Presentation on theme: "Hazards of Smoking on General Health"— Presentation transcript:
1Hazards of Smoking on General Health SUMMARY OF ACTUAL PRESENTATION FOR PATIENT EDUCATIONHazards of Smoking on General Health
2SMOKING FACT SHEETMore than 400,000 people die each year in US alone due to smokingAnnually, smoking kills more people than a combined mortality from AIDS, alcohol, drug abuse, car crashes, murders, suicides, and fires
3SMOKING FACT SHEETGlobally, 1 person dies every 7 seconds from smoking related diseasesA smoker loses an average of 13.8 years of lifeOne out of every five deaths is caused by tobacco
4Passive SmokingPassive or involuntary smoking occurs when the exhaled and ambient smoke from one person's cigarette is inhaled by other people.Passive smoking involves inhaling carcinogens, as well as other toxic components, that are present in secondhand tobacco smoke.
5How Many Cigarettes Have You Smoked Without Knowing It? If you have been. . .it’s like you’ve smoked. .In a smoky bar for 2 hrs =In a nonsmoking section for 2 hrs =In a car with someone, windows closed for 1 hr =
6Passive Smoking (Cont…) Secondhand smoke is known to harm children, infants and reproductive healthAcute lower respiratory tract illness,Asthma induction and exacerbation,Chronic respiratory symptoms,Middle ear infection,Lower birth weight babies,Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS.Low-level exposure to secondhand smoke has a clinically important effect on susceptibility to cardiovascular disease,
7Facts about shisha (waterpipe) smoking A shisha is a waterpipe, inside which flavoured tobacco is partially burned.The smoke passes through water held in the waterpipe before being inhaled by smokers through tubes attached to pipe.Shisha is seen as a popular social activity, especially among youths who view this as harmless recreational activity.But Shisha smoking is dangerous.The water in the shisha pipe does NOT absorbs harmful substances in the smoke, contrary to popular belief.,In fact, even after passing through water, shisha smoke still contains higher levels of carbon monoxide, nicotine and cancer-causing chemicals.
8Facts about shisha (waterpipe) smoking This is because the burning of tobacco in a shisha using charcoal produces high levels of carbon monoxide and cancer-causing chemicals than conventional cigarettes.A smoker will inhale 100–200 times the amount of smoke produced by a single cigarette in 1 hr. As people tend to sit around and socialize with friends when smoking shisha, a session can easily last for 20–80 minutes.As people smoking shisha take more and deeper puffs from the waterpipe, a shisha smoker absorb a greater concentrations of harmful substances than a cigarette smoker
9Tobacco Addiction Motivated by the desire for nicotine. Smokers regulate their nicotine intake and blood levels by adjusting the frequency and intensity of their smoking both to obtain psychoactive effects and avoid withdrawal.Smokeless tobacco contains nicotine, carcinogens and other toxins capable of causing gum and oral disease mainly.When tobacco is burned resultant smoke contains Nicotine, CO other toxic compounds that result from volatilization, pyrolysis, pyrosynthesis of tobacco and various chemical additives.
10Effects of Smoking on Health ORALPeriodontal diseases which includes bone and tooth loss, if unchecked, it can lead to complete destruction of the tooth’s supporting tissues, abscesses and, ultimately, loss of the tooth.Dangerous gum diseasesLoss of taste sensationHalitosis (Bad breath)Staining and shifting of teethOral cancersMouth soresRoot caries (cavities)SinusitisHairy tongueSmoker’s lipLeukoplakiaSnuff Dipper’s lesionsSmoker’ palate
11Effects of Smoking on Health NON MALIGNANTGastrointestinalRespiratoryCardiovascularOcularED & InfertilityPregnancy relatedSkin wrinklingOsteoporosis
12Effects of Smoking on Health MALIGNANCIESSmoking directly causes the following cancersMales FemalesLung cancer ……………….……23.3………..12.7Bladder cancer …………….…….3.3………Oral cancer … ……..…10.9………Throat cancer …………….……..14.6……...…13.0Cancer of the esophagus ….…..6.8…………..7.8Cervical cancer ………………………….………1.6Cancer of the kidney ……………2.7………..…1.3Pancreatic cancer………………. 2.3………..…2.3Stomach cancer …………………2.0…………..1.4
14SMOKING HAZARDS - COPD Increased incidence of Asthma Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a permanent, incurable reduction of pulmonary capacity characterized by shortness of breath, wheezing, persistent cough with sputum, and damage to the lungs, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis
17SMOKING HAZARDS - EYESmoking doubles the risk of nuclear cataract. cataracts are more serious in heavy smokers than in light smokers.Age related macular degeneration (AMD) risk among smokers is 2 to 3 times higher.Smoking may accelerate the development of, or worsen diabetic retinopathy,Anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy is an eye disease that results in a sudden, painless loss of vision, often leading to permanent blindness. Smokers are at a 16-fold increased risk of developing this disease
18SMOKING HAZARDS - SEXUAL Smoking increases the risk of erectile dysfunction because blood flow into the penis is blocked by atherosclerosis.Smoking also causesAbnormal sperm shape,Impaired sperm motilityDamaged sperms,OligospermiaReduced ejaculate vol
19Smoking and Periodontitis Roughly half of periodontitis cases are attributed to current or former smoking. Smokers experience widespread periodontal destruction and have significantly greater loss of bone height
20Smoker’s PalateRelatively common tobacco related white lesion seen in the palate of a pipe, cigar or a cigarette smoker. Unless the habit is particularly intense or the patient is a reverse smoker, risk for malignancy is quite low. The combination of tobacco smoke and heat combustion is believed to be important for this tissue change.
