2ObjectivesEvaluate the reaction of the colonists to the rejection of the Olive Branch PetitionSummarize the steps taken that led to the writing of the Declaration of IndependenceUnderstand the four parts of the Declaration of Independence
4The Second Continental Congress May 10th 1775 Returning Members from 1st CCJohn and Samuel AdamsPatrick HenryGeorge WashingtonRichard Henry LeeNewcomersBen Franklin – leader in PA legislature helped repeal the Stamp ActJohn Hancock – wealthy merchant in MA. Helped fund Patriot groups, voted President of 2nd CCThomas Jefferson – served in the VA legislature and was known as a brilliant thinker and writerThey voted not to split from Britain just yet. It would be another year before Jefferson would write the Declaration of Independence
5Key Actions Continental Congress: Authorized printing of moneySet up a post officeFormed committees to handle Native Americans and foreign countriesCreated Continental ArmyAppointed George Washington as commanderDelegates offered Britain one last chance to avoid war:Olive Branch PetitionAssured King George that the colonists wanted peaceAsked him to protect colonists rightsKing rejected it; prepared for warHired 30,000 German troops to fight with Britain
6The War Heats UpCongress found out British troops from Canada were going to attack New YorkAmericans decided to attack firstCaptured MontrealBenedict Arnold led an attack on Quebec and failedWashington had to train civilians into soldiersMarch 1776 Washington moved soldiers and cannons into position overlooking Boston while the redcoats sleptThe attack surprised the British and they withdrew from Boston and sailed to Nova Scotia (part of Canada)
7Moving Towards Independence Many colonists still held onto hope that the colonies could remain part of BritainSupport for independence was growingThomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common SenseCalled for a complete break from BritainGreatly influenced people in the colonies to support the Patriots
8Turn to page 131 in your textbook. What do you predict the Americans will do next?Turn to page 131 in your textbook.Under the title “Primary Source” read the quote by Richard Henry LeeWhat did Richard Henry Lee propose at the Second Continental Congress?
9Writing the Declaration Committee of people wrote it: John Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger ShermanJefferson wrote the first draft and drew ideas from English philosopher John Locke to explain why the 13 colonies were proclaiming their freedomLocke expressed the idea that people are born with certain natural rights to life, liberty and property
10Writing the Declaration Locke wrote that people form governments to protect those rights, and that government interfering with those rights could rightfully be overthrownDelegates approved the document July 4th 1776John Hancock signed it first (the largest) followed by 56 delegates announcing the birth of the United States
12The first part says that people who separate from other people should tell why they must do so.
13The second part gives important ideas in American government All men are created equalAll men have rights that cannot be taken away by another person.- Life- Liberty- Pursuit of happiness
14Government gets its power from the consent of the governed. Government should protect the safety and happiness of everyone.If a government disregards the rights of the people for a long time and will not change, the people have a duty to form a new government.
15The third part of the Declaration of Independence is the longest The third part of the Declaration of Independence is the longest. It lists many bad things King George III has done to the American people.
16The fourth part--the actual declaration--says the colonies have decided to be independent.
17They are free to make war and peace. They can form alliances with other countries.They can trade with other countries.They can do everything that an independent country can do.
18Representatives from all thirteen colonies signed the Declaration of Independence.
19Close and ReflectWhich phrases in the Declaration of Independence do you think are most important?Would you be able to be a delegate in the Second Continental Congress?
20ReviewWhy do you think the delegates chose John Hancock to be president of the Second Continental Congress?Why did the Americans attack Montreal?What was the Olive Branch Petition?Explain the significance of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense.According to John Locke, what is the purpose of government?