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A workshop for using some of most powerful, practical tools in documented prevention science Welcome, future PAX Leaders By…Penn State University, PAXIS.

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Presentation on theme: "A workshop for using some of most powerful, practical tools in documented prevention science Welcome, future PAX Leaders By…Penn State University, PAXIS."— Presentation transcript:

1 A workshop for using some of most powerful, practical tools in documented prevention science Welcome, future PAX Leaders By…Penn State University, PAXIS Institute and Johns Hopkins University

2 2 The Center for Prevention & Early Intervention Director, Nick Ialongo, Ph.D. Co-Director, Phil Leaf, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School Of Public Health & the Baltimore City Public Schools Welcome

3 3 The Center for Prevention & Early Intervention The Center for Prevention and Early Intervention has received a 5-year grant from the National Institutes of Mental Health and Drug Abuse to determine the most effective ways to improve classroom behavior and academic achievement, and to prevent violence, mental health and drug abuse problems among students. Welcome

4 4 Project History Baltimore Prevention Trials –Family School Partnership –Good Behavior Game PATHS Prevention Trials PAX Game/PeaceBuilders Trials Welcome

5 5 Proposed Center Intervention Initiatives Try out a comprehensive classroom-wide preventive intervention for K-5 called PATHS to PAX which is the Combination of the Good Behavior Game (GBG), Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS), and Family- School Partnership (FSP). Start with K-2 in the school year. Welcome

6 6 Proposed Center Assessment Initiatives To develop and pilot test a computerized assessment system for (a) teachers to use in evaluating students behavior and academic performance and (b) to identify children in need of more intensive preventive and treatment interventions. Welcome

7 7 PATHS to PAX Team Johns Hopkins University –Nicholas Ialongo –Brenda Kelly –Dana Darney Penn State University –Celene Domitrovich –Alison Rosen –Howard Rosen –Kitt Camplese PAXIS Institute –Dennis Embry –Claire Richardson The team joins PATHS, Good Behavior Game, Family School Partnerships to achieve PAX.

8 8 BCPSS Practice Network The Center for Prevention & Early Intervention and BCPSS created a Practice Network directed by Dr. Ben Feldman (BCPSS) and Dr. Phil Leaf (JHU). The Practice Network Executive Committee includes staff from BCPSS, JHU, University of Maryland and other groups working with BCPSS. The purpose of the Executive Committee is to ensure that programs being introduced are targeted in areas of highest need and are the programs most acceptable to the families, students, and staff of BCPSS.

9 9 BCPSS Practice Network Baltimore City Public School System –Linda Chinnia, Ben Feldman, Gayle Amos, April Lewis, LaVerne Sykes, Lorraine Wizda, Charlotte Wing, Jim Smith, Louise Fink, Maryanne Ralls, Michael Hamilton, Sue Cutter, Pamela Bowman, Marsha Taylor, Sheila Drummond, Tyrone Mercer, David Dadds, Chuck Muller, LaVernee Curley, David Stone, Ike Diibor, Laura Weeldreyer, Patricia Burrell, Peggy Jackson-Jobe University of MD –Mark Weist, Marcia Glass-Siegel Johns Hopkins University –Phil Leaf, Nicholas Ialongo, Catherine Bradshaw, Manuel Raposo, Jacquelyn Duval-Harvey, Cliff Melick, Brenda Kelly, Dana Darney

10 10 The Project Supports Educators increase academic and social proficiency increase engaged learning reduce classroom disruptions increase attendance and school bonding reduce the need for IEP’s and Special Ed improve the working environment Welcome

11 11 In Appreciation… Teachers, school mental health professionals, and principals will each receive the following for their participation: –Desktop computer or PDA for use in school –Stipends for participating in any informational or training meetings The Center will also cover the cost of any training and intervention materials. Welcome

12 PATHS to PAX Housekeeping, goals of training and foundation for PATHS to PAX

13 13 Imagine Imagine that you as a teacher, as staff at school, acting on your own and together with others, could actively change the odds for hundreds or thousands of children. Imagine that that you as teacher or staff member, could be a kernel or seed of light, hope, and resiliency so that the children at your site have a measurably better world. Over the next few days, you will learn how this can and will become real, when you learn how to use, and apply, PATHS to PAX. You will make a world full of PAX Leaders. Welcome

