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Conducting Effective Tabletop Exercises and considerations for Full Scale Exercises Scott A. Staggs South Knox School Safety Specialist Director of Transportation.

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Presentation on theme: "Conducting Effective Tabletop Exercises and considerations for Full Scale Exercises Scott A. Staggs South Knox School Safety Specialist Director of Transportation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conducting Effective Tabletop Exercises and considerations for Full Scale Exercises Scott A. Staggs South Knox School Safety Specialist Director of Transportation Elementary Assistant Principal

2 Safe School Committee Activities 2007 Active Shooter Tabletop with SWAT team demonstration at SKMHS 2007 Active Shooter Tabletop with SWAT team demonstration at SKMHS 2008 Tornado Scenario after tornado in Alabama wiped out a school Tornado Scenario after tornado in Alabama wiped out a school Shooter tabletop exercise with SWAT team demonstration at SKE – similar to Shooter tabletop exercise with SWAT team demonstration at SKE – similar to Earthquake scenario after minor Earthquake rattles southwestern Indiana 2009 Earthquake scenario after minor Earthquake rattles southwestern Indiana 2010 Active shooter full scale incident involving faculty, staff, SWAT team, and 81 students Active shooter full scale incident involving faculty, staff, SWAT team, and 81 students Faculty Meeting Tabletop Exercises – SKE and SKMHS 2011 Faculty Meeting Tabletop Exercises – SKE and SKMHS 2012 DOE Monitoring Review Process - SKE 2012 DOE Monitoring Review Process - SKE 2012 Quake Cottage from USGS visited SK 2012 Quake Cottage from USGS visited SK 2013 Addition of SKE entrance doors and Safe Room Locks 2013 Addition of SKE entrance doors and Safe Room Locks 2013 Active Shooter Tabletop Exercise and Evacuation to Parent Reunification Site – SKE 2013 Active Shooter Tabletop Exercise and Evacuation to Parent Reunification Site – SKE 2014 Addition of second SRO, Keyless Entry Installation 2014 Addition of second SRO, Keyless Entry Installation 2014 Tabletop Scenario - SKE Oct. 28, Tabletop Scenario - SKE Oct. 28, 2014

3 Development of the relationship between the Knox County Sheriff’s Department and SKSC 2006 – Inception of SRO program at SKSC was the start of the relationship with the sheriff’s department. SRO program consisted of 1 off duty sheriff’s deputy at SK schools for four hours per day. This sheriff’s deputy is considered to be an independent contractor, and the agreement is approved by the school board and the county commissioners. Approval of contract every three years – Inception of SRO program at SKSC was the start of the relationship with the sheriff’s department. SRO program consisted of 1 off duty sheriff’s deputy at SK schools for four hours per day. This sheriff’s deputy is considered to be an independent contractor, and the agreement is approved by the school board and the county commissioners. Approval of contract every three years. We did this before the IDHS Grant. We did this before the IDHS Grant. Currently 1 full time (Result of IDHS Grant), and 1 four hour officer on duty. Currently 1 full time (Result of IDHS Grant), and 1 four hour officer on duty. SWAT Team regularly trains in our school buildings and buses. SWAT Team regularly trains in our school buildings and buses.

4 Oct. 28, 2014 SKE Tabletop Two scenarios – Earthquake/ Active Shooter Two scenarios – Earthquake/ Active Shooter Members of Safe School Committee ran the scenarios and lead the discussions. Members of Safe School Committee ran the scenarios and lead the discussions. Large group came back together to generate ideas and discuss other issues/ concerns. Large group came back together to generate ideas and discuss other issues/ concerns.

5 Safe School Committee Member Heather Whaley, 3 rd grade teacher, leads the discussion of the scenario for the SKE Faculty and Staff.

6 Considerations for Tabletop Teacher Groupings for Discussion – grade level/ area? Teacher Groupings for Discussion – grade level/ area? Get teachers in the mindset that the event has occurred. How do they best keep students safe after the event? 6 new teachers this year. Get teachers in the mindset that the event has occurred. How do they best keep students safe after the event? 6 new teachers this year. Involve Law Enforcement – who is practicing? Involve Law Enforcement – who is practicing? Note takers – be sure to record all ideas and debrief afterwards. Note takers – be sure to record all ideas and debrief afterwards. Have Safe School Committee meet after the scenario to talk about what went well and what can be improved. Have Safe School Committee meet after the scenario to talk about what went well and what can be improved.

