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Who Are They? And How Are They Connected? Famous statisticians, public health people and others famous individuals related to LSHTM and its surroundings.

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Presentation on theme: "Who Are They? And How Are They Connected? Famous statisticians, public health people and others famous individuals related to LSHTM and its surroundings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Who Are They? And How Are They Connected? Famous statisticians, public health people and others famous individuals related to LSHTM and its surroundings A short quiz where everyone’s a winner! MSU Retreat Cambridge 1 st April 2008

2 Sir Ronald Ross ( ) Connected to famous early work of LSHTM First Briton to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine (1902) Discovered that mosquitoes transmit malaria (1897)

3 Florence Nightingale ( ) Crimea war started in July 1854 ‘Real enemies not the Russians but cholera, typhus and dysentry’ Charge of the Light Brigade: October 1854 In 1858 she became the first woman to be elected a fellow of the Royal Statistical Society for her contribution to Army statistics and comparative hospital statistics

4 1823,1923,1990,2005 Thomas Wakely ( ) founded the Lancet in Radical journalist William Cobbett proposed that a journal like the Lancet could be used to campaign for reforms in the medical profession A surgeon who spent 17 years in the House of Commons

5 Well-known for recent work on causality in epidemiology Traced source of a cholera outbreak in Soho in 1854 Study of causality One of first physicians to study use of ether and chloroform Administered chloroform to Queen Victoria for birth of last 2 children John Snow ( )Sander Greenland

6 Charles Darwin ( )Francis Galton ( ) Francis Galton and Charles Darwin were half-cousins Galton correlation, regression and regression to the mean studied human intelligence founded Biometrika with Pearson and Weldon in 1901 undertook eugenics work considered controversial today International Eugenics Conference, London, 1912 dedicated to Galton

7 English[ cette homme ] + “er” = This man French statistician, English statistician, Siméon Denis POISSONRonald A. FISHER

8 A chemist at the Guinness brewery in Dublin from 1899 Student’s t distribution To handle small samples for quality control in brewing Arthur Guiness born 1725 in Kildare Brewing industry was suffering since English beer was less heavily taxed than Irish Brewed strong black beer in 1770 which became very successful William Gossett ( ) A pint of Guiness

9 Thought to have performed the first ever clinical trial Demonstrated that citrus fruits cure scurvy Pioneer of naval hygiene Worked on preventive medicine and hygiene and cleanliness One of our own famous clinical trialists James Lind ( ) Stuart Pocock

10 Joint work on smoking and lung cancer 1950 case-control study British doctors study Hill: MSU from 1947 MRC statistician on what many believe to be the first RCT (use of streptomycin in the treatment of tuberculosis) as opposed to Lind Fisher was highly critical of the smoking/cancer work but proposed that Hill be made a fellow of the Royal Society Austin Bradford Hill ( )Sir Richard Doll ( )

11 John Maynard Keynes ( ) Virginia Woolf ( ) Members of the Bloomsbury Group First half of 20 th century Started with a few Cambridge graduates and their friends Keynes economist Woolf Lived at 46 Gordon Square Author of Mrs Dalloway, Orlando, To the Lighthouse

12 Artemis Goddess of hunting and chastity, comforter of women in childbirth Apollo God of prophecy, music and medicine LSHTM seal Artemis is driving chariot whilst Apollo is shooting arrows Date palm for the tropical activities of the School and connection to birth of Apollo and Artemis- palm sprang up to give shade in childbirth Staff with a snake coiled for medical interests of the School

13 LSHTM

14 “Statistical Aspects of the Analysis of Data from Retrospective Studies of Disease” JNCI, 1959; 22: Nathan Mantel & William Haenszel

15 Peter Armitage (1924-) Professor in MSU Said of Austin Bradford Hill on his death: “to anyone involved in medical statistics, epidemiology or public health, Bradford Hill was quite simply the world’s leading medical statistician ” Austin Bradford Hill ( ) MSU from 1947 MRC statistician on what many believe to be the first RCT Use of streptomycin in the treatment of tuberculosis Work on smoking and lung cancer with Richard Doll 1950 case-control study British doctors study Fisher was highly critical of the smoking/cancer work but proposed that he be made a fellow of the Royal Society

16 Pearson Neyman


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