Presentation on theme: "The Postage Due Stamps of Bosnia-Herzegovina During its occupation and annexation by the Austro-Hungarian Empire: 1904-1918 A Digital Philatelic Study."— Presentation transcript:
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Geopolitical History ► Prior to 1878, Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H) were part of the Ottoman Empire, which had claimed the territories in the 15 th century. ► Late 1878, Austro-Hungary occupied the territories ► On 6 October 1906, Austro-Hungary annexed the territories. ► On 29 October 1918, B-H joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Drzava S.H.S.) and later became part of the new Yugoslavia
Stamp History ► Prior to 1878, Bosnia-Herzegovina used Turkish stamps and postage dues ► On 1 July 1879, B-H issued their first stamps. ► On 1 December 1904, B-H issued their first postage due stamps. ► On 30 October 1916, B-H issued their second postage due stamps.
► First Issue 1904 Printing Technique Working Essays/Proofs Final Proofs The Stamps ► Perforation Varieties ► Alignment Problems Postal History ► Second Issue 1916 Essays Final Proofs The Stamps ► Perforation Varieties Postal History Organization
Unusual Printing Method A Black Frame was then printed A Yellow Meshwork was printed (Green for the 200H Value) Finally, the duty plate was printed in red Simulation
Phase 1 – Background Plate Simulation
Phase 2 – Frame Plate + Simulation
Phase 3 – Duty Plate ++ Simulation
Initial Artwork Ò Test proof of black frame on green underlay
Initial Artwork Ò Test proof of green frame on green underlay with red duty
Initial Artwork Ò Test proof of orange frame on yellow underlay with red duty
Initial Artwork Ò Test proof of red duty on yellow underlay; no frame
Test proof of color scheme. First 1H red duty and tablet printed, with partial yellow underlay. Followed by 3H black duty and tablet. Initial Artwork Ò
Test proof of 50H with red duty and value guidelines Ò
Initial Artwork Ò Test proof of black frame on partial yellow underlay with doubled red duty
The Composite Sheets Ten of the thirteen values (2H and 6H, 4H and 7H, 10H and 5H, 15H and 20H, and 50H and 8H) Were printed in composite sheets on very yellow paper. ÒÒÒÒÒ
Final Issued Values
UPU Specimens Ò
Printing Alignment Problems Red Shift:3.30 mm E 2.54 mm N Yellow Shift: Negligible Negligible Red Shift:2.54 mm E 0.57 mm N Yellow Shift: 0.62 mm E Negligible Red Shift:Negligible 1.97 mm S Yellow Shift: 0.62 mm E Negligible Red Shift:2.18 mm W 0.19 mm N Yellow Shift:1.42 mm W 1.05 mm S Red Shift:7.82 mm E mm N Yellow Shift: 0.43 mm W 0.25 mm N Red Shift:0.99 mm E 1.69 mm N Yellow Shift: Negligible Negligible
Printing Alignment Problems Red Shift:Negligible Negligible Yellow Shift:2.72 mm E 3.40 mm N
N-S Shift Baseline for duty plate Centerline for duty plate E-W Shift Actual duty centerline Actual duty baseline Precise Measurements of Alignment Precise measurements are made by comparing the spatial relationship of the actual duty plate to the frame and ideal duty plate alignment as shown.
Imperforate Varieties Both horizontal and vertical pairs are known.
Domestic Postal Rates during the Usage Period Mail Type 1 Jan Oct Sep 1918 Letter < 20g 10H15H20H Letter < 250g 20H Letter per additional 20g 5H Post Cards 5H10H Post Cards with preprinted indicia 8H Printed Matter < 50g 3H5H Throughout the period, 1H was equivalent to 1 French Centime
VALUE TYPICAL USE REQUIREMENT 1H Make-up rates** 2H Poste restante fee 3H Make-up rates 4H 5H 6H Unpaid printed matter 7H Make-up rates 8H 10H Unpaid domestic post card, shortpaid foreign post card 15H Make-up rates 20H Unpaid domestic letter, unpaid foreign post card 50H Unpaid foreign letter 200H Make-up rates Typical Postal* Use o f the 13 values * Postage dues also used for other purposes: money orders, parcels, etc. ** Used to make-up odd rates primarily for shortpaid foreign mail and other purposes.
