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UNEP Country Project on Trade Liberalisation in the Agriculture sector and the Environment Project Leader: Aliou Diagne Impact Assessment Economist WARDA,

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Presentation on theme: "UNEP Country Project on Trade Liberalisation in the Agriculture sector and the Environment Project Leader: Aliou Diagne Impact Assessment Economist WARDA,"— Presentation transcript:

1 UNEP Country Project on Trade Liberalisation in the Agriculture sector and the Environment Project Leader: Aliou Diagne Impact Assessment Economist WARDA, The Africa Rice Center The rice sector in Côte d’Ivoire 19 February 2003 Geneva

2 Background Relevance of the rice sector to the national economy 5% of GDP ½ million farms (60% of working age population) ½ million hectares (7.5% of cultivated land) 600,000 tones production (70% of Cereal production) 440,000 tones imported ($120 millions forex) 80 kg/year per capita consumption Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

3 Background Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector Relevance of the rice sector to the national economy: Increasing trends in consumption and imports

4 Project Approach and Process Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector Implementing Research Institutions WARDA/ADRAO – The Africa Rice Center –Responsibility for overall project implementation & outputs –Research –Technical and Methodological support to the national research team Réseau d’Etudes d’Impacts de la Côte d’Ivoire (REI) – Assembling the national research team –Collection and processing of primary and secondary data –Establishment and management of the Steering Committee –Organization of national stakeholder meetings and consultations –Organization and management of the continuous national peer review process –Follow up on policy recommendations

5 Project Approach and Process Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector The Research Team WARDA/ADRAO - The Africa Rice Center CIRES Centre Ivoirien de Recherches Economiques et Sociales ANADER Agence Nationale d’Appui au Développement Rural Dr. Aliou Diagne, Impact Assessment Economist Dr. Frédéric Lançon, Policy Economist Assisted by: Mr. Arsène Kouame (R.A.) Mr. Ali Touré (R.A.) Dr. Kalilou Sylla, Deputy Head, Macroeconomics and Modeling Unit Dr. Aïssata Sobia, Deputy Head, International Economic Relations Unit Dr. Namizata Binaté, Socio economist Assisted by: Geoffoy Dibakala (R.A.) Yaya Ouattara (G.S.) Souleymane Diallo (G.S.) Michel Droubly (G.S.) Dr. Miaman Koné, Permanent Sécretary of Impact Assessment Network of Cote d’Ivoire Assisted by: Clément Kpan Oulaï (Statiscian Economist) Luc Adou (Economist) Martin Kokora (Statistician)

6 Project Approach and Process Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector Project Steering Committee 1.Ministère du Plan (Steering committee chaired by the Director General of Plan) 2.Ministère de l’Agriculture 3.Ministère du Commerce Extérieur 4.Ministère du Commerce Intérieur 5.Ministère de environnement 6.INADES-Formation (a local NGO) 7.ANOPACI (l’Association Nationale des Organisations Professionnelles Agricoles de Cote d’Ivoire) 8.ANARIZ (National Association of Rice Producers) 9.PNR (Projet National Riz – a government development agency) 10.Association Marché Gouro – (an association of women traders) 11.BNETD (Bureau national d’études techniques de développement -- a think-tank attached to the Prime Minister cabinet) 12.INS (Institut National de la Statistique) 13.CNRA (Centre National de Recherche Agronomique) 14.PNGTR (Programme National de Gestion des Terroirs)

7 Project objectives Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector Develop in-country methodologies for integrated assessment of trade liberalization for the rice sector Carry out integrated assessments of trade liberalization for the rice sector Develop policy packages to mitigate the negative environmental and economic impacts of trade liberalization

8 Specific Project objectives Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector 1.To take stock of the current state of the rice economy in Côte d’Ivoire, including an inventory of the initiated national, regional and international policies that affect the rice sector. 2.To assess the environmental impact of the WTO AoA induced trade liberalization measures, focusing on deforestation and rice biodiversity. 3.To analyze the impact of the WTO AoA induced trade liberalization measures on the competitiveness and income of local rice growers and on the supplies and demands of local and imported rice.

9 Specific Project objectives Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector 4.To simulate impact of the establishment of a unified Agricultural market within the UEMOA countries on the same indicators (deforestation, genetic erosion, competitiveness and income of local rice growers, and rice supply and demand) 5.To formulate recommendations to decision-makers based on the results of the study.

10 Development of In-country Methodology An integrated framework that includes: Use of modeling tools to obtain quantitative environmental and economic impact indicators A process-oriented qualitative approach that ensures the meaningful participation of stakeholders in the assessment process. Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

11 Methodology Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector Two complementary models: A disaggregated Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM or EDRC) for three rice-based systems (upland, lowland and irrigated) to assess impact on their comparative advantage, economic profitability, and environmental costs. A micro-economic model encompassing: – a model of determinants of choice for the varieties and surfaces cropped by rice growers to estimate impact on deforestation and rice biodiversity –a model of choice between imported and local rice by urban consumers to estimate the demand and supply of local and imported rice

12 Integrated Assessment of Impacts of Trade Liberalization and WTO AoA Relevant AoA trade liberalization measures: Market access measures: –conversion of non-tariff barriers into their tariff equivalent –24% tariff reduction. Domestic support measures: –13.3% reduction in total Aggregate Measurement Support (AMS). Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

13 Integrated Assessment of Impacts of Trade Liberalization and WTO AoA Rice trade liberalization policies enacted since 1995 in Cote D’Ivoire: –Privatization and liberalization of cargo rice import (July 1995) –Dissolution of the Price equalization fund (March 1996) –Reduction of tariffs on imported rice to 10 to 15% (Mars 1996) –Liberalization of the consumer price of imported rice (March 1996) Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

14 Environmental Indicators: Chemical input usage Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

15 Environmental Indicators: Level of deforestation Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

16 Environmental Indicators: Deforestation rate Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

17 Environmental Indicators: Differential deforestation rates among crops Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

18 Environmental Indicators: Rice Biodiversity Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector

19 Environmental Impacts: Impact of Modern varieties on Rice Biodiversity Trade liberalization in the Côte d’Ivoire rice sector


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