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9.4 War with Mexico HW: Read 9.4. Guerra con Mexico! President Polk tries to buy California from Mexico. His envoy, John Slidell, is refused. Polk orders.

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Presentation on theme: "9.4 War with Mexico HW: Read 9.4. Guerra con Mexico! President Polk tries to buy California from Mexico. His envoy, John Slidell, is refused. Polk orders."— Presentation transcript:

1 9.4 War with Mexico HW: Read 9.4

2 Guerra con Mexico! President Polk tries to buy California from Mexico. His envoy, John Slidell, is refused. Polk orders Gen. Zachary Taylor and 4,000 men to the Rio Grande (Fremont to California) April 25, 1846 Mexican troops kill 11 Americans US declares war (Wilmot proviso/Spot Resolution)

3 Map: Major Battles of the Mexican-American War Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

4 Gen. Zachary Taylor defeats overwhelming Mexican forces at Buena Vista (see page 275) Col. Stephen Kearny and Fremont “liberate” New Mexico and then California and declare the “Bear Flag Republic” in Gen. Winfield Scott leads successful amphibious landing at Veracruz. Leads US troops to Mexico City 1847, wins victory against great odds.

5 MAKE A TIMELINE OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO

6 Map: The Mexican War Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

7 Daguerreotype of Soldiers in Mexican American War This photograph shows General John F. Wool (in the center, wearing a heavy coat) and his staff at Saltillo, the capital of the Mexican state of Coahuila, in 1846 or Wool respected individual Mexicans as soldiers, but noted Mexico's lack of unity. "Had the nation [Mexico] been united," he wrote, "we could not have gained a single victory." (Library of Congress) Daguerreotype of Soldiers in Mexican American War Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

8 Peace Now or More War? Debate of 1847 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed in 1848, US to pay $15 million for land gained and assume claims of US citizens against Mexico Whigs call for end of war. Expansionists want to continue the invasion Gadsen Purchase extends US border south to current boundary for $10 million in 1853.

9 Peace Now or More War? Debate of 1847 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed in 1847, US to pay $15 million for land gained and assume claims of US citizens against Mexico Whigs call for end of war. Expansionists want to continue the invasion Will the Senate Ratify? Yes. But no one is happy.

10 Mexican War: After Effects Increases the US by 1/3 More land than acquired in LA Purchase Trains the men who would be Generals in the Civil War US establishes the power of its military to foreign powers Slavery issue is increasingly divisive Beginning of American Imperialism Bitter relations w/ Mexico – Ay Mexico! Tan lejos de Dios, tan cerca a los Estados Unidos

11 MAKE A MAP SHOWING HOW THE US’s BORDERS CHANGED AS A RESULT OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO

12 California Gold Rush!!! January 1848 gold discovered at Sutter’s Mill in California. Americans everywhere drop everything, literally, and rush to California, called the gold rush. Migration to CA jumps from 400 in 1848 to 44,000 in New migrants call themselves “forty-niners.” California applies for statehood as a free state.


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