7 Earthquake Scenario – 4 slides An earthquake occurs at 12:15PM as rd and 4 th grade students are in the gymnasium for recess th and 6 th graders are in the cafeteria eating lunch, and students in grades K-2 are in their classrooms. The earthquake is a major earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale rattles all of southern Indiana and Illinois. The earthquake that hit our area on April 18, 2008 was a 5.2 magnitude quake. Tremors are felt in Chicago, Detroit, Columbus, OH, and Nashville, TN. The epicenter is located 10 miles west of Mt. Carmel, Illinois. Much of southern Indiana, southern Illinois, and western Kentucky are seriously impacted by the earthquake. An earthquake occurs at 12:15PM as rd and 4 th grade students are in the gymnasium for recess th and 6 th graders are in the cafeteria eating lunch, and students in grades K-2 are in their classrooms. The earthquake is a major earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale rattles all of southern Indiana and Illinois. The earthquake that hit our area on April 18, 2008 was a 5.2 magnitude quake. Tremors are felt in Chicago, Detroit, Columbus, OH, and Nashville, TN. The epicenter is located 10 miles west of Mt. Carmel, Illinois. Much of southern Indiana, southern Illinois, and western Kentucky are seriously impacted by the earthquake.

8 Earthquake Continued As the quake began, students in classrooms at SKE attempted to get under large tables, desks, etc. The quake lasted 45 seconds and did some serious shaking of all structures in the area. Students in the gym are in bad shape as most of the roof collapsed making rescue and recovery very difficult in this area. The situation is similar in the cafeteria, but students were able to get under the cafeteria tables before the ceiling started to fall. In most classrooms, the roof did not collapse, but access to classrooms will be difficult due to debris in the hallways. As the quake began, students in classrooms at SKE attempted to get under large tables, desks, etc. The quake lasted 45 seconds and did some serious shaking of all structures in the area. Students in the gym are in bad shape as most of the roof collapsed making rescue and recovery very difficult in this area. The situation is similar in the cafeteria, but students were able to get under the cafeteria tables before the ceiling started to fall. In most classrooms, the roof did not collapse, but access to classrooms will be difficult due to debris in the hallways.

9 Earthquake Continued Approximately 75 students are either very seriously injured or deceased in the SKE building. Another 200 individuals are injured with scrapes, bruises, and broken bones. The rest of the students are very shaken and upset, but are not seriously injured. Ten faculty or staff members are either seriously injured or deceased with another 7 in serious condition. Approximately 75 students are either very seriously injured or deceased in the SKE building. Another 200 individuals are injured with scrapes, bruises, and broken bones. The rest of the students are very shaken and upset, but are not seriously injured. Ten faculty or staff members are either seriously injured or deceased with another 7 in serious condition.

10 Earthquake Continued The power is out in all areas of the building and phone lines are damaged making land line communication impossible. There is a gas leak at the back of the building emitting from the mechanical room and the smell is evident in the cafeteria as well as the kindergarten hallway shortly after the shaking subsides. The power is out in all areas of the building and phone lines are damaged making land line communication impossible. There is a gas leak at the back of the building emitting from the mechanical room and the smell is evident in the cafeteria as well as the kindergarten hallway shortly after the shaking subsides. The situation is similar throughout the county with serious damage to other schools and the hospital. Medical assistance will be slow with resources widely dispersed. How do we respond to this major situation affecting many of our students? The situation is similar throughout the county with serious damage to other schools and the hospital. Medical assistance will be slow with resources widely dispersed. How do we respond to this major situation affecting many of our students?

