Presentation on theme: "Hey Mr. G., what are we doing today?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Hey Mr. G., what are we doing today? I was thinking that we could help each other prepare for our test on Thursday
2 “A More Perfect Union” Review Today’s Plan –“Do Now”Review pre-test“A More Perfect Union” ReviewStudy, Study, StudyYou Can do it!
3 I will use one of the questions as a special bonus question. “Do Now”Think and Write!Think about one question you would like to see on the test…then write it down on a piece loose-leaf paper…make sure your name is on it.I will use one of the questions as a special bonus question.
4 Articlesof ConfederationThe PreambleThe ConstitutionBill of Rights
5 Articles of Confederation The Second Continental Congress formed a loose union of independent states (Confederation) to take action on a few matters.The Northwest Ordinance of 1787Shays RebellionConstitutional ConventionThree-Fifths CompromiseArticlesof ConfederationDivided the area in the Great Lakes into StatesEducationNo SlaveryRebellion led by farmersMany feared the gov’t was too weakCall for a stronger gov’tCalled in 1787 to increase the power of the gov’tThe Great CompromiseTwo Houses of CongressHow slaves would be counted for the purpose of taxation and representationFor every five slaves, 3 would be counted – 3/5
6 The Preamble What were the major goals of the Preamble? “We The People,,,” – The Constitution was created by the people, not by a kingPerfect UnionEstablish justiceDomestic tranquilityCommon defenseGeneral welfarePosterity
7 The Constitution The Constitution What is a Constitution Ideas that shaped the ConstitutionFederalismPowers of federal governmentSet of basic laws by which a nation is governed byThe Iroquois – UnityMagna Carta – limited and representative gov’tJohn Locke – Natural Rights and Right to rebelMontesquieu – separation of powersPower is divided between the national gov’t and the statesCoin MoneyDeclare WarRegulate trade between states and countriesThe Constitution
8 The Constitution Separation of Powers Checks and Balances The Constitution continued…..Powers of the StatesShared PowersSeparation of PowersChecks and BalancesRegulate state electionsRegulate trade within state bordersEstablish schoolsRaise and collect taxesBuild roadsPower is separated into 3 branchesEach branch has some control or ability to check other branchesPresident – VetoCongress – OverrideJudicial – Interprets (explains) lawsThe Constitution
9 The Constitution Approving the Constitution What is a Federalist? The Constitution continued…..Approving the ConstitutionWhat is a Federalist?What is Anti-Federalist?The Federalist PapersDelegates ratifyBelieved in a federal gov’tFeared a strong governmentConstitution will take away state’s rightsWant the rights clearly listed85 articles written in support of the ConstitutionAlexander HamiltonJames MadisonThe Constitution
10 Bill of Rights ¾ of states to ratify 2/3 of Congress The Amendment ProcessThe Bill of Rights2/3 of Congress¾ of states to ratifyGuarantees basic rights and freedomsBill of Rights
11 Bill of Rights The First Ten Amendments - Five Freedoms Bear Arms Lodging of troopsSearch and SeizureRights of the AccusedSpeedy TrialJury Trial in Civil CasesBail and PunishmentPower to the PeoplePower to the StatesBill of Rights