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University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology.

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1 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology

2 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology Light gray Times New Roman text: material from which quiz and exam questions will not be drawn. Spoken comments and sketches on board are also material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn. The availability of Powerpoint presentations to students is not an indication that those presentations are an adequate substitute for a set of lecture notes and is not an indication that attendance at lectures is unnecessary. White sans-serif Helvetica text: material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn

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19 Graduate Advanced Beginning students Undergrads undergrads

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26 Ghawar (Saudi Arabia) Burgan (Kuwait) Prudhoe Bay (Alaska) Wilmington (California) Cantarell (Mexico) Forties (North Sea) Orinoco Oil Belt (Venezuela) Bakken (North Dakota) Athabasca Tar Sands (Alberta) Orinoco Oil Belt (Venezuela) Bakken Play (North Dakota) Athabasca Tar Sands (Alberta)

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29 Introductory thoughts University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

30 GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology

31 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology Geoscience

32 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology Geology Geophysics Geohydrology Geo(technology) Geo(engineering) Petroleum economics Geoscience

33 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology Geology Geophysics Geohydrology Geo(technology) Geo(engineering) Petroleum economics Geoscience

34 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology Geology Geophysics Geohydrology Geo(technology) Geo(engineering) Petroleum economics Geoscience

35 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology GEOLOGY 4320/6320: Petroleum Geology Geology Geophysics Geohydrology Geo(technology) Geo(engineering) Petroleum economics Geoscience

36 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 13 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 3. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

37 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 13 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 3. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

38 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 13 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

39 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 13 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

40 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 15 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

41 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 15 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

42 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 15 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

43 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 15 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

44 Professorial whining 1. Interrelatedness of topics 2. Two-fold agenda Explanation of petroleum geoscience Development of skills in subsurface geology 3. Textbooks Best-written textbook is 13 years old. Many newer textbooks written by non-educators. Textbooks have a North-Sea bias. More whining to follow. 4. Confidentiality and proprietary nature of data and technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

45 Textbooks: Knut Bjørlykke 2010 UGA Libraries Online Resource Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics newest, largely specialist-written Two chapters on seismic, one of which is book’s longest (  = 50 pages) Jon Gluyas and Richard Swarbrick 2004 Petroleum Geoscience recent, interestingly organized, many case studies Not much on seismic method (eight pages) Small print that i s hard to read Richard C. Selley 1998 Elements of Petroleum Geology (Second edition) older, well-organized, single-authored Thirteen pages on seismic method Fakhry A. Assad, 2009 UGA Libraries Online Resource Field Methods for Petroleum Geologists Recent, covers well much of what it covers, occasionally out of date University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

46 Textbooks(?): Knut Bjørlykke 2010 UGA Libraries Online Resource Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics newest, largely specialist-written Two chapters on seismic, one of which is book’s longest (  = 50 pages) Jon Gluyas and Richard Swarbrick 2004 Petroleum Geoscience recent, interestingly organized, many case studies Not much on seismic method (eight pages) Small print that i s hard to read Richard C. Selley 1998 Elements of Petroleum Geology (Second edition) older, well-organized, single-authored Thirteen pages on seismic method Fakhry A. Assad, 2009 UGA Libraries Online Resource Field Methods for Petroleum Geologists Recent, covers well much of what it covers, occasionally out of date University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

47 Textbooks: Knut Bjørlykke 2010 UGA Libraries Online Resource Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics newest, largely specialist-written Two chapters on seismic, one of which is book’s longest (  = 50 pages) Jon Gluyas and Richard Swarbrick 2004 UGA Libraries Online Resource Petroleum Geoscience recent, interestingly organized, many case studies Not much on seismic method (eight pages) Small print that i s hard to read Richard C. Selley 1998 Elements of Petroleum Geology (Second edition) older, well-organized, single-authored Thirteen pages on seismic method Fakhry A. Assad, 2009 UGA Libraries Online Resource Field Methods for Petroleum Geologists Recent, covers well much of what it covers, occasionally out of date University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

48 Textbooks: Knut Bjørlykke 2010 UGA Libraries Online Resource Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics newest, largely specialist-written Two chapters on seismic, one of which is book’s longest (  = 50 pages) Jon Gluyas and Richard Swarbrick 2004 Petroleum Geoscience recent, interestingly organized, many case studies Not much on seismic method (eight pages) Small print that i s hard to read Richard C. Selley 1998 Elements of Petroleum Geology (Second edition) older, well-organized, single-authored Thirteen pages on seismic method Fakhry A. Assad, 2009 UGA Libraries Online Resource Field Methods for Petroleum Geologists Recent, covers well much of what it covers, occasionally out of date University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

