“Color of the sky”: Student Realities What is Culture?
Graduates of high schools with low API scores First generation college students Economically disadvantaged Placement into basic skills courses Lack of necessary social and cultural capital
"the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group" "the characteristic features of everyday existence shared by people in a place or time " "the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization "
Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads 1. Academic Support and Social Integration 2. Research/Internship Experiences 3. Professional Development Activities 4. Summer Bridge Programs 5. Mentoring
Hurtado, S. and Chang, M. (2010). Degrees of Success: Bachelor’s Degree Completion Rates among Initial STEM Majors. Higher Education Institute at UCLA.
28.5% - Percentage of underrepresented minority groups in national population (2006) 9.1% - Percentage of underrepresented minority groups among college-educated Americans in science and engineering occupations (academic and non-academic) Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads (2010). National Academy of Sciences.
Victims … Blame others Complain Make excuses Repeat ineffective behavior “Have to” do things Pretend their problems belong to others “Try” Give up FAILURE Victims seldom achieve goals Creators … Accept responsibility Take actions Seek solutions Do something new “Choose to” do things Own their problems Commit & follow through Take control of their choices & their lives! SUCCESS Creators often achieve goals Downing, S. (2009). Strategies for Creating Success in College and in Life. Wadsworth, Boston, MA, 6 th Edition.
Secret to Success (a.k.a. African Village story): “When you find something in life that you want as much as you want to breathe, then you will find the secret to success!” Capstone for life: The purpose for the learning Skills Knowledge Wisdom FREEDOM!
The MESA mission is to enable educationally disadvantaged students to prepare for and graduate from a four-year college or university with a math-based degree while: Developing academic and leadership skills Increasing educational performance Gaining confidence in their ability to compete professionally
Established in California in 1970 Currently 68 MESA Programs statewide serve K-12, community college and university students Thirteen states have adopted MESA model Recipient of Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring
MESA Schools Program ~ 1,600 students San Diego Unified (K–12) – 800 Imperial Valley Unified (K–12) – 800 Community College ~ 365 students San Diego City College – 200 Southwestern College – 165 University (SDSU) ~ 320 students MESA Engineering Program (MEP) - 275 Maximizing Science Potential (MSP) - 45 INDUSTRY or Graduate School Serving over 2,200 students
Regular Directors’ meetings Sharing of best practices/joint planning Shared Industry Advisory Board Joint grant seeking: NSF STEP: STEP Partnership of San Diego California Space Grant Consortium NSF ERC: Sensorimotor Neural Engineering
Academic Advising and Individual Academic Plans STEM Course Clustering Academic Excellence Workshops Tutoring College and Career Exploration Transfer Assistance to 4-year Universities (2-year colleges only) Assistance Applying to Graduate Schools (4-year universities only) College Orientation Course Collaboration with Student/Professional Organizations
Training Academies for Industry Skills Regional Job Shadow Day Scholarships StrengthsQuest Leadership Summit Faculty Advisors STEM Competitions San Diego Region Joint Planning Conference
Undergraduate students: are encouraged to participate in summer research or internships are matched, according to their interest and experience, into an internship or research experience are paid $1,250 during the summer for 100 hours present their work at a symposium-luncheon culminating the end of the summer experience can continue their projects beyond the 100 hours
As important as classroom teaching Develop tomorrow’s STEM workforce Advisory Board Direct Access to students Paid Interns - SPSD Future hires Industry Standards
Standards: University Bridging Counseling Academic Support Community Industry Exposure
Awarded to the college members of the San Diego MESA Alliance, comprised of Math, Engineering, and Science Achievement (MESA) Programs at San Diego City College, San Diego State University, and Southwestern College. This is a 5-year NSF grant to be implemented from 2007 to 2012. MESA enables educationally disadvantaged students to prepare for and graduate from a four-year college or university with a math-based degree in areas such as engineering, the sciences, computer science, and mathematics. SPSD allows the San Diego MESA Alliance to build on MESA best practices to develop a diverse skilled workforce for San Diego and the nation.
Goal 1: Recruitment and Participation Enrollment at each school will increase 10% over previous year
Goal #1 Expand participation in SPSD and MESA activities Related Objective Enrollment at each partner institution will increase by 10% each year of the program. Progress-to-date Objective has been met and surpassed. Overall, enrollment in SPSD has increased from 443 students in 2007 to 684 in 2011. This represents a total increase of 54%.
Goal 2: Recruitment and Participation At least 350 students will be enrolled in the SPSD/MESA program from declared major through transfer or graduation within grant period - 170 SDSU graduates - 76 transfers from SDCC - 159 transfers from SWC - 405 Total graduates or transfers (exceeded goal)
Goal #2 Improve the retention of SPSD/MESA students Related Objective At least 350 students will be enrolled in SPSD/MESA from declared major through transfer or graduation. Progress-to-date Objective is 94% complete with 330 successful SPSD transfers & graduates: 127 SDSU graduates, 107 SDCC transfers, and 96 SWC transfers
Goal 3: Academic Counseling At least 160 program students will graduate in a STEM major by the end of the grant period. (SDSU only)
Goal #3 Increase the number of SPSD/MESA students graduating with B.S. degrees Related Objective At least 160 SPSD/MESA students will graduate with a B.S. degree in a STEM major. Progress-to-date Objective is 79% complete with 127 graduates: 33 graduates in 2008, 20 in 2009, 34 in 2010, and 40 in 2011
Goal 4: Industry Exposure At least 36 SPSD/MESA students will complete an internship (100+ hours) each year
Goal #4 Increase number of SPSD/MESA students in STEM internships. Related Objective At least 36 SPSD/MESA students will complete an internship or research opportunity each year. Progress-to-date Objective has been met and surpassed: 39 interns in 2008, 46 in 2009, 48 in 2010, and 44 in 2011
Goal 5: University Bridging Activities At least 15 graduating seniors in the SPSD/MESA program will enter STEM graduate study programs by the end of the 5-year grant period. (SDSU only) 07-0808-0909-1010-1111-12Total Chemistry110125 Engineering3151616 Math111 003 5362824
Goal #5 Promote post-graduate study opportunities for SPSD/MESA students Related Objective At least 15 graduating SPSD seniors will enter STEM graduate study programs by the end of the grant period. Progress-to-date Objective has been met and surpassed: 17 SPSD/MESA students have enrolled in STEM graduate study.
Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads (2010 Report) Identifies 5 proven, intensive strategies for student success in STEM MESA/SPSD implements 3 of 5 strategies SPSD II proposes to build on MESA/SPSD best practices and implement remaining 2 strategies (Summer Bridge & Mentoring) in the context of a STEM pipeline (high school-CC-4 year university)