Presentation on theme: "Understanding the community mental health system"— Presentation transcript:
1Understanding the community mental health system CHILDREN, YOUTH, and FAMILIESAugust 25, 2010Julie de Losada, Angela Fraser, & Pat MorrisAdapted from Children’s Mental Health Services, by Judy Gosney, 2003.
2North Sound Mental Health Administration Centers for Medicare & Medicaid ServicesFederal GovernmentMix of State Mental Health and Federal $$DSHSMAACAADSADDDJRAotherotherPearl StreetMcGrawCSTCTamarackDBHRESHWSHCLIPNorth Sound Mental Health AdministrationRSNCatholic Community Services NWWhatcom, Skagit, SnohomishCompass HealthSkagit, Snohomish, San JuanSeaMar Behavioral HealthSkagit, Snohomish, WhatcomWhatcom Counseling & Psychiatric ClinicCMHARegion 3NSMHAFrom Washington to Washington…
4Role of VOA 24/7/Phone Crisis Intervention (800-584-3578) 24/7/ Triage Clinician Line ( )Linkage to Regional (Five-County) IntegratedCrisis Response SystemRegional Lifeline call center ( )ACCESS to Outpatient counseling ( )Inpatient Certification & Authorization (4656Offers ASIST and safeTALK community trainings
5Volunteers of America (VOA) Access to Care4 Ways to Enter the Community Mental Health SystemCrisis ServicesOutpatient ServicesInpatient Services*CLIP*Volunteers of America (VOA)*Neither NSMHA nor our Providers deliver inpatient or CLIP services. NSMHA may authorize for these levels of care.
6Accessing Crisis Services 24/7 Phone Crisis Intervention100,000 Annual Total CallsServing Five North Sound CountiesSelf-Defined CrisisMental Health Professional StaffConsultation with Crisis InterventionAccess to Consumer Info DatabaseCrisis AppointmentsCrisis PlanningCrisis RespiteDispatch for voluntary OutreachDispatch for Involuntary Evaluations
7Accessing Outpatient Services MUST meet Medicaid Financial EligibilityEstablished by Community Service Office (CSO)MUST have a covered “Access to Care” diagnosisMUST meet “medical necessity”MUST call ACCESS to Mental Health
9RSN/ CMHA ServiceOutpatient services offered by NSMHA contracted Community Mental Health AgenciesCatholic Community Services NWCompass HealthSeaMarWhatcom Counseling and Psychiatric Services
10ALL Providers Offer… Assessment/ Evaluation Individual Therapy Group TherapyFamily TherapyMedication ManagementCase ManagementCoordination with formal systemsCoordination with natural supports
11SOME Providers Offer…CHAP – Children’s Hospitalization Alternative ProgramCo-Funded by Children’s Administration for 16 yrs.Individualized/ intensive careIn-home & out-of-homeRespite24/7 Crisis ResponseCompass Health: Snohomish/ IslandCatholic Community Services: Whatcom
12SOME Providers Offer… Wraparound Family-driven/ Youth-Guided Team BasedNatural SupportsCommunity BasedCulturally CompetentStrengths BasedCollaborationPersistentOutcomes BasedCompass Health: Snohomish/ IslandCatholic Community Services: Whatcom/ Skagit
13Individual and Tailored Care Each person has a unique combination of strengths and needs.Services should be designed to:utilize strengthsmeet needsIn the least restrictive manner.
14Plans Should… Include a mix of formal services and informal supports. Include age appropriate normal activities.Be provided in a natural environment.
15Family Voice and Participation Assessments based on family strengths and needs.Families should be included in the entire planning and treatment process.