49 Textbooks: Knut Bjørlykke 2010 UGA Libraries Online Resource Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics newest, largely specialist-written Two chapters on seismic, one of which is book’s longest (  = 50 pages) Jon Gluyas and Richard Swarbrick 2004 Petroleum Geoscience recent, interestingly organized, many case studies Not much on seismic method (eight pages) Small print that i s hard to read Richard C. Selley 1998 Elements of Petroleum Geology (Second edition) older, well-organized, single-authored Thirteen pages on seismic method Fakhry A. Assad, 2009 UGA Libraries Online Resource Field Methods for Petroleum Geologists Recent, covers well much of what it covers, occasionally out of date University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

50 More books: Mike Shepherd 2009UGA: TN 860.A512M no. 91 Oil Field Production Geology (AAPG Memoir 91) Well-organized; abundant schematic illustrations Charles F. Conaway 1999 UGA TN 870.C The Petroleum Industry: A Nontechnical Guide Simple explanations of many, many, things George Asquith and Dan Krygowski 2004 Basic Well Log Analysis (Second edition) The industry’s standard document on the subject Nigel Anstey 1982UGA: TN 269.A Simple Seismics (Second edition) What it says it is, which is good University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

51 More books: Frederick K. North 1985UGA: TN N Petroleum Geology 607 pages of geology for geologists; lots of examples Royal Dutch/Shell Staff 1983 UGA: TN 870.P The Petroleum Handbook 710 pages of technical stuff (the technical analog of Conaway’s book) B.P. Tissot and D.H. Welte 1984UGA: TN T Petroleum Formation and Occurrence (Second Edition) The source-rock and petroleum-geochemistry revolution A. I. Levorsen 1967 UGA: TN 870.L Geology of Petroleum (Second edition) Now only of historic interest, but the classic in the field University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

52 Reference books: Robert D. Langenkamp 1985 UGA: Sci Ref TN 865.J The Illustrated Petroleum Reference Dictionary Robert D. Langenkamp 1994 UGA: TN 865.L Handbook of Oil Industry Terms and Phrases (Fifth edition) Jennifer A. Miles 1989 UGA: Sci Ref TN M Illustrated Glossary of Petroleum Geochemistry Edward A. Beaumont & Norman H. Foster ~1990 GSU: TN B46... AAPG Treatise of Petroleum Geology: Atlas of Oil and Gas Fields Multiple volumes, categorized by trap types (eight structural, three stratigraphic?) University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

53 Reference books: Robert D. Langenkamp 1985 UGA: Sci Ref TN 865.J The Illustrated Petroleum Reference Dictionary Robert D. Langenkamp 1994 UGA: TN 865.L Handbook of Oil Industry Terms and Phrases (Fifth edition) Jennifer A. Miles 1989 UGA: Sci Ref TN M Illustrated Glossary of Petroleum Geochemistry Edward A. Beaumont & Norman H. Foster ~1990 GSU: TN B46... AAPG Treatise of Petroleum Geology: Atlas of Oil and Gas Fields Multiple volumes, categorized by trap types (eight structural, three stratigraphic?) University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

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55 Reference websites: Rigzone.com RIGZONE - How it works ≥ 60 pages on drilling, logging, production, etc. Schlumberger staff Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary With 4600 entries, thorough beyond reason U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing eTool - Glossary of Terms An abridgement of the (out of print?) Dictionary of Petroleum Terms Discovery Group Inc. Oil and Gas Resources by state A gateway to websites of state regulatory agencies University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

56 Reference websites: Rigzone.com RIGZONE - How it works ≥ 60 pages on drilling, logging, production, etc. Schlumberger staff Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary With 4600 entries, thorough beyond reason U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing eTool - Glossary of Terms An abridgement of the (out of print?) Dictionary of Petroleum Terms Discovery Group Inc. Oil and Gas Resources by state A gateway to websites of state regulatory agencies University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

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58 Reference websites: Rigzone.com RIGZONE - How it works ≥ 60 pages on drilling, logging, production, etc. Schlumberger staff Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary With 4600 entries, thorough beyond reason U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing eTool - Glossary of Terms An abridgement of the (out of print?) Dictionary of Petroleum Terms Discovery Group Inc. Oil and Gas Resources by state A gateway to websites of state regulatory agencies University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

59 Periodicals/Journals: Oil and Gas Journal TN 860.O3 World Oil UGA: TN 860.W9 AAPG (American Association of Petroleum Geologists) Bulletin Journal of Petroleum Geology Petroleum Geology Journal of Petroleum Technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

60 Periodicals/Journals: Oil and Gas Journal TN 860.O3 World Oil UGA: TN 860.W9 AAPG (American Association of Petroleum Geologists) Bulletin Journal of Petroleum Geology Petroleum Geology Journal of Petroleum Technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

