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The Principal’s Role in Developing Academic and Behavioral Expectations that Systematically Support School Culture Presenters Jeromey M. Sheets, Ed.D Past.

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Presentation on theme: "The Principal’s Role in Developing Academic and Behavioral Expectations that Systematically Support School Culture Presenters Jeromey M. Sheets, Ed.D Past."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Principal’s Role in Developing Academic and Behavioral Expectations that Systematically Support School Culture Presenters Jeromey M. Sheets, Ed.D Past President, OAESA Principal, Tallmadge Elementary School Lancaster (OH) City Schools Paul G. Young, Ph.D. Past President, OAESA & NAESP Retired CEO National AfterSchool Association

2 About the Presenters Jeromey Sheets, Ed.D.  15 year veteran principal  Has led four schools  Past President of OAESA  NAESP State Representative  Last school earned 8/8 on Ohio Report Card  One OAESA Hall of Fame School Paul Young, Ph.D.  19 year veteran principal  Has led four schools  Past President of OAESA  Past President of NAESP  Last school earned highest district scores in reading (Gr. 1, 4 & 6)  Two OAESA Hall of Fame Schools  Retired CEO, National AfterSchool Association

3 Presentation Goals build positive school culture create a comprehensive behavior support system establish positive relationships with parents enhance instructional leadership Review and further develop strategies that…

4 What is School Culture? Beliefs Values Traditions Behavioral Patterns Safety Practices Climate Environment The Way Things Are Done

5 What is School Culture? ASCD’s Lexicon of Learning defines school culture as: The sum of the values, cultures, safety practices, and organizational structures within a school that cause it to function and react in particular ways. Some schools are said to have a nurturing environment that recognizes children and treats them as individuals; others may have the feel of authoritarian structures where rules are strictly enforced and hierarchical control is strong. Teaching practices, diversity, and the relationships among administrators, teachers, parents, and students contribute to school climate. School climate refers mostly to the school's effects on students, whereas school culture refers more to the way teachers and other staff members work together.

6 If culture is the personality of the organization, then climate represents that organization’s attitude. It is much easier to change an organization’s attitude (climate) than it is to change its personality (culture). Steve Gruenert Indiana State University

7 Essentials of School Culture Focus on reflection Democratic governance Clear policies and expectations for behavior Student leadership Respect and caring Diversity recognized and celebrated Inter-grade & across-grade student groupings Pick Me Ups (formal time to start each day as a community) Rituals (e.g. new student orientation; International Night; alumni reunions; etc.) Students are comfortable talking with adults about academic and personal issues High attendance, graduation, and college acceptance rates Low dropout rate Emphasis on professional development/life-long learning for staff members Fun! See more at: From Big Picture Learning - Dennis Littky, Providence, RI

8 Key Elements that Frame School Culture Structure Powerful work ethic Common behavioral and academic expectations for students and staff Trust Staff and parent empowerment

9 Establish Structure Mission Vision Transparency Expectations Establish Decision Making Policies Common Knowledge Staff Development Shared Goals Evaluation

10 Mission and Vision Statements A mission statement explains why your school existsA mission statement explains why your school exists The “why” is the guiding purpose of all you doThe “why” is the guiding purpose of all you doSuggestion A school’s mission is to teach (and promote learning)A school’s mission is to teach (and promote learning) A vision statement must explain (in detail) what your learning community hopes to achieveA vision statement must explain (in detail) what your learning community hopes to achieveSuggestion Break down your vision by the week, month, year, multiyearBreak down your vision by the week, month, year, multiyear Communicate it oftenCommunicate it often

11 Teach and Establish a Work Ethic Do what you say you will do when you said you would do it. We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence then is not an act, but a habit. - Aristotle

12 Professional Work Ethic Virtues 1.Attitude 2.Common Sense 3.Competence 4.Gratitude 5.Initiative 6.Integrity 7.Perseverance 8.Professionalism 9.Reliability 10.Respect

13 Teach Common Expectations Students (and staff) know exactly what is expected Students know what will happen if they cross over the line Students understand the meaning of consequences Energy, enthusiasm, and dedication are pervasive Teachers supervise every inch of instructional space Student-teacher interactions are fair, firm and consistent Pride is observable From Newell, (2012) Classroom Management in the Music RoomNewell, (2012) Classroom Management in the Music Room

14 Poll What behavioral expectation is the most important for students and staff to understand at your school? 1. Playground rules and expectations 2. Cafeteria rules and expectations 3. Reason/s for office referrals

15 Guide to the Professional Management of Students Your Elementary School Somewhere, USA Purpose of this Guide Clarification of the principal’s expectations Intentional teaching of positive behaviors to students (and staff) Empowerment of professional staff Template for PowerPoint is available upon request

16 Areas of Student Supervision and Management Morning line-up Homeroom/announcements Classroom instruction Restroom breaks Library/computer lab Hallway movements (to and from other areas) Assemblies Cafeteria Resource classes Lunchroom Lunch recess Indoor recess Office referrals Detentions Dismissal (walkers, bus room, etc.)