11 Active Shooter - tabletop At approximately 3:08PM, an angry parent comes in the front doors and pulls out a hand gun. He shoots two parents standing and waiting on students to come down the hallway. All of the kindergarten students are loading buses, and first and second grade students who are “car people” are walking down the hallway toward the entrance when the first shooting occur. The bus students have headed out the doors to the buses. A call to 911 is made at 3:09 as well as radio communication with Officer McBee. At approximately 3:08PM, an angry parent comes in the front doors and pulls out a hand gun. He shoots two parents standing and waiting on students to come down the hallway. All of the kindergarten students are loading buses, and first and second grade students who are “car people” are walking down the hallway toward the entrance when the first shooting occur. The bus students have headed out the doors to the buses. A call to 911 is made at 3:09 as well as radio communication with Officer McBee.

12 Active Shooter - tabletop He gains access to a first grade classroom and enters it looking for additional targets. The safe room is locked so he leaves the classroom and heads toward the bus ramp where he can see students scrambling to get on buses and starts shooting at students running to buses. He shoots four students on the bus ramp before he is shot by Officer McBee. He gains access to a first grade classroom and enters it looking for additional targets. The safe room is locked so he leaves the classroom and heads toward the bus ramp where he can see students scrambling to get on buses and starts shooting at students running to buses. He shoots four students on the bus ramp before he is shot by Officer McBee. Officer McBee responded to the front of the building after the shooting begins and tracked the individual to the bus ramp where they exchange gunfire. Officer McBee shoots the individual on the bus ramp in plain view of students on buses and bus drivers. Officer McBee responded to the front of the building after the shooting begins and tracked the individual to the bus ramp where they exchange gunfire. Officer McBee shoots the individual on the bus ramp in plain view of students on buses and bus drivers.

13 Details about scenario to include School specific information – make it believable/ it can happen anywhere. School specific information – make it believable/ it can happen anywhere. Number of casualties/injuries/ etc. Number of casualties/injuries/ etc. Discussion topics – where to safely move students, where to reunify with parents. Discussion topics – where to safely move students, where to reunify with parents. What the next steps are: What the next steps are: –Parent meeting, reopening of school, funerals for students/ faculty, other recovery topics, how to recover…

14 Follow Up Discussion

15 Ideas and possibilities: Ideas and possibilities: Shooter Shooter Locks in hallway restroom doors – to allow you to lock out the shooter Locks in hallway restroom doors – to allow you to lock out the shooter Bug/ Wasp Spray for each Safe Room Bug/ Wasp Spray for each Safe Room Magnets for classroom doors Magnets for classroom doors Walkie Talkies for classroom communication during time of need Walkie Talkies for classroom communication during time of need Teachers always carry cell phones with them Teachers always carry cell phones with them Every Classroom door should be locked Every Classroom door should be locked Earthquake Earthquake Keep cell phones on you at all times Keep cell phones on you at all times Practice evacuating the building and going to Safe Place Practice evacuating the building and going to Safe Place Walkie talkies for rooms and teachers Walkie talkies for rooms and teachers Earthquake buckets in more parts of the building (stage, café, office) Earthquake buckets in more parts of the building (stage, café, office) Building student list in each emergency bag – not just grade level Building student list in each emergency bag – not just grade level

16 Materials: Materials: Shooter Shooter Window covering for computer lab doors Window covering for computer lab doors Wasp or bug spray for each safe room Wasp or bug spray for each safe room LED flashlights LED flashlights Magnets for doors Magnets for doors Walkie Talkies Walkie Talkies Earthquake Earthquake Tourniquets Tourniquets More earthquake buckets More earthquake buckets School sign-out sheet for emergency School sign-out sheet for emergency situations. situations.

17 Full Scale Exercise Much more preparation. Much more preparation. Involvement from outside agencies – police/ fire/ EMS Involvement from outside agencies – police/ fire/ EMS Involvement of students – parent consent issues Involvement of students – parent consent issues Certainly more difficult to manage than Tabletop! Certainly more difficult to manage than Tabletop!