61 Periodicals/Journals: Oil and Gas Journal TN 860.O3 World Oil UGA: TN 860.W9 AAPG (American Association of Petroleum Geologists) Bulletin * * * * Journal of Petroleum Geology Petroleum Geology Journal of Petroleum Technology University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

62 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

63 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

64 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

65 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

66 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

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68 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

69 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

70 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

71 Reasons for this course Better petroleum geoscientists Drilling wells has major environmental impact Better exploration geoscientists drill fewer dry holes. Better production geoscientists get more petroleum from each hole, reducing the number of wells drilled per unit time. More hireable/employable geoscience graduates Petroleum companies look for knowledgeable people. Better users of data generated by the petroleum industry Wells and seismic data provide information available from nowhere else. Citizens who understand the science, dynamics, and risks of how humans find and exploit their present major source of energy.... University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

72 GEOL 4320/6320 prerequisites: GEOL 1120 or GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1122 or GEOL L or GEOL 2350H or HONS(BIOL)(CHEM)(GEOL)(PHYS) 2080H University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

73 GEOL 4320/6320 prerequisites: GEOL 1120 or GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1122 or GEOL L or GEOL 2350H or HONS(BIOL)(CHEM)(GEOL)(PHYS) 2080H i.e., a geology class University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

74 Assumed vocabulary Clay Silt Sand Gravel Shale Siltstone Sandstone Conglomerate Limestone Dolostone Evaporite Chert Grain size Sorting If any of these are unfamiliar, the American Geological Institute’s Glossary of Geology is waiting for you in the Science Library’s Reference Section at QE.B Normal fault Reverse fault Thrust fault Strike-slip fault Fold Anticline Syncline Convergent plate boundary Divergent plate boundary Transform plate boundary Continental margin Continental shelf Continental slope Unconformity Cenozoic Holocene Quaternary Tertiary Neogene Paleogene Mesozoic Cretaceous Jurassic Triassic Paleozoic Permian Pennsylvanian Carboniferous Mississippian Devonian Silurian Ordovician Cambrian Proterozoic Precambrian University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Quartz Feldspar Muscovite Biotite Mica Calcite Aragonite Dolomite Gypsum Anhydrite Halite

75 Assumed vocabulary Clay Silt Sand Gravel Shale Siltstone Sandstone Conglomerate Limestone Dolostone Evaporite Chert Grain size Sorting If any of these are unfamiliar, the American Geological Institute’s Glossary of Geology is waiting for you in the Science Library’s Reference Section at QE.B Normal fault Reverse fault Thrust fault Strike-slip fault Fold Anticline Syncline Convergent plate boundary Divergent plate boundary Transform plate boundary Continental margin Continental shelf Continental slope Cenozoic Holocene Quaternary Tertiary Neogene Paleogene Mesozoic Cretaceous Jurassic Triassic Paleozoic Permian Pennsylvanian Carboniferous Mississippian Devonian Silurian Ordovician Cambrian Proterozoic Precambrian University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Quartz Feldspar Muscovite Biotite Mica Calcite Aragonite Dolomite Gypsum Anhydrite Halite

76 Light gray Times New Roman text: material from which quiz and exam questions will not be drawn. Spoken comments and sketches on board are also material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn. The availability of Powerpoint presentations to students is not an indication that those presentations are an adequate substitute for a set of lecture notes and is not an indication that attendance at lectures is unnecessary. White sans-serif Helvetica text: material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

77 Light gray Times New Roman text: material from which quiz and exam questions will not be drawn. Spoken comments and sketches on board are also material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn. The availability of Powerpoint presentations to students is not an indication that those presentations are an adequate substitute for a set of lecture notes and is not an indication that attendance at lectures is unnecessary. White sans-serif Helvetica text: material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

78 Light gray Times New Roman text: material from which quiz and exam questions will not be drawn. Spoken comments and sketches on board are also material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn. The availability of Powerpoint presentations to students is not an indication that those presentations are an adequate substitute for a set of lecture notes and is not an indication that attendance at lectures is unnecessary. White sans-serif Helvetica text: material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

79 Light gray Times New Roman text: material from which quiz and exam questions will not be drawn. Spoken comments and sketches on board are also material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn. The availability of Powerpoint presentations to students is not an indication that those presentations are an adequate substitute for a set of lecture notes and is not an indication that attendance at lectures is unnecessary. White sans-serif Helvetica text: material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

80 Light gray Times New Roman text: material from which quiz and exam questions will not be drawn. Spoken comments and sketches on board are also material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn. The availability of Powerpoint presentations to students is not an indication that those presentations are an adequate substitute for a set of lecture notes and is not an indication that attendance at lectures is unnecessary. White sans-serif Helvetica text: material from which quiz and exam questions will be drawn University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology


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