16Considerations for Adolescents Youth who are thirteen and older can request mental health services without the consent of their parents. RCWYouth who are thirteen or older and who are a danger to themselves or others, and refuse treatment may be involuntarily detained and hospitalized. RCW
17Accessing Inpatient Services Two ways to access inpatient servicesVoluntaryInvoluntaryRCW : Parent may request determination whether minor has mental disorder requiring inpatient treatment — Minor consent not required(1) A parent may bring, or authorize the bringing of, his or her minor child to an evaluation and treatment facility or an inpatient facility licensed under chapter 70.41, 71.12, or RCW and request that the professional person examine the minor to determine whether the minor has a mental disorder and is in need of inpatient treatment.
18When is Inpatient Appropriate? Needs crisis stabilization in order to avoid a higher level of care.Potential danger to self, others, or property.Caregiver or youth are unable to ensure safety.Needs constant supervision and adult intervention to assure safe environmentInability to think clearly or distinguish reality.AND other less restrictive services have been tried which were not successful or were unable to ensure the youth's safety
19What to expect… Time limited crisis stabilization (5-10 days) Limited psychiatric evaluation/assessmentPossible medication assessments/ adjustmentsCoordination with outpatient provider (if there is one)Coordination with other systems (if indicated)Discharge Planning
20More about Inpatient Services No child/youth psychiatric inpatient facilities in our region.ALL child/youth psychiatric inpatient facilities in WA are private.Fairfax (6-17)Seattle Children’s (6-17)Two-Rivers Landing (11-17)Kitsap Youth Inpatient Unit (8-17)
21When is Inpatient Inappropriate? When less restrictive interventions have not been attempted.Solely for “medication adjustments” or “medication vacations”.In lieu of “placement”.When another system can better or more appropriately serve the child/youth (detention, Children’s Administration, primary care, etc.When the crisis and youth’s primary diagnosis are not directly related to mental health diagnosis.
22What is CLIP? CLIP stands for Children’s Long-Term Inpatient Program. The highest, most restrictive, most intensive level of mental health treatment in Washington State.Provides inpatient treatment for youth who have severe psychiatric impairment.Services are available to both Medicaid and non-Medicaid youth.There are 3 ways to access CLIP: Voluntary application, Involuntary commitment and RCW competency / restoration.A CLIP admission is not available as a crisis service, nor are children admitted to a CLIP Program solely because they need a safe place to live.Medicaid / non-Medicaid youth - All youth served in CLIP are eligible for Medicaid funding while in residence. If the youth has private insurance that covers psychiatric inpatient care, those benefits are also applied to the cost of the stay.
23CLIP FacilitiesThere are 91 beds total divided among 4 CLIP facilities that serve the entire state:McGraw Center in Seattle has 19 bedsPearl Street Center in Tacoma has 12 bedsChild Study & Treatment Center (CSTC) in Lakewood has 47 beds divided in 3 cottages:Camano Cottage youth 7 to 11Ketron Cottage youth 12 to 14Orcas Cottage youth 15 to 17Tamarack Center in Spokane has 13 bedsAll facilities admit both male and female youth.Region 3 youth are not typically admitted to Tamarack Center.
24Core CLIP ServicesCore CLIP Services that are generally offered by each of the 4 facilities. These may vary depending on the facility:Individualized evaluations, assessments and care plans24 hour psychiatric & nursing careMedication, as neededSafe, structured environmentCrisis stabilizationBehavior managementFamily, group and individual therapyFull educational program on site
25Core CLIP Services Continued… Social work/case management Recreational, expressive, and leisure therapySocial skills developmentDietary assessments & monitoringOccupational TherapyParent support & advocacyChemical dependency assessments & treatment
26Minimum Admission Criteria Must be under 18 yrs. prior to admission to CLIP.Must be legal residents of WA state or in the custody of a guardian who is a legal resident.Applicants must have a severe psychiatric impairment.Less restrictive treatment setting should be attempted prior to application.Applicants will not be excluded from consideration due to intellectual functioning, physical or medical disabilities.Applicants 13 yrs and younger vs. applicants 13 yrs. and older. (ITA).Severe Psychiatric Impairment - Applicants must have a severe psychiatric impairment with severe emotional disturbance, corroborated by a clear psychiatric diagnosis which warrants the intensity of CLIPLess Restrictive Opitons - Before applicants are considered for CLIP, a less restrictive treatment setting should be attempted, if appropriate and available, prior to application.Excluded - However, the applicant must meet the minimum admission criteria and demonstrate an ability to benefit from the treatment being provided in the CLIP program.Age - under the age of 13, the legal guardian must agree to the treatment. If the applicant is 13 years old or older, the client must agree to voluntary treatment. CLIP does not have the right to hold a youth against their will unless they have been court ordered to treatment via the Involuntary Treatment Act (ITA).
