Presentation on theme: "West Georgia RESA The West Georgia RESA team is Committed to promoting student Achievement through collaboration, innovation, service and leadership."— Presentation transcript:
West Georgia RESA The West Georgia RESA team is Committed to promoting student Achievement through collaboration, innovation, service and leadership.
Designing Instructional Environments for In-School Suspension or Strategies for Keeping SWD on Target Terry Flanders
All information provided today is based on: Numerous research studies Professional articles Interviews with ISS staff Interviews with handicapped and non- handicapped students serving time in ISS
Let’s begin with the premise that all students are capable of choosing appropriate behavior… but we cannot assume they know what appropriate behavior is. So what do we do?
To this day, researchers have validated the findings of J.S. Kounin in regard to identifying strategies for effectively managed classrooms. Teach behavioral rules and procedures as one teaches instructional content. Through personal warmth and encouragement communicate high expectations for student learning and behavior.
Specify consequences and explain the connection between rule violations and imposed sanctions. Enforce classroom rules promptly, consistently and equitably. Students share in classroom management rather than viewing discipline as something imposed from the outside. (empowerment) Maintain a brisk pace for instruction
Observe and comment on student behavior, reinforce through verbal, symbolic and tangible rewards. Use humor Intervene quickly Improve communication with parents.
What Practices Contribute to Student Misbehavior? Vague or unenforceable rules Teachers ignoring misconduct Ambiguous or inconsistent teacher responses to misbehavior Punishment which is excessive or which is delivered without support or encouragement for improving behavior
Now we need to look at discipline vs. punishment Discipline is proactive-training that produces specified patterns of behavior Punishment is reactive-the imposition of sometimes arbitrary consequences by adults
Discipline, Punishment or Reward What does ISS look like in our area?
2006-2007 SYSTEM_NAME Carroll County Coweta County Harris County Heard County Meriwether County Troup County Carrollton City System Name 6-8 Student Count6-8 ISS Students6-8 ISS Rate 374455714.88% 5367370.69% 121839332.27% 53916230.06% 86320723.99% 307995030.85% 97522022.56%
2006-2007 System Name 9-12 Student Count9-12 ISS Students9-12 ISS Rate Carroll County 465175116.15% Coweta County 6393115017.99% Harris County 159939724.83% Heard County 66229544.56% Meriwether County 117322319.01% Troup County 3691130035.22% Carrollton City 117128424.25%
Frequently non-certified personnel supervise. They are not always aware of SWD or have the skills to work with them FAPE could become an issue They may have the power to add days
Frequently ISS was housed in a mobile unit away from the main building Most individual cubicles stained gray ISS teachers had phones, walkie-talkies and a computer Students ate lunch in cubicles or in the cafeteria before others arrived In some situations regular restroom breaks were scheduled, sometimes students went alone
Several Schools use coaches to man ISS Typically the atmosphere was very positive Students returned just to “visit” Frequently too reinforcing
10. Talking in Class 9. Fighting, but not my fault 8. Repeated tardies 7. Accumulated demerits 6. Possession of cell phone, text msg. in class 5. Dress code violation, teacher said crack was showing
4. Would do anything to avoid going to Ms. Pruneburger’s 7 th period class 3.Put pom-poms in my BMW without a pass 2. Superglued a girl’s rear-end to her chair 1. The illusive Georgia beast… “hellifIknow”
ISS students seem to fall into three categories: Yes Maybe No Research Report: In-School Suspension Is It Working?
“Yes” students are rarely in trouble, horrified when caught and their parents will follow up at home. ISS has an immediate emotional impact. “Maybe” students are altogether different. They are rule testers and constantly challenge the system. Maybe they will follow the rules, maybe not. ISS helps them if emphasis is put on values clarification. “No” students say no to school, no to rules, no to extra-curricular activities. Typically they struggle in school, have low grades, neither parent contact nor intermittent counseling concurrent with suspensions help.
What Does Help the “No” Student? In addition to a consistent, fair and predictable environment add: An emotional connection with at least one adult in the school setting One to one attention True discipline with a focus on rehabilitation Providing a feeling of academic support
Convincing them they need help and it is O.K. to take it Reflection sheets and dialogue by themselves do not elicit change but do provide an avenue for making the connection required for genuine discipline
ISS Staff Concerns Teachers do not always send assignments Do not know who is a SWD Not sure how to treat SWD Most report approximately 30% to 50% as SWD Not equipped with books or computers Feel strongly that some teachers work hard to write up students just to get them out of their class.
Tardies For those who do know who is a SWD, most are concerned with the high rate of recidivism Special Ed. Teachers do not have the time to consistently work with students in ISS
Factors That Contribute to Success in ISS: Several computers for student use Computer programs-contact firstname.lastname@example.org Support for parents who really do not have control over their children Counselors work with repeat offenders 1 on 1 Anger management counseling Work with graduation coach
In some situations allowing a student to attend 1 period per week as a reinforcing time out procedure Teach study skills Teachers using some of their planning time to work with ISS students Allow appropriate 12 th graders to mentor 9 th and 10 th graders
Coach regular ed. teachers to improve classroom mgt. and student/teacher relations Increased parent contacts Participation in the negotiation of contracts
“What are you going to do to make it right?” Training in problem solving, self instruction and situation awareness Social and extrinsic reinforcement of acceptable behaviors Funding for after hours transportation Increased contacts with probation officers Redeveloping the FBA and BIP of students with disabilities
Generic Continuum of Strategies Expulsion OSS ISS Parent Conference Lunch Detention Other Consequence Accumulated Demerits Teacher Redirects Student handbook distributed
The impact of the ISS discipline program appears highly dependent on the individual student. Since the possibility of one strategy being successful for every student personality is highly unlikely considering the multitude of variables per setting, let’s rethink how much importance and what placement ISS should receive.
The Bottom Line Think of every positive reinforcer and every negative consequence that could possibly be implemented in the building of a positive school environment as equal. They have equal effectiveness just as each brick in the school building has an equal effect.
Remember, ISS isn’t a cure all. “All in all it’s just another brick in the wall!”