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T HIRTEEN R EASONS W HY. AUTHOR Jay Asher was born in Arcadia, California on September 30, 1975. He grew up in a family that encouraged all of his interests,

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Presentation on theme: "T HIRTEEN R EASONS W HY. AUTHOR Jay Asher was born in Arcadia, California on September 30, 1975. He grew up in a family that encouraged all of his interests,"— Presentation transcript:


2 AUTHOR Jay Asher was born in Arcadia, California on September 30, 1975. He grew up in a family that encouraged all of his interests, from playing the guitar to his writing. After graduating from high school, he attended Cuesta College. While attending this college he wrote his first two children’s books for a class he was in. Thirteen Reasons Why was the first book ever that has been published by Jay.

3 P ROTAGONIST H ANNAH B AKER The hard thing about this book, is that there really is no protagonist character in this book. Hannah has found thirteen people who have helped her decision of suicide, which makes the narrator one of the antagonists since he is apart of her decision. Hannah was a normal teenager girl who moves to a new town and has a hard time fitting in. The people she meets seem to just let her down and make her life harder everyday. She was influenced by her peers and was pushed into suicide naturally. She felt she had no other outcome of her problems.

4 A NTAGONISTS T HIRTEEN REASONS WHY Hannah gives Thirteen tapes to thirteen people who have influenced her to commit suicide. This group of thirteen would be the antagonists of this story. Justin Foley (2 reasons) Alex Standall Jessica Davis Tyler Down Courtney Crimsen Marcus Cooley Zach Dempsey Ryan Shaver Clay Jensen Jenny Kurtz Bryce Walker Mr. Porter

5 F AVORITE C HARACTER C LAY J ENSEN My favorite character is Clay Jensen who is the narrator this novel. Clay receives the tapes from Hannah and seems to be the only person who really cared about Hannah. Throughout the story, clay finds himself wondering why he is on the tapes as he listens to each one. Clay had had one special night with Hannah and after being hurt so many times by heartless boys, she denies him and he didn’t know why. When it was his turn on the tape, Hannah explains that he doesn’t belong on the tapes and that she just wanted him to know why she did what she did to him.

6 L EAST F AVORITE C HARACTER M R. P ORTER Mr. Porter was a counselor at Hannah’s school and when Hannah had gone to him about committing suicide, he just let her go. Hannah had already made the decision of suicide, but Mr. Porter was her last resort to see if anyone really did care. She explained to him her feelings about suicide and that she had been considering it and he just told her to work it out on her own. After seeing that he really didn’t care either, she stormed out of his office and he didn’t even try and stop her. Hannah then had no more reasons to live and that night she was gone.

7 E XPOSITION Thirteen Reasons Why Hannah Baker has just recently committed suicide and sends thirteen tapes to thirteen people explaining all of her reasons why. Clay Jensen, a former student at Hannah’s high school, receives a bag full of tapes a couple days after hearing about Hannah’s death. After listening to the first tape he learns that he was one of Hannah’s reasons for her death. He now has to listen to all of the tapes before his, to hear about what other people did to Hannah to make her want to commit suicide.

8 R ISING A CTION The rising action of this story begins right after Clay listens to the first tape of Hannah. Each tape is about one person who is a reason for Hannah’s death. She explains in depth of the reasons and Clay starts to find himself feeling worse and worse. Hearing about what all of the people had done to Hannah, he physically starts to get sick and has to patiently listen to all of them till he gets to his own. Clay starts to really wonder what he had done to Hannah to make him one of her reasons.

9 C LIMAX The climax of the story is when Clay finally hears his tape. Hannah explains that he wasn’t a reason for her death, but that she wanted him to know why she did what she did. The last night Clay spent with Hannah she rejected him and told him to leave her alone and she wanted him to know it wasn’t personal.

10 F ALLING A CTION The falling action of the book is after Clay finishes Hannah’s tapes and knows there’s nothing he can do for her now. The next day at school, he is nervous to see all the people who were on and heard the tapes. He starts to accept the fact that Hannah is gone and that there is nothing he can do about it.

11 R ESOLUTION At the end of the book, Clay sees a girl he has known for awhile as she walks down the hall, head down and alone. He can’t help but think of Hannah while he watches her walk further away from him. Clay decides he won’t let what happened to Hannah happen to anyone else and he runs after the girl.

12 T IME P ERIOD / S ETTING The book takes place during a couple days after Hannah commits suicide. Clay hears the tapes in a full day and it ends the next day at school. Settings Rosie's diner High school Gas station Eisenhower Park Blue Spot Liquor Monet's Cafe

13 T HEMES Teen Depression- Teens suffer from depression everyday, which if not taken care of, can lead to suicide. Alcohol and Drug abuse-Teen suicide is becoming more and more fluent in America and drug abuse is a big factor of that Rape- Rape along with drinking are huge factors that contribute to teen suicide.

14 R ATING I rate this book a 9. I really enjoyed reading this book, I think there could have been a little bit more to the ending but the overall story was interesting.

15 S OCIAL I SSUE For my social issue, I decided to do TEEN SUICIDE. It’s important for people to know about it and to know what to do to help someone who is suffering.

16 T EEN S UICIDE Suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15- 24 year-olds. 60% of suicide deaths are used with a gun. 95% of people who commit or attempt suicide suffer from a form of mental illness. 20-50% of suicides are related to alcohol or drug abuse. (

17 F ACTORS OF S UICIDE a psychological disorder, especially depression, bipolar disorder, and alcohol and drug use feelings of distress, irritability, or agitation feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness that often accompany depression a previous suicide attempt a family history of depression or suicide physical or sexual abuse lack of a support network, poor relationships with parents or peers, and feelings of social isolation dealing with homosexuality in an unsupportive family or community or hostile school environment Alcohol and drug abuse Bullying (

18 W ARNING S IGNS talk about suicide or death in general talk about "going away" talk about feeling hopeless or feeling guilty pull away from friends or family lose the desire to take part in favorite things or activities have trouble concentrating or thinking clearly experience changes in eating or sleeping habits self-destructive behavior (drinking alcohol, taking drugs, or driving too fast, for example) (

19 W HAT C AN W E D O ? WATCH AND LISTEN- If you suspect someone who is considering suicide, make sure you watch and listen for warning signs. ASK QUESTIONS- sometimes people think they may make the situation worse if they talk to someone they suspect of suicide. Most of the time the victims want someone to comfort and help them. GET HELP- if you suspect someone may be considering, contact an official or call (800) SUICIDE for help (


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