2 How many?Each 10 years the Census is used to determine a state’s number of representativesEach representative in the House of Representatives has approximately 650,000 constituentsCensus- Official count of the people in the country
3 According to the Constitution, To become a Senator or Congress member you must… Be a resident of the state in which you are electedBe at least 25 years old for the House and a citizen for 7 yearsBe at least 30 years old for the Senate and a citizen for 9 years
4 Most legislators…Have at least a college (and usually and advanced) degreeBackgrounds in business or law
5 Powers of the Congress Levy and collect taxes Borrow money Regulate interstate and foreign commerceCoin moneyDeclare war
6 House Senate 435 members 2 year terms Elected in districts Quicker to actLess prestigiousLess press coverageLimited floor debateMore influence on budget100 members6 year termsElected by stateSlower to actMore prestigeMore press coverageLonger floor debatesMore influence on foreign affairs
7 The House of Representatives 435 Members42 African Americans75 women27 Latinos6 Asian Americans1 Native American3 Openly gay members2 Muslims2 Buddhists
8 House Leadership Speaker of the House John Boehner (OH) Majority LeaderEric CantorMinority LeaderNancy PelosiMajority WhipKevin McCarthyMinority WhipSteny Hoyner
9 The Speaker of the House Majority partyIs elected from whole House votePresides over House, assigns bills to committees and appoints representatives to special committees and commissionsDecides what and when bills will be debated
10 How many Representatives in the House does each state have?
13 The Senate 100 members 17 women 1 Latino 1 African American 1 Japanese American1 Native Hawaiian American13 JewsThe average age is 62
14 Senate Leadership President of the Senate (Vice President of the US) President pro temporeMajority LeaderMinority LeaderMajority WhipMinority Whip
15 How Congress checks other branches Oversees executive agenciesSenate approves presidential appointmentsHouse can vote to impeach an official and the Senate conducts the trialSenate must approve (ratify) all treatiesCongress can override presidential vetoCongress can vote to amend the ConstitutionCan create federal courts
16 Elections…Since 1990, representatives running for re-election in the House have won 90 percent of the time. About 80 percent of incumbent senators win.
17 Copy down how a bill becomes a law onto p. 2 of your packet from p Copy down how a bill becomes a law onto p. 2 of your packet from p. 227 of the textbook