14 14 Workshop Purpose Learn how to use and walk PATHS that will: –Increase time for teaching by as much as an hour a day and boost engaged learning by 25% per day. –Improve the children’s ability to think, feel and behave in a way that helps them succeed in school, in relationships and life. –Level the odds so that children from adversity or with risk—be they black, white, brown, yellow or red—succeed –Make your life less stressful and teaching more enjoyable. –Save money and pain for families, schools and communities. –Reduce the life-time risk of students you teach to use tobacco, alcohol, drugs or engage in crime or violent behavior by 20%, 40% or more. Welcome

15 15 Your tools for the the event… Your agenda Your PATHS to PAX materials Your other workshop handouts Your name on a PAX stick A pen or pencil and paper Forms that need completion Your brain and attention Housekeeping

16 16 Expectations Be a model learner — Please show attention, politeness, participation, and good or hard questions. Facilitate learning of others. Turn pagers or cell phones to vibrate or off. If you have an emergency situation for which you may be called, please step outside. Check phones or pagers during breaks if no emergency conditions exist. Pay attention to your body – Move, use the restroom, get water, etc. with minimum disruptions to others. Keep other distractions stored - Paperwork, forms, other reading materials, etc. can wait. Housekeeping

17 17 Human Care Location of restrooms Food and refreshments Breaks Special needs of any participants (hearing, seeing, mobility, language, etc.) Job roles (go-getters, scribes, timekeepers, comfort monitors, etc.) Housekeeping

18 18 What you will learn 1.Develop PAX Vision of where we are going: faithfulness to purpose 2.Promote PAX PATHS via formal learning; preparing you to promote lessons on how to walk on the journey toward PAX 3.Practice PAX daily on the road toward our vision. Housekeeping PAX Vision Practice 3x per day Promote Alternative Thinking Strategies 2 x per week by lessons

19 19

20 20 Why a Triad? Vision without skill equals aimlessness Skill without purpose is pointless Knowledge without practice is empty Purpose, knowledge and skill lay foundation a better world When all three are combined with reinforcement or recognition from peers and adults, lasting hope for PAX emerges Have to be “reinforced” for use of skill A skill without immediate benefit will wither when threats loom; delay of gratification is difficult at multiple levels. Foundations

21 21 #1 Create PATHS to PAX Vision PAX is Latin. It means peace, productivity, health and happiness. It is balance and harmony in daily life. Imagine that we were in wonderful school or classroom where PAX was real, tangible and present. What would we see, hear, feel & do MORE of and LESS of? Foundations

22 22 #2 Promote PATHS to PAX Learn how to prepare children for a path toward PAX by: –2 x per week brief lessons on Positive Alternative Thinking Strategies –Teach, promote and model skills that enable children to develop emotional regulation –Teach,promote and model skills that improve positive daily interactions with peers and adults Foundations

23 23 #3 Practice PAX Learn how to move from words to deeds by using: –3x per day PAX Game during regular routines. –Strategies during routines that cue PAX –Strategies that recognize and reward PAX –Modeling PAX for others to copy Foundations

24 24 Key Principles Children’s behavior is adaptive –Human emotion drives behavior –The environment shapes biology and behavior –Skills serve survival (two-legged predators) –Delay of gratification can only sustain in PAX –What is reinforced gets repeated Partners are necessary to change the environment for long-term PAX: peers, teachers, parents & community We are PAX Foundations

25 25 The Brain Wires for PAX or Pain Foundations PAX or Pain wires from what we perceive, what we think, how we language, and what we do Promote Practice PAX Vision

26 26 PAX relationship to academics Academics require team work Academics require ability to recruit and engage others to learn from Academics require ability to focus Higher order thinking requires lowered emotional distress Without PAX, immediate gratification rules Foundations

27 27 Learn why it works and more Learn about best practice research in many studies and best practice status with many organizations Learn about brainecogenomics (brain + ecology + genes) underlying the PATHS to PAX Learn how you can see PATHS to PAX work with children before your eyes Foundations

28 28 3 Reasons to Go Down the Path You and your students will experience PAX, less stress and pain. Increases time for engaged learning, and reduces disruptions as much as 90%. These best practices reduce your need for other programs, save money, reduce lifetime problems, meet all mandates, and are best practices. Foundations

29 29 Net Profit for PAX Foundations How would life be different if you had 20+ more days to teach, yet no days were added to the school year—just from having PAX?

