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Life in New France.  The area that was colonized was called New France  The territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains.

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Presentation on theme: "Life in New France.  The area that was colonized was called New France  The territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life in New France

2  The area that was colonized was called New France  The territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

3  France, Britain and The Netherlands had colonies on the Atlantic Coast  They all had portions of land with a capital for each  Dutch did not last very long

4  British had The Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic coast  It was established between 1607 and 1733  Each colony developed its own system of self government  The colonies made up current states of the United States

5  Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire  Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island  Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut  Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine

6  Province of New York, later New York and Vermont  Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey  Province Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania  Delaware Colony, later Delaware

7  Province of Maryland, later Maryland,  Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia,  Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee,  Province of South Carolina, later South Carolina,  Province of Georgia, later Georgia

8  A French trading and colonization company created in 1627  They capitalized on the North American fur trade  They expanded French colonies there

9  The company was granted a monopoly to manage the fur trade in the colonies of New France  At that time centered around the Saint Lawrence River valley and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

10  Was the semi-feudal system of land distribution used in the North American colonies of New France.  Introduced to New France in 1627 by Cardinal Richelie

11  Each piece of land belonged to the king of France  Each piece of land was maintained by the landlord, or seigneur

12  The seigneurial system was used because the St. Lawrence River was like the "Highway of New France”  Enabled settlers with land along the St. Lawrence to be successful

13  The seigneur divided the land further among his tenants  The tenants paid taxes to the seigneur  The river provided water and transportation  The lands were arranged in long narrow strips

14  Jesuit Missions started during the 17th century  The missions were established as part of the colonizing by France and Spain  The Jesuits established their first mission on Penobscot Bay

15  The second Jesuit Mission happened on October 25,  The Jesuit Father Pierre Coton requested the General of the Company Claudio Acquaviva to send two missionaries to Terre-Neuve

16  The two first Jesuits, Pierre Biard and Enemond Massé were able to leave for Port Royal in Acadia  The mission failed in 1613 after a raid by Virginians

17  The two first Jesuits, Pierre Biard and Enemond Massé were able to leave for Port Royal in Acadia  The mission failed in 1613 after a raid by Virginians

18  A third mission was built on Mount Desert Island in  On the fourth mission, the Jesuits made plans to move to the banks of the Saint-Laurent river.  The fouth mission was established in 1625

19  Fathers Charles Lalemant (as Superior), Enemond Massé, Jean de Brébeuf lead the fourth missions  This mission failed following the occupation of Québec by English forces in 1629

20  The Huron were a group of canadian aboriginal people in the eastern woodlands farmers  What was unique about these people was that they were farmers and they had permanent villages

21  The Huron were friends with the Algonquin and French and enimies with the Iroquios and British  They were fierce enemies of the Iroquois until the Huron were driven out and they split into two factions.

22  Today the group that resides in Ontario are referred to as Huron.  The faction that resides in Kansas and Oklahoma are called Wyandot.

23  Robert de LaSalle (November 21, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French explorer  He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico.  La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France.

24  They were French- Canadian woodsmen, who travelled to the interior of North America to go in the fur trade  They did not have any permission from the French


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