27Voluntary Application Two Tiered Process:A comprehensive application must be submitted to RSN CLIP Coordinator.Next, a screening date is set for youth’s legal guardian and other team members to present to the RSN CLIP committee.The RSN CLIP committee refers youth to the CLIP Administration .The CLIP Administration Process & Decision.Again, youth 13 yrs and older must agree to the voluntary treatment.Application - A comprehensive application must be submitted to RSN CLIP Coordinator. and reviewed for completeness, to start the process at the local level.Completeness - Once completeness is established, a screening date is set for youth’s legal guardian and other team members to present the application to the RSN CLIP committee.Refer to CLIP Administration - The RSN CLIP committee refers youth to the CLIP Administration only after consideration and approval of the application at the local level.The CLIP Administration Process & Decision. then compiles a written summary that is submitted to the CLIP Certification Team for review. Based on the materials provided, the Certification Team makes the final determination whether an applicant meets Medicaid medical necessity criteria. If the Certification Team approves the application, the child's name is placed on the statewide waiting list until a bed becomes available at the most appropriate CLIP Program.
28Involuntary Application Involuntary Commitment (ITA) 180-day Restrictive Orders for Inpatient Treatment:Under RCW 71.34, adolescents aged may be committed for up to 180 days of involuntary inpatient psychiatric treatment.Under this 180-day restrictive court order, the adolescent becomes eligible for admission to a CLIP Program.The adolescent's name is placed on the statewide waiting list as of the date of the 180-day Restrictive ITA order.RSN CLIP committee consults with CLIP Administration
29RCW 10.77 Competency / Restoration Competency / Restoration is the least common way to CLIP:RCW allows for children to be court-ordered, through the criminal justice system for psychiatric evaluation at CSTC and/or to regain competency to stand trial.RCW also permits the transfer of an adjudicated youth from a Juvenile Rehabilitation Administration (JRA) facility to CSTC for up to 14 days of psychiatric evaluation and treatment.10.77 RCW - allows for children to be court-ordered, through the criminal justice system for psychiatric evaluation at CSTC and/or to regain competency to stand trial. If the responsible RSN determines that the child should remain in treatment beyond the term of the order (up to 90 days), a voluntary application must be submitted to the CLIP Administration according to voluntary application procedures.RCW also permits the transfer of an adjudicated youth from a Juvenile Rehabilitation Administration (JRA) facility to CSTC for up to 14 days of psychiatric evaluation and treatment. After the 14 days, the youth may only remain if placed on an involuntary order, or if approved for voluntary admission by the CLIP Administration.
30Other notes on CLIPLength of stay can be from 6-12 months. Most youth average about 9 months. RSN CLIP Coordinator will follow the youth’s treatment throughout their stay.Youth are returned to their home community as soon as possible. Community partners, including family, DSHS caseworkers, therapists, schools, RSN, etc., are expected to collaborate with the CLIP Program to assure appropriate discharge resources are in place prior to discharge.Youth can be admitted to CLIP more than once as long as admission criteria has been met and there is expected benefit.If an application is not recommended by RSN, treatment recommendations will be made by the local committee.
31Questions? For more information, contact: Contacts NSMHA www.nsmha.org Julie de Losada, M.S.Angela Fraser, M.A.Pat Morris, M.EdContacts