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PERIOD 3 REVIEW
Brilliant American general who invaded Canada, foiled Burgoyne’s invasion, then betrayed his country in 1780
Shrewd and calculated American diplomat who forged the alliance with France and later secured a generous peace treaty
The decisive early battle of the Revolution that led to an alliance with France
A wealthy Virginian of great character and leadership abilities who served his country without pay
The British defeat that led to the end of the war
A radical British immigrant who put an end to American support of King George
Inspired universal awareness of the American Revolution as a fight for the belief that “all men are created equal”
Declaration of Independence
Stirred growing colonial support for declaring independence from Britain
TRUE OR FALSE The American Revolution created a substantial, though not radical, push in the direction of social and political equality.
The movement toward the separation of church and state in America was greatly accelerated by the disestablishment of the Anglican church in Virginia.
The Revolutionary ideal of republican motherhood emphasized the central role of women in raising selfless, virtuous citizens necessary to sustain self-government
Speculation, profiteering, and inflation weakened the economy and spurred social discontent during the years of rule under the Articles of Confederation.
The greatest failure of the national government, under the Articles of Confederation, was its inability to deal with the issue of western lands.
False. Handling the western lands was the greatest and almost only success of the national government under the Articles of Confederation
The US Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, was extremely weak because it had no power to regulate commerce or impose taxes on the states.
The Northwest Ordinance established the western territories as permanent colonies of the federal government.
False. The ordinance set up an orderly process by which territories could become states, with a status equal to the original thirteen
Shays’s Rebellion significantly strengthened the movement for a stronger central government by raising fears that the United States was falling into anarchy and mob rule.
The states sent delegates to Philadelphia in 1787 for the purpose of discarding the Articles of Confederation and writing a new Constitution with a strong central government.
False. The original intent was to simply amend the Articles of Confederation
The Great Compromise between large and small states resulted in an House of Representatives based on population and a Senate with equal representation
Group that failed to block the idea of a central government but did force the promise of a bill of rights
Original American governmental charter of 1781 that was put out of business by the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Father of the Constitution
Young New Yorker who argued for the Constitution even though he favored an even stronger central government
True or False The primary forces threatening American national security and unity in the 1790’s were the international wars set off by the French Revolution
Hamilton’s basic purpose in all his financial measures was to strengthen the federal government by building up a larger national debt.
Hamilton financed his large national debt by revenues from tariffs and excise taxes on products such as whiskey.
The first political rebellion against the new United States government was by frontier whiskey distillers who hated Hamilton’s excise tax on alcohol.
Jefferson and his followers turned against the French Revolution when it turned radically violent in the Reign of Terror.
False. Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans still defended the French Revolution as regrettable but necessary.
President Washington believed that America was so powerful that it could afford to remain neutral in the wars between Britain and France.
False. Washington believed that the United States was so weak that it had to remain neutral in order to remain independent.
The Alien laws were a reasonable Federalist attempt to limit uncontrolled immigration into the United States and prevent French revolutionaries from weakening American national security.
False. The Alien Acts were extreme measures that reflected public fears of foreigners and Federalist political interests.
A protest by poor western farmers that was firmly suppressed by Washington and Hamilton
Body organized by the Judiciary Act of 1789 and first headed by John Jay
The second president of the United States, whose Federalist enemies and political weaknesses undermined his administration
Institution established by Hamilton to create a stable currency and bitterly opposed by states’ rights advocates
Bank of the United States
General Anthony Wayne’s victory over the Miami Indians that brought the Ohio territory under American control
Battle of Fallen Timbers
Message telling Americans to avoid unnecessary foreign entanglements—a reflection of the foreign policy of its author
Washington’s farewell address
Secret code name for three French agents who attempted to extract bribes from American diplomats in 1797
X, Y, Z
A New Nation Standard 2. A New Nation USHC- 2.1 Summarize the early development of representative government and political rights in the American colonies,
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