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A New Plan of Government. federalism amendment legislative branch executive branch judicial branch checks and balances Electoral College.

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Presentation on theme: "A New Plan of Government. federalism amendment legislative branch executive branch judicial branch checks and balances Electoral College."— Presentation transcript:

1 A New Plan of Government

2 federalism amendment legislative branch executive branch judicial branch checks and balances Electoral College

3 Philosophers John Locke & Baron de Montesquieu Federalists: George Washington Benjamin Franklin James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay Antifederalists: Patrick Henry Mercy Otis Warren Catherine Graham

4 ancient Greece – why? British political ideas – English Magna Carta (1215) British Parliament English Bill of Rights of 1689 European Enlightenment philosophers – John Locke natural rights government based on contract between rulers and the ruled Baron de Montesquieu separation and balance of government powers to prevent tryanny

5 Federal System - The Constitution divides power between the national government & the states Supreme Law of the Land – The Constitution is supreme; states can not make laws going against it. Branches of Government – the national government’s power is divided between three branches: legislative – makes laws executive – carries out laws judicial – court system

6 Checks & Balances – each branch has a way to limit the power of the other two branches why? National Citizens – Officials answer to the people (citizens) as they are directly or indirectly elected by the people In the Constitution, the government pledges to protect the citizens’ personal freedoms

7 Not everyone agreed with the Constitution Nine out of thirteen states needed to ratify it for it to become law & go into effect All thirteen states needed to ratify it for the country to be successful

8 The Federalists – Supported ratification of the new Constitution Wrote series of essays supporting it; called The Federalist Papers Why did they support the Constitution? The Antifederalists – Opposed ratification of the Constitution Also wrote essays against the Constitution Why did they oppose it?

9 Many states refused to ratify the Constitution without the promise of an added bill of rights to protect individual freedoms. What did the Federalists fear? a bill of rights could weaken the central government a weak central government would lead to disorder What did the Antifederalists fear? the government could be too strong and oppress the citizens without a bill of rights

10 The first state to ratify was Delaware, on 12/7/1787. The Constitution became official with the ratification of New Hampshire on June 21, 1788 (9 th state). A bill of rights amendment was promised after Virginia refused to ratify without it. Rhode Island was the last state to ratify in May A bill of rights was added in 1791.

11 7-3 Cornell Notes - due Tues. 9/ GR & SR – due Wed. 9/ Quiz is on Wed. 9/24 Vocabulary sentences & symbols – due Thurs. 9/25 Ch. 7 Test is on Fri. 9/26

12 Constitutional Influences The US Constitution Federal System Branches of Government Checks and Balances Federalists Antifederalists bill of rights


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