Word-building Prefix: mis- mis + understand misunderstand 误解 mis + pronounce mis + hear mis + print mispronounce 发错音 mishear 听错 misprint 印刷错
(Para. 6) What should people do when Misunderstandings occur? (Paras. 4-5) Non-native English speakers are often more affected. (Paras. 1-3) Misunderstandings may occur among native English speakers. Part I Part II Part III Reading Tasks
He had uncombed hair ， dirty clothes ， and only 35 cents in his pocket. In Baltimore, Maryland, he got on a bus and headed straight for the restroom. He thought that if he hid in the restroom, he could ride to New York without paying. But a passenger at the back of the bus saw him. She tapped the person in front of her on the shoulder and said, "There's a bum in the restroom. Tell the bus driver." That passenger tapped the person sitting in front of him. "Tell the bus driver there's a bum in the restroom," he said ． The message was passed from person to person until it reached the front of the bus ． But somewhere along the way ， the message changed ． By the time it reached the bus driver ， it was not "There's a bum in the restroom" but "There's a bomb in the restroom." The driver immediately pulled over to the side of the highway and radioed the police. When the police arrived, they told the passengers to get off the bus and stay far away. Then they closed the highway. That soon caused a 15-mile-long traffic jam. With the help of a dog, the police searched the bus for two hours. Of course, they found no bomb.
Reading Tasks Two similar-sounding English words also caused trouble for a man who wanted to fly from Los Angeles to Oakland, California. His problems began at the airport in Los Angeles. He thought he heard his flight announced, so he walked to the gate, showed his ticket, and got on the plane. Twenty minutes after takeoff, the man began to worry. Oakland was north of Los Angeles, but the plane seemed to be heading west, and when he looked out his window all he could see was ocean. "Is this plane going to Oakland?" he asked the flight attendant ． The flight attendant gasped. "NO," she said, ”We’re going to Auckland — Auckland, New Zealand." When a Korean woman who lives in the United States arrived at work one morning ， her boss asked her ， "Did you get a plate?“ "No…" she answered, wondering what in the world he meant. She worked in an office ． Why did the boss ask her about a plate? AII day she wondered about her boss’s strange question ， but she was too embarrassed to ask him about it ． At five o‘clock ， when she was getting ready to go home ， her boss said ， "Please be on time tomorrow ． You were 15 minutes late this morning ． ""Sorry ， "she said ． "My car wouldn‘t start ， and…“ Now she understood ． Her boss hadn’t asked her ， "Did you get a plate?" He had asked her ， "Did you get up late?"
Reading Tasks Stories WhereWhoWhat were the mistakes? Ⅰ Ⅱ on a bus passengers There is a bum in the restroom. There is a bomb in the restroom.
(Paras. 1-3) Misunderstandings may occur among native English speakers. Part I Reading Tasks Stories WhereWho What were the mistakes? Ⅰ on a bus passengersbum VS bomb Ⅱ at the airport a manOakland VS Auckland
Language Points He had uncombed hair, dirty clothes, and only 35 cents in his pocket. In Baltimore, Maryland, he got on a bus and headed straight for the restroom. He thought that if he hid in the restroom, he could ride to New York without paying.
Language Points 1.uncombed adj. (of hair) not clean, tidy, straight or neatly arranged 沒有梳理的 e.g. The scientist always had uncombed hair and dirty clothes, so some people thought that he was a crazy old man.
Language Points He tapped the person in front of him on the shoulder and said, “There’s a bum in the toilet. Tell the bus driver.” 3.tap vt. to touch or hit somebody or something quickly and lightly 轻拍 tap+ 人 +prep + the + 部位
Language Points 3.tap vt. to touch or hit somebody or something quickly and lightly 轻拍 Mr. Samaranch
Reviewing Task Reviewing Task – Complete the summary Misunderstanding may occur among native English speakers. A passenger wanted to tell the driver that there a bum in the ________. The change of the word ____ into _____ cause a 15-mile- long ___________. A man who wanted to go to ________ finally got to ________ because he failed to get the meaning correctly. restroom bumbomb Oakland traffic jam Auckland
Summary Similar-sounding words can cause misunderstanding.
Assignment Directions: Work with your classmates to find more similar-sounding words that may cause misunderstandings. End of the Session Group Task