21Smoking Stains Smoking wrinkles “For smokers, middle-age starts in their early 30’s as the tell-tale wrinkles around the mouth and eyes begin to appear. Young female smokers are likely to be wasting their money on anti-aging face creams if they continue to smoke.”
23SMOKING & ORAL CANCERA large cancer (Squamous CC) is shown growing out of neck of this patient’s neck. The cancer was due to smoking and started in patient’s mouth. The cancer eventually eroded into Carotid Artery causing massive bleeding & death.
24Snuff Dipper’s lesions A white or discolored lesion of the oral mucosa occurring at the site at which the powdered tobacco is retained. Malignant transformations are not common but do occur, usually as low-grade VERRUCOUS CARCINOMAS.
25E – CIGARETTE or PSEUDO CIGARETTE The latest craze in the UK, the battery-powered cigarette may be the answer to indoor smoking bans.Smokers still get their nicotine kick through an atomiser, which creates puffs of vapour to resemble cigarette smoke.e-cigarette is widely available throughout Europe.
26Electronic addiction: Facts about e-cigarettes E-cigarettes are devices made to resemble real cigarettes.An e-cigarette consists of a mouthpiece that has a steel chamber containing nicotine solution.As the user inhales through the e-cigarette, a heating element powered by a rechargeable battery is activated and vaporises the nicotine solution, generating a fine heated mist.The fine mist generated contains nicotine that is inhaled and absorbed into the user’s lungs.Some marketers of e-cigarettes claim that their product is an effective nicotine replacement therapy and a smoking cessation aid endorsed by the World Health Organizations (WHO).However, WHO has never officially endorsed e-cigarettes!
27Hazardous e-cigarette Smoked out of Market ABU DHABI — Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) can be hazardous to people’s health as it contains carcinogens and toxic materials, according to a senior official at the Ministry of Health (MoH).The e-cigarette cannot be recognised or marketed as a ‘quit smoking’ therapy in the Gulf Cooperation Council region, Dr Wedad Al Maidoor, head of Tobacco Control Team at the MOH told Khaleej Times.“There is general agreement in the GCC Tobacco Control Committee that e-cigarette should not be circulated in the (Gulf) market as therapy. It cannot be recognised or marketed as a kind of therapy.“There was no approval from (United States) the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that it can be used as a therapy (and) no recommendation from the MoH,” she pointed out.
28Hazardous e-cigarette Smoked out of Market Contd..“If circulated, then the same rule applies as the (real) cigarette (with) specific requirements for marketing and selling cigarette — with picture and hazard (warning),” she added.According to Dr Al Maidoor, Dubai Municipality did a test of e-cigarette recently and found them “to be very dangerous and containing a lot of hazards to health.”She added that based on the findings, the municipality will recommend a ban on the import of e-cigarettes.To read full story click below (or copy & paste) – published Khaleej Times Aug 18, 2009
29Benefits of Quitting20 min. – blood pressure and pulse return to normal, circulation improves to make hands & feet warmer24 hours – carbon monoxide is eliminated from the body and the lungs start to clear out mucus72 hours – breathing becomes easier and energy levels increase2-12 weeks – circulation improves through the body, exercise is easier5 years – risk of heart attack falls to half that of a smoker (and you save $5,000!)10 years – risk of lung cancer falls to about half that of a smoker; risk of heart attack now similar to someone who has never smokedsource: US Department of Health & Human Services and
30New developments Global Treaty 2004 (FCTC) WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control(FCTC)Need now to legislate and fund campaigns in accordance with itThe Convention entered into force on 27 February days after it had been acceded to, ratified, accepted, or approved by 40 States. ( now 160 countries have ratified)24 Countries refused to ratify inc. USA, Switzerland, CubaLack of smoking bansSome countries have no legislation against smoking whatsoever. These countries include Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, and many other countries in Central and Western Africa, where people can smoke wherever they want.
31The Fork on Tobacco Road If we act nowResult of improved funding can cut smoking rates from present 20% to 10% OR even LESS by 2015If we do nothing on present global trends, it’s estimated ONE BILLION people will die from smoking this century