30 30 Stress Reduction for Teachers Simple, scientifically proven daily habits help adults… 1-3 Grams Omega 3 regular or (pharmaceutical such as if pregnant) Frequent social contact from non-family members 3-PAX per day –Written Gratitude to a co-worker (A tootle note) –Written Gratitude to a student (A tootle note) –Written Gratitude for another person or event (A tootle note) 400 Mg. Folic Acid (during pregnancy) Your brain needs PAX, too. Foundations Haag, M., Essential Fatty Acids and the Brain. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, (3): p Helland, I.B., et al., Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children's IQ at 4 years of age. Pediatrics, (1): p. e Steptoe, A., et al., Loneliness and neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory stress responses in middle-aged men and women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, (5): p

31 Introduction Social Emotional Learning

32 32 Emotional IQ Video Social Emotional Learning

33 33 What is Social Emotional Learning? Social and emotional learning (SEL) refers to knowledge, habits, skills and ideals that are at the heart of a child's academic, personal, social, and civic development. They are necessary for success in both school and life. Social Emotional Learning

34 34 Children who lack these skills: Enter school at risk for stable and escalating behavior problems Risk learning problems and academic delays Risk peer rejection and victimization Risk adolescent problems in areas of school failure, substance use, and criminal activity Social Emotional Learning

35 35 Stages of Developmental Integration 1. Infancy: (Birth to 18 months) * Emotion = Communication * Arousal & Desire = Behavior 2. Toddlerhood: (18 months to 36 months) * Language supplements Emotion = Communication * Very initial development of emotional labeling * Arousal and Desire = Behavior 3. Preschool Years: (3 to 6 years) * Language develops powerful role * Child can recognize/label basic emotions * Arousal & desire > symbolic mediation > behavior * Development of role-taking abilities * Beginning of reflective social planning & problem-solving (Generation of alternative plans for behavior Social Emotional Learning

36 36 4. School Years: (6 to years) * Thinking in language has become habitual * Increasing ability to reflect on & plan sequences of action * Developing ability to consider multiple consequences of action * Increasing ability to take multiple perspectives on a situation 5. Adolescence (6 to years) * Utilize language in service of hypothetical thoughts * Ability to simultaneously consider multiple perspectives More Stages… Social Emotional Learning

37 37 Brief Reflections Write down what social-emotional skills that children most need to be successful in your school? What social emotional problem in kids pushes your buttons the most? Social Emotional Learning

38 38 What Is PAX? Play Are You a PAX Leader? Do PAX Vision

39 39 The PAX Vision What will happen MORE?What will happen LESS?

40 40 15 Minute Break 15:00 Social Emotional Learning

41 41 Overview of PATHS to PAX Materials & Lessons

42 42 Basic Lesson Format Goals Objectives Notes to Teacher Materials Setting the Stage Lesson Dialogue Transition Reminders Extension Activities Family Communication Looking Ahead

43 43 PATHS to PAX Practices The Kid of the Day

44 44

45 Lunch Enjoy! “Enough blah, blah, blah. Let’s eat.” Day 1 Breakout

46 46 PATHS to PAX Lessons Feelings

47 47 Key Emotion Concepts We all have feelings All feelings are OK Feelings are different from behaviors

48 48 Sample Feeling Faces

49 49 PATHS to PAX Lessons Building Self Control

50 50

51 51

52 52 PATHS to PAX Lessons Building Problem Solving Skills

53 53

54 54

55 Next Week More on Self Control, Practicing PATHS to PAX skills with the Good Behavior Game, Integration Activities


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