17 Keys to Successful Student Management Attain staff buy-in Structure the student day Teach preventative management strategies Reinforce of pro-social behavior Role-model of all desired behaviors Integrate a Code of Conduct into daily instruction

18 Teach How to Make a Line Practice makes perfectPractice makes perfect Stand behind the next studentStand behind the next student All bodies, heads, and eyes face forwardAll bodies, heads, and eyes face forward Keep in personal spaceKeep in personal space No talkingNo talking Sample School Structure/Expectations PowerPoint Slide

19 Teach Hallway Movements No student talking, only teacher voice for directions Keep to the right in halls and on stairs Do not disrupt instruction in other classrooms Keep hands off student work on walls Consider it a challenge to be the best managed class in the school while moving in lines Sample School Structure/Expectations PowerPoint Slide

20 In an Effective School, There Are Five Major Reasons for Office Referrals Personal injury Cheating Illegal or illicit behavior (stealing, drugs, etc.) Danger or threat to other students or adults Overt refusal to follow a staff member’s direction

21 Rationale for School-Wide Student Management and Code of Conduct Schools must be safe and productive Schools must create a climate with a high expectancy of student success Students must be motivated and engaged Staff must be guided to prevent problems and to view those that do occur as “opportunities for teaching”

22 Sample Code of Conduct W ork for QualityW ork for Quality E arn RespectE arn Respect S afety FirstS afety First T reat Others KindlyT reat Others Kindly Modify to fit your needs Suggestion - Keep a code simple and easy to recite

23 At Cedar Heights Elementary, I am expected to live ABOVE the LINE! H onesty O wnership R esponsibility N eatness E xpectations T olerance Line of Choice B laming E xcuses D enial

24 Communicate and Connect Congratulations!___________________________ is being recognized with this HORNET Award by _________________ for following Cedar Heights School Above the Line Expectations. At Cedar Heights we believe in: H onesty O wnership R esponsibility N eatness E xpectations T olerance Please sign this form and send it back with your child so he/she may be included in a weekly drawing for a prize. ______________________________ Parent Signature

25 When a School Is Well Structured and Staff Effectively Manages Student Behavior… Office referrals are minimal Removals from school are infrequent Behavior incidents are minor and routine Success rate for individual behavior plans is high Staff/parent/administrative satisfaction is high

26 The Principal Sets the Tone in Establishing School Culture Be visible Choose a positive attitude Identify patterns of behavior (students and staff) Don’t procrastinate; address problems Empower staff to be the disciplinarians Keep the “Monkeys off Your Back” Gather good ideas from other schools Look professional

27 “The most powerful single influence enhancing achievement is feedback.” Oral feedback is more effective than written Quality feedback is needed, not more feedback Much of the feedback provided by the teacher to the student is not valued and not acted on The most powerful feedback is provided from the student to the teacher and or to peers. Feedback is Essential in School Culture

28 Strategies for Instructional Change Establish effective, evidence-based intervention processes Establish systems to address all learners’ needs Remove labels Assign teachers to strengths Focus on Tier I data Establish professional learning communities Replace IAT with Kid Talks Lead expanded learning opportunities in before and afterschool program

29 Build Trust Principals Must LEAD L earn E valuate A ttitude D ecision LEAD involves measuring, monitoring, maintaining, and maximizing the school’s instructional program.

30 Poll What academic expectation is the most important for students and staff to understand at your school? 1. Homework 2. Time-on-task with in-class work 3. Differentiated instruction

31 Avoid the Villains of Decision Making Narrow framing limiting options to consider Confirmation bias seeking information that bolsters beliefs Short-term emotions being swayed by emotions that fade Overconfidence too much faith placed on predictions

32 Communicate with Parents Share daily learning targets Communicate positives each day Involve parents in the RTI process Establish trusting relationships Identify and encourage parent leaders

33 At its best, student culture is the cornerstone of a learning environment where student intellect and character will both thrive. The key to building a great culture is consistency At its best, student culture is the cornerstone of a learning environment where student intellect and character will both thrive. The key to building a great culture is consistency - Paul Bambrick-Santoyo Kappan, May 2014

