Presentation on theme: "Hey Mr. G., what are we doing today? I was thinking that we could help each other prepare for our test on Thursday."— Presentation transcript:
Hey Mr. G., what are we doing today? I was thinking that we could help each other prepare for our test on Thursday
Today’s Plan – “Do Now” Review pre-test “A More Perfect Union” Review Study, Study, Study You Can do it!
“Do Now” Think and Write! Think about one question you would like to see on the test…then write it down on a piece loose-leaf paper…make sure your name is on it. I will use one of the questions as a special bonus question.
Articles of Confederation The Constitution The Preamble Bill of Rights
Articles of Confederation The Second Continental Congress formed a loose union of independent states (Confederation) to take action on a few matters. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Shays Rebellion Constitutional Convention Three-Fifths Compromise Divided the area in the Great Lakes into States Education No Slavery Rebellion led by farmers Many feared the gov’t was too weak Call for a stronger gov’t Called in 1787 to increase the power of the gov’t The Great Compromise Two Houses of Congress How slaves would be counted for the purpose of taxation and representation For every five slaves, 3 would be counted – 3/5
The Preamble “ We The People,,,” – The Constitution was created by the people, not by a king Perfect Union Establish justice Domestic tranquility Common defense General welfare Posterity What were the major goals of the Preamble?
The Constitution What is a Constitution Ideas that shaped the Constitution Federalism Powers of federal government Set of basic laws by which a nation is governed by The Iroquois – Unity Magna Carta – limited and representative gov’t John Locke – Natural Rights and Right to rebel Montesquieu – separation of powers Power is divided between the national gov’t and the states Coin Money Declare War Regulate trade between states and countries
The Constitution The Constitution continued….. Powers of the States Shared Powers Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Regulate state elections Regulate trade within state borders Establish schools Power is separated into 3 branches Each branch has some control or ability to check other branches President – Veto Congress – Override Judicial – Interprets (explains) laws Raise and collect taxes Build roads
The Constitution The Constitution continued….. Approving the Constitution What is a Federalist? What is Anti-Federalist? The Federalist Papers Delegates ratify Feared a strong government Constitution will take away state’s rights Want the rights clearly listed 85 articles written in support of the Constitution Alexander Hamilton James Madison Believed in a federal gov’t
Bill of Rights The Amendment Process The Bill of Rights 2/3 of Congress ¾ of states to ratify Guarantees basic rights and freedoms
Bill of Rights The First Ten Amendments 1.- 2.- 3.- 4.- 5.- 6.- 7.- 8.- 9.- 10.- Five Freedoms Bear Arms Lodging of troops Power to the States Search and Seizure Rights of the Accused Speedy Trial Jury Trial in Civil Cases Bail and Punishment Power to the People