Usages Illustrated 2H Solo use 3H Used with 7H to make-up 10H rate 4H Solo use 6H 7H Used with 10H for complex foreign shortpaid cover 8H Combination on parcel card 10H Solo use: foreign shortpaid postal card 10H Solo use: reclassified military postal card 10H Solo use (x2): forwarded postal card 15H Solo use 50H Combination on parcel card 200H Solo use
Usages – Solo 2H Postal card from Prague, Austria to Tuzla 12 October H Poste Restante Fee
Usages – 3H Internal postal card from Kreka to Jaice (Jajce) 3 November 1906 Short-lived rate period which included surcharge Correct rate = 10H; Paid 5H; Postage due is 5H + 5H penalty = 10H
Usages – Solo 4H Postal card from Jajce to Sarajevo 2 March 1909 Mailed at the 3H Printed Matter Rate Correct rate = 5H; Paid 3H; Postage due is 2 x 2H = 4H
Usages – Solo 6H Postal card from Tuzla to Sarajevo 12 October 1916 Mailed after domestic card rate was increased to 8H on 1 Oct 1916 Correct rate = 8H; Paid 5H; Postage due is 2 x 3H = 6H
Usages – 7H Letter card from Santago, Chile to to Sarajevo 20 December 1913 Domestic postal stationery of 2c up-rated to 13c Correct rate = 20c; Paid 13c; Postage due is 2 x 7c = 14c 17H
Usages 8H Portion of parcel card from Mahr. Rothwassek to Trebinje 8 Nov H(?) parcel fee; part of scarce “B.-H. Uber Seepost” etiquette.
Usages – 10H External postal card from Montenegro to Bilek (Herzegovina) 6 October 1913 Domestic card rate (5 para) paid Correct rate = 10p; Paid 5p; Postage due is 2 x 5p = 14p = 10H
Usages – 10H Internal postal card from ? to Grmec (near Ostrelj) 19 January 1915 “Feldpost” endorsement disallowed; no unit marking or sender’s address Correct rate = 5H; Paid None; Postage due is 2 x 5H = 10H
Usages – 10H Internal postal card from Panjavor to Sarajevo 20 December 1913 Attempt to send at free military rate Correct rate = 5H; Paid None; Postage due is 2 x 5H = 10H
Usages – 15H Solo Parcel card from Budapest, Hungary to Foca 29 October H Fee
Usages – 50H Portion of parcel card from Neu Sandec (Nowy Sagz) to Bos. Gradiska 28 August H parcel fee; part of scarce “B.-H. Uber Seepost” etiquette.
Usages – 200H Postal Form used in Banjaluca 8 June H Fee for Post Office box renewal
Issue - Composite Proofs Composite die proofs on glossy card, probably created using a photographic process. Only the eleven values issued in 1916 are included. Presumably these three strips were cut apart, perhaps for better display.
Parcel from Nova Gradiska, Croatia to Tuzla 24 March H Delivery Fee Usages
Parcel from Radom, Poland to Konsk (Kanskie) Poland 16 July 1918 (arrived), 29 July 1918 ( delivered ) 55H Storage Fee: 13 Days at 5H per day Usages – 50H
The End The End
The 2H and 6H Tête-Bêche Pair
The 4H and 7H Tête-Bêche Pair
The 10H and 5H Tête-Bêche Pair
The 15H and 20H Tête-Bêche Pair
The 50H and 8H Tête-Bêche Pair
Black Frame over Green Meshwork Note that the underlay mesh is much larger than the frame. The frame size is 21.8mm x 18.9mm while the underlay is 25.9mm x 23.0mm
Green Frame over Light Green Meshwork with Red Duty Plate Again the underlay mesh is much larger than the frame, but this time it is printed in light green. The frame was then added in dark green. Finally, the 200H duty was added in red. Note that the proof has been annulled using blue crayon.
The large underlay mesh is printed in yellow and the 200H duty was added in red. No frame was printed. Note that the proof has been annulled using blue crayon. Test Proof of Yellow Meshwork with Red Duty Plate
Large underlay mesh printed in yellow. The frame was then added in orange. Finally, the 200H duty was added in red. Note that the proof has been annulled using blue crayon. Test Proof of Orange Frame over Yellow Meshwork with Red Duty Plate
Large underlay mesh partially printed in yellow. The frame was then added in black. Finally, the 1H duty and tablet were added in red, and then the 3H duty and tablet were added in black. Note that this proof has also been annulled using blue crayon. Test Proof of Black Frame over with Red and Black Duty Values and Tablets
Test Proof of Yellow Meshwork with Red Duty Plate
Usages – 15H Solo - Back
Form used for internal post office accounting. 8 June 1916 Indicates 2K (=200H) fee for post office box renewal. Usages – 200H - Back Received from ___ the amount affixed on the back in postage due stamps of value ___ from the owner as the special fee for the time period ___ to ___. Translation
Parcel card for 17 Kg of dry meat sent from Nova Gradiska, Croatia to Tuzla. Mailed on 20 March 1919, the total fee was 4K 50F for insurance and COD charges. Postage included a mixture of available Hungarian stamps: 46F of postage dues and 4F of newspaper stamps. Hungarian postage dues used in Croatia