2How many?Each 10 years the Census is used to determine a state’s number of representativesEach representative in the House of Representatives has approximately 650,000 constituentsCensus- Official count of the people in the country
3According to the Constitution, To become a Senator or Congress member you must… Be a resident of the state in which you are electedBe at least 25 years old for the House and a citizen for 7 yearsBe at least 30 years old for the Senate and a citizen for 9 years
4Most legislators…Have at least a college (and usually and advanced) degreeBackgrounds in business or law
5Powers of the Congress Levy and collect taxes Borrow money Regulate interstate and foreign commerceCoin moneyDeclare war
6House Senate 435 members 2 year terms Elected in districts Quicker to actLess prestigiousLess press coverageLimited floor debateMore influence on budget100 members6 year termsElected by stateSlower to actMore prestigeMore press coverageLonger floor debatesMore influence on foreign affairs
7The House of Representatives 435 Members42 African Americans75 women27 Latinos6 Asian Americans1 Native American3 Openly gay members2 Muslims2 Buddhists
8House Leadership Speaker of the House John Boehner (OH) Majority LeaderEric CantorMinority LeaderNancy PelosiMajority WhipKevin McCarthyMinority WhipSteny Hoyner
9The Speaker of the House Majority partyIs elected from whole House votePresides over House, assigns bills to committees and appoints representatives to special committees and commissionsDecides what and when bills will be debated
10How many Representatives in the House does each state have?
13The Senate 100 members 17 women 1 Latino 1 African American 1 Japanese American1 Native Hawaiian American13 JewsThe average age is 62
14Senate Leadership President of the Senate (Vice President of the US) President pro temporeMajority LeaderMinority LeaderMajority WhipMinority Whip
15How Congress checks other branches Oversees executive agenciesSenate approves presidential appointmentsHouse can vote to impeach an official and the Senate conducts the trialSenate must approve (ratify) all treatiesCongress can override presidential vetoCongress can vote to amend the ConstitutionCan create federal courts
16Elections…Since 1990, representatives running for re-election in the House have won 90 percent of the time. About 80 percent of incumbent senators win.
17Copy down how a bill becomes a law onto p. 2 of your packet from p Copy down how a bill becomes a law onto p. 2 of your packet from p. 227 of the textbook