Presentation on theme: "Bullying Issues Act 681 of 2003 Northwest Arkansas Child Care Resource & Referral Center 614 E. Emma, Suite # 135 Springdale, AR 72764 479-751-3463 www.nwachildcare.org."— Presentation transcript:
Bullying Issues Act 681 of 2003 Northwest Arkansas Child Care Resource & Referral Center 614 E. Emma, Suite # 135 Springdale, AR Carolene Thornton Ed.D
Bullying is zRepeated hurtful behavior by one or more persons toward another person or persons
BULLYING Behaviors: z Bullying behavior may include: yphysical, yverbal, ywritten and/or yemotional abuse yintended to be intimidating ythreatening yharmful to another person.
Bullying occurs whenever one or more persons enjoys using power to repeatedly and consistently harm one or more people.
ACT 681 zIn 2003 the 84 th General Assembly of the Arkansas State Legislature enacted House Bill #2274 as Act 681 of 2003 yRequires every school to adopt anti-bullying policies. yRequires publishing notice of the policy. yRequires mandatory reporting. yRecommends staff training. yRequires filing of policy with ADE.
Anti-Bullying Policy Required zEvery school and school district is required to adopt an anti-bullying policy including: yA definition of bullying, yAge appropriate consequences, yA plan for publishing the policy, yProvide training
Policy to be Posted zBullying posters and consequences must be posted in every: yClassroom yCafeteria yRestroom yGymnasium yAuditorium ySchool Bus
Policy Notification zIn addition, copies of this policy are to be given to: yParents yStudents ySchool Volunteers ySchool Employees
Mandatory Reporting zAll school employees must report any incident of bullying. zAll incidents of bullying are to be reported to the school principal. zThe employee is immune from tort liability.
Training zThe local school board may provide opportunities for school employees to participate in programs or other activities designed to develop the knowledge and skills to prevent and respond to acts covered by this policy.
District Required to File zThe school district must file a copy of their policies with the Arkansas Department of Education. yThe Department of Education must review the policy and may make recommendations for changes or improvements.
To be Considered Bullying : zThere must be: Repeated and consistent negative actions. Imbalance of power between the child who bullies and the target child. Contrasting feelings between the child who bullies and the target child as a result of the bullying.
4 Types of Bullying zPhysical zVerbal zRelational zCyber-Bullying
PHYSICAL z Physical bullies hurt people and/or damage property.
VERBAL z Verbal bullies use humiliation and insulting comments
RELATIONAL Relational bullies (often girls) influence their peers to reject or exclude another child. Example: The movie: Mean Girls
CYBER-BULLYING zUsing technology to: * Threaten * Intimidate * Scare * Gossip * Rumor * Demean * Harass z
Recent Bully Research zResearch suggests today that bullies tend to have: Inflated self esteem Need to feel powerful Family history
Who are the Victims? zResearch studies have indicated that 1 in every 10 students are regularly harassed or hurt by bullies. zA survey reflected that 87% of the 4 th graders responding to a survey had been bullied. zAn ‘unscientific’ survey by a local northwest Arkansas educator found similar results.
Anti-Bullying Programs z We encourage all school districts to develop and implement a school-wide bullying program. z Some suggested curriculum and books; ySecond Step yBullyProofing Your Schools yThe Bully Free Classroom ySet Straight on Bullies (video)
How to Identify a Problem z How do you know if bullying is a problem? yAsk the students yPerform a survey yHave the students write essays yPut up a suggestion box yUse ‘silent’ complaint forms
MYTHS about Bullying z All bullying is physical. z Bullying is just playing around. z Bullying is normal peer conflict. z Bullying is only a boy’s issue. z Bullying has no lasting effects. z Bullying behavior is seen only in children. Being bullied toughens you up.
Bullying Bystander: Implied Approval; The Silent Majority z Why do children allow others to bully? Fear of being targeted Feel helpless Entertaining
How Bullying Affects the Target Child z Low self- confidence z Fear z Depression z Revenge
Possible Future Problems for the target child zAcademic Problems zSocial Isolation zMental Health Issues zSubstance Abuse zClinical Depression
How does Bullying Behavior Affect the Bully? zViolence zManipulation zLow Self Confidence zProjection- psychological defense of one’s own unwanted characteristics.