34 Poll Of the three options listed, what is the biggest culture killer at your school? 1. Student unrest, lack of discipline/respect; bullying 2. Trust - poor staff relations; isolated teachers 3. Absentee - uninvolved parents

35 My “To Do” List Cite several take-aways, implications, or strategies that you have determined to further develop to enhance your school culture

36 Meet Us In Nashville!! Share your vision of positive school culture with other principals Saturday, July 12, 10:15-11:45 a.m.Saturday, July 12, 10:15-11:45 a.m. Canal C – Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention CenterCanal C – Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center

37 Recommended Reading

38 Resources Blanchard, K. Oncken, W., Burrows, H. (1989). The One Minute Manager Meets the Monkey. New York: Blanchard Family Partnership and the William Oncken Corporation.The One Minute Manager Meets the Monkey Brafman, O. & Brafman, R. (2010). Click: The Magic of Instant Connections. New York: Random House.Click: The Magic of Instant Connections Chester, E. (2012). Reviving Work Ethic: A Leader’s Guide to Ending Entitlement and Restoring Pride in the Workforce. Austin, TX; Greenleaf Book Group Press.Reviving Work Ethic: A Leader’s Guide to Ending Entitlement and Restoring Pride in the Workforce Espinoza, C., Ukleja, M., & Rusch, C. (2010). Managing the Millennials: Discover the Core Competencies for Managing Today’s Workforce. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Managing the Millennials: Discover the Core Competencies for Managing Today’s Workforce Hatte, J. (2009). Visible Learning. New York: Routledge.Visible Learning. New York: Routledge. Heath, C. & Heath, D. (2013). Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life and Work. New York: Crown Business/Random House.Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life and Work. Hess, F. (2013). Cage-Busting Leadership. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.Cage-Busting Leadership Maxwell, J. (2002). Leadership 101. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers.Leadership 101 Newell, D. (2012). Classroom Management in the Music Room. San Diego: Neil A Kjos Music Company.Classroom Management in the Music Room. Young, P., Sheets, J. & Knight, D. (2005). Mentoring Principals: Frameworks, Agendas, Tips, and Case Stories for Mentors and Mentees. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.Mentoring Principals: Frameworks, Agendas, Tips, and Case Stories for Mentors and Mentees. Young, P. (2008). Promoting Positive Behaviors: An Elementary Principal’s Guide to Structuring the Learning Environment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.Promoting Positive Behaviors: An Elementary Principal’s Guide to Structuring the Learning Environment

39 Web Resources A Resource and Promising Practices Guide for School Administrators & Faculty: Section I: School Climate and Culture; New York State Education DepartmentSection I: School Climate and Culture Bambrick-Santoyo. (2014). Build a meaningful student culture from Day One. Kappan 95(8), Build a meaningful student culture from Day One Gruenert, Steve. (2008). School Culture, School Climate: They Are Not the Same Thing. Principal, March/April 2008, National Association of Elementary School Principals. Habegger, Shelly (2008). The Principals Role in Successful Schools: Creating a Positive School Culture. Principal, September/October 2008, National Association of Elementary School Principals.The Principals Role in Successful Schools: Creating a Positive School Culture Is Your School's Culture Toxic or Positive? Is Your School's Culture Toxic or Positive? Education World Kuntz, Brad (2012) ASCD Community: Create a Positive School Culture. Volume 54, Number 9, (formerly the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development).Create a Positive School Culture MacNeil, A., Prater, D., Busch, S. (2009). The effects of school culture and climate on student achievement. Volume 12, No. 1, 73-84, International Journal Leadership in Education.The effects of school culture and climate on student achievement Positive School Climate Tool KitPositive School Climate Tool Kit, Minneapolis Public Schools. School ClimateSchool Climate: National School Climate Center. Sheets, J. & Young, P. (2013). Frame Your School’s Culture. Principal Navigator - OAESA, 9(1), p. 6-8.Frame Your School’s Culture Sheninger, Eric ( ). The Secrets to Creating a Positive School Culture. A Principal’s Reflection (Blog).The Secrets to Creating a Positive School Culture Zakrzewski, Vicki (2013). How to Create a Positive School Climate. Greater Good Science Center.How to Create a Positive School Climate

40 Presenter Contact Information Jeromey M. Sheets, Ed.D Wheeling Rd NE Lancaster, OH (C) (H) Paul G. Young, Ph.D. 485 Crestview Drive Lancaster, OH (C) (H)


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