly changePopulation Population aged 65+ years

26 POPULATION AND THE CHANGING ETHNIC COMPOSITION

27 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 27 Projected Share of 5-17 Year Age Group in Ethnic Groups, Series 6

28 EDUCATION AND WORK Implications of Population Dynamics

29 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 29 Educational age groups

30 GROWING REGIONAL DIFFERENCES The Rate and Composition of Change

31 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 31 North-South population distribution

32 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 32 Projected regional population change 2001–2026

33 SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS A Few Broad Challenges

34 35% of Mäori students and 27% of Pacific students left school with no qualifications in 2002, compared with 12% of all other students Little change between Human Capital

35 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 35 Projected ‘age of retirement’ to maintain the 2001 ‘aged dependency ratio’ 1 1. Number of people aged 65+ years per 100 people aged 15–64 years.

36 Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 36 Projected Dependency Ratio, 2004, 2016 & 2026

37 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 37 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 The real solution???

38 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 38 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Conclusion “To nourish children and raise them against the odds is in any time, any place more valuable than to fix bolts in cars or design nuclear weapons” Marilyn French “There is always one moment in childhood when the door opens and lets the future in” “The Power and the Glory”, Graham Greene

39 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 39 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Hemi’s song I’m sorry for all the pain that I caused Putting your family through something I could never have stopped And now I’m staring at the stars thinking of what i have done Something stupid of course what was I thinking of Looking for my mentality but that was lost Back in the days BC id be pinned to a cross But instead I’m writing this rhyme because you gave me a chance So in the words that I write You should know that they came from my heart You opened my eyes despising what I had done Look above and find the strength to carry on….

40 Te Kooti Taiohi o Aotearoa The Youth Court of New Zealand 40 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Hemi’s song verse 2 The stupid things I’ve done in my life Creating enemies that want to bring a lot of strife We’d fight On the streets Is probably where you would see me Drugged out struggling to breath But now im down on my knees With a million apologies Please time freeze wish I could turn back the time Rewind but its all over and done A new era begun The sun has risen And its shining through This song I compose is dedicated to you.


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