18 Full Scale Active Shooter Exercise 3:40 – Discuss with Faculty/ Staff – what is about to take place/ Debrief by Sheriff Morris 3:40 – Discuss with Faculty/ Staff – what is about to take place/ Debrief by Sheriff Morris 3:45 – Report to locations as if it was 11:55 – where teachers would be. Students will be in lobby/ cafeteria. 3:45 – Report to locations as if it was 11:55 – where teachers would be. Students will be in lobby/ cafeteria. 3:50 – Shooting occurs in cafeteria – A code red is called as the students scatter. Teachers will be in the teacher’s lounge with others in the back halls. The shooter will continue throughout the building eliminating anyone who is seen. 3:50 – Shooting occurs in cafeteria – A code red is called as the students scatter. Teachers will be in the teacher’s lounge with others in the back halls. The shooter will continue throughout the building eliminating anyone who is seen. 3:50-4:20 –Lock Down – Officers arrive. Students are locked down until told to move to secure location – auditorium. 3:50-4:20 –Lock Down – Officers arrive. Students are locked down until told to move to secure location – auditorium. 4:20-? Debriefing in auditorium 4:20-? Debriefing in auditorium Questions – how long until an officer arrives? How long until the SWAT team enters the building? Questions – how long until an officer arrives? How long until the SWAT team enters the building? Video as well as pictures were taken during the scenario. Video as well as pictures were taken during the scenario.

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20 Notes about development of scenario Met with Sheriff Mike Morris and Det. Mike Fischer about the plan. Female teacher Machelle Pool designated as shooter. Sheriff’s Department wanted to see how the men would handle dealing with a female shooter. Met with Sheriff Mike Morris and Det. Mike Fischer about the plan. Female teacher Machelle Pool designated as shooter. Sheriff’s Department wanted to see how the men would handle dealing with a female shooter. Her husband is a state trooper and was one of the officers to take her into custody. Her husband is a state trooper and was one of the officers to take her into custody.

21 Excerpts from Active Shooter Tabletop Exercise adapted to Full Scale Exercise This took place on Wednesday, Jan. 10, 2007 A few of the scenarios are at the end of the handout. I am happy to scenarios and Powerpoint presentations

22 At 9:22AM on February 7, an older gentleman enters the building through the main door. He runs in the door and takes off in the direction of the auditorium. A student standing in the office sees the individual and tells Mrs. Prather what he observes. The temperature outside is 15 degrees. Moments later, gunshots are heard in the office. A few seconds later, an announcement goes out over the PA that we are under a Lock Down. This is a passing period, so all students need to get to a safe location because there is an intruder in the building. While the announcement is going over the PA, additional shots are heard coming from the lobby area. At 9:22AM on February 7, an older gentleman enters the building through the main door. He runs in the door and takes off in the direction of the auditorium. A student standing in the office sees the individual and tells Mrs. Prather what he observes. The temperature outside is 15 degrees. Moments later, gunshots are heard in the office. A few seconds later, an announcement goes out over the PA that we are under a Lock Down. This is a passing period, so all students need to get to a safe location because there is an intruder in the building. While the announcement is going over the PA, additional shots are heard coming from the lobby area.

23 In the lobby, the shooter fired at a group of five students coming out of the band hallway into the lobby. Three students are critically injured by the shots. The rest of the students turn and run. They go toward D- section and end up running out of the doors toward the track. There were 43 students who went out that way. At 9:24, the shooter continued into the back hallway. He noticed some students running up by guidance. He shot several more shots in that direction and wounded a female student. He continued and went into the girl’s restroom and found three students in there. Seeing no other students in the hallway, he decided to hold the three girls hostage in the bathroom. In the lobby, the shooter fired at a group of five students coming out of the band hallway into the lobby. Three students are critically injured by the shots. The rest of the students turn and run. They go toward D- section and end up running out of the doors toward the track. There were 43 students who went out that way. At 9:24, the shooter continued into the back hallway. He noticed some students running up by guidance. He shot several more shots in that direction and wounded a female student. He continued and went into the girl’s restroom and found three students in there. Seeing no other students in the hallway, he decided to hold the three girls hostage in the bathroom.

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25 At 9:24, the shooter continued into the back hallway. He noticed some students running up by guidance. He shot several more shots in that direction and wounded a female student. He continued and went into the girl’s restroom and found three students in there. Seeing no other students in the hallway, he decided to hold the three girls hostage in the bathroom. At 9:24, the shooter continued into the back hallway. He noticed some students running up by guidance. He shot several more shots in that direction and wounded a female student. He continued and went into the girl’s restroom and found three students in there. Seeing no other students in the hallway, he decided to hold the three girls hostage in the bathroom.