Possible Future Problems for the child who Bullies zAcademic Problems zVocational Difficulties zSocial Isolation zLegal Problems zViolence and Crime
Warning Signs that Your Child is the Target of Bullying zAny change in normal behavior zReluctance to attend school or peer-centered activities at school. zUnexplainable drop in academic performance zTorn clothing zHeadaches, stomachaches, or other unexplainable illnesses. zWaking frequently, sleeping more than normal, or other changes in sleep patterns. zAvoiding peers and social groupings at school. zAvoiding the school cafeteria or playground. zAvoiding extracurricular activities. zLoss of interest in activities formerly enjoyed. zSad and depressed demeanor. zReluctance to walk to or from school. zReluctance to talk about what’s happening at school.
What Teachers of Target Children Can Do to Help zTeachers must be: zAccessible zTrustworthy zCalm zListen zProvide supervision zBe supportive zAccept the student’s feelings zRole play responses zHelp them determine possible solutions.
Reporting Bullying zAll school employees must report any bullying incidences to the school principal. zSchool employees cannot be sued for reporting
Practice Brainstorming Solutions with the Students
When Should Parents Contact the School? zWhen you’ve worked with him/her at home, but the problem remains serious zwhen his/her academic performance is failing. zwhen he/she is physically threatened. zWhen the child seems to be depressed
Contacting the School zGather as much information about the bullying episodes as possible. zSchedule a meeting to discuss the problem with the teacher, counselor, and/or administrator. zDevelop an action plan. zPut the plan into action. zHave a follow up meeting to evaluate the action plan and discuss changes in behavior.
Warning Signs Your Student/Child is a Bully zEnjoys putting down other people. zDoesn’t care whether others’ feelings are hurt. zShows a disrespect for authority. zShows a fascination with neo- Nazism or racial supremacy. zShows disrespect for the opposite sex. zMakes jokes about rape or other violence against women. zEnjoys fighting. zBelieves “everything should go my way”. zWon’t admit mistakes. zLies frequently to get out of trouble. zThinks rules are stupid. zDeliberately hurts pets or other animals. zBelieves other people aren’t to be trusted. zRefuses to admit fear. zUses anger to get what he/she wants. zHas an attitude of superiority over other children.
What Teachers / Parents of Bullies Can Do? zTeach your child/student to care about others. zTeach your child/student to be a peacemaker. zTeach your child/student to be responsible. zKnow when to seek professional help.
Teach Your Students/Child to Care About Others zAsk your children how they feel. zProvide unconditional love. zFocus on similarities and discuss differences between your child and others. zRefuse to laugh at cruel or demeaning jokes. zBe kind. zShow kindness to animals. zFollow the Golden Rule.
Teach Your Students/Child to be a Peacemaker zUse respectful discipline techniques. zUse healing words y“Thank you” y“I love you” y“I forgive you”
Teach Your Students/Child to be Responsible zHave a positive attitude. zBe a model of honesty at all times. zProvide good supervision. zBe cooperative and supportive. zAdmit your mistakes. zEmpower your children to determine the classroom rules. zRole model good behavior.
Bullying Can be Stopped if We: zLearn to identify the problem zIntervene effectively zBuild self esteem zTeach problem-solving skills in children who are targeted by bullying. zEncourage empathy, responsibility, and kindness in children who bully. zRecognize and change insidious social myths about bullying. zTake positive steps that will make more confident, better-behaved children to build a happier future.
When do You Contact a Therapist? zWhen you see serious signs of: yDepression yAnxiety yPost-Traumatic Syndrome
When do You Contact the Legal Authorities? zAsk yourself the question: yHas a delinquent act been committed?
Know When to Seek Professional Help If your child’s serious behavior problems continue despite your best efforts, professional help may be necessary zEncourage parents to contact a: yPsychologist y Social Worker yPsychiatrist
Feel Safe and Secure zEvery student/child has a right to a safe school. zFree to learn without threats, aggression or intimidation.