26 The Facts Five students are either dead or will die before arriving at the hospital. Five students are either dead or will die before arriving at the hospital. There are bodies in the lobby, down the hallway from guidance on the ramps, and in the girls restroom across from Mrs. Kunkler-Laake’s room. There are bodies in the lobby, down the hallway from guidance on the ramps, and in the girls restroom across from Mrs. Kunkler-Laake’s room. The shooter is also on the floor outside the girls’ restroom. The shooter is also on the floor outside the girls’ restroom.

27 At this point, the school is a crime scene and is secured by the sheriff’s department. Decisions that will need to be made: At this point, the school is a crime scene and is secured by the sheriff’s department. Decisions that will need to be made: Where to move the students for family reunification. How to exit the building. Where to move the students for family reunification. How to exit the building. How do we account for safe students, injured students, and deceased students? How do we account for safe students, injured students, and deceased students? Parent location for student pick up. Parent location for student pick up. Meeting place for parents of injured and deceased students. Meeting place for parents of injured and deceased students. School personnel to assist at each of these locations. School personnel to assist at each of these locations.

28 The recovery phase is the last part of the plan. The recovery phase is the last part of the plan. When do we hold a parent meeting? When do we hold a parent meeting? When do we allow students to return to the building? When do we allow students to return to the building? When does school reopen? When does school reopen? What do we do about memorials for the five deceased students? What do we do about memorials for the five deceased students? What do we need to do in the future to keep our students safe? What do we need to do in the future to keep our students safe?

29 Lists of suggestions generated after each exercise The safe school committee then takes a look at the suggestions and makes decisions on ideas to impliment.

30 From the Shooter and Tornado scenarios at the MHS, we have instituted the following items: From the Shooter and Tornado scenarios at the MHS, we have instituted the following items: First aid kits in all classrooms (We have three in general areas – Swank, Toothman gym, teachers resource room) First aid kits in all classrooms (We have three in general areas – Swank, Toothman gym, teachers resource room) More handheld radios for communication in the building – Gyms, etc. More handheld radios for communication in the building – Gyms, etc. Emergency battery powered lights in all inside rooms and library Emergency battery powered lights in all inside rooms and library Master list of all students in various classrooms and faculty staff list with janitors, cooks, etc. updated monthly Master list of all students in various classrooms and faculty staff list with janitors, cooks, etc. updated monthly Code Red Drill for faculty and staff each semester – Thursday of this week Code Red Drill for faculty and staff each semester – Thursday of this week Lanyard with key for substitutes and codes – SKE started also Lanyard with key for substitutes and codes – SKE started also Additional Keys for people in various parts of the building Additional Keys for people in various parts of the building Other good ideas and discussion about how to handle various situations. Other good ideas and discussion about how to handle various situations.

31 Problems with full scale scenario Mrs. Pool tackled by male teacher – broke some ribs. Workman’s comp claim…. Mrs. Pool tackled by male teacher – broke some ribs. Workman’s comp claim…. Teachers would not open the door for deputies after incident. Teachers would not open the door for deputies after incident. Didn’t inform Bus Drivers – radio traffic caused concern. Didn’t inform Bus Drivers – radio traffic caused concern. Green GO signs not known by Sheriff’s Department. Green GO signs not known by Sheriff’s Department.

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34 Watch video from Active Shooter Scenario What to look for: What to look for: –How quickly the shooter is apprehended. –The isolation of the building as the SWAT team sweeps. –The number of times the SWAT team sweeps the building. –Other interesting observations

35 Discussion? What questions do you have? What questions do you have? What details have I not discussed that you would like to know? What details have I not discussed that you would like to know? How can I help you in this process? How can I help you in this process? Keep in mind, we have taken several years to get to this point, and it was not flawless! Keep in mind, we have taken several years to get to this point, and it was not flawless! Be prepared to address issues/ concerns. Be prepared to address issues/ concerns.

36 Scott A. Staggs South Knox School Corporation 6136 E State Rd 61 Vincennes, IN


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