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Chapter 6 The United States Breaks Away. Focus Questions  How did the emergence of the United States shape Canada?  What challenges of co-existence.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 The United States Breaks Away. Focus Questions  How did the emergence of the United States shape Canada?  What challenges of co-existence."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 The United States Breaks Away

2 Focus Questions  How did the emergence of the United States shape Canada?  What challenges of co-existence arose from the Loyalist migration?  How did people meet those challenges?

3 Thirteen Colonies

4 Conflict in the Thirteen Colonies What was the American War of Independence?  After 1763, Britain was deeply in debt because of the Seven Years War.  To save money, it kept troops in the Thirteen Colonies, but made the colonies pay for the troops by raising taxes.  The colonists refused to pay because they were not allowed to elect representatives in the British parliament.  The protests turned into a rebellion in 1775, and the American War of Independence lasted until  People who supported the war were called Patriots.  People against the war & loyal to Britain were called Loyalists.

5 War of Independence

6 A Wave of Refugees What was the Loyalist Migration?  During & after the war, people supporting British rule left the Thirteen colonies for the British colonies of Quebec & Nova Scotia.  Most of these people had British ancestors, however some were African American Loyalists, some were Haudenosaunee, & some were German Mennonites.

7 Challenges Related to the Loyalist Migration Impact on Canadians  The number of British people grew in Quebec with the arrival of Loyalists.  Loyalists wanted British laws in Quebec.  The Canadiens were concerned about their rights, retaining French laws & customs that were protected under the Quebec Act of 1774.

8 Impact on First Nations  After the Loyalists arrived the British changed their reason for negotiating treaties with the First Nations.  Treaties were originally for peace but because the loyalists were farmers, new treaties were made to take over land.

9 Loyalists Press for Change  Many Loyalists in Nova Scotia joined existing settlements.  A large new group settled along the St. John River & wanted a colony separate from Nova Scotia.  The British government received petitions from Loyalist settlers in Quebec who wanted British laws & customs instead of French Laws & customs.  Britain responded by dividing Nova Scotia into several new colonies in 1784; New Brunswick, Cape Breton island, & St. John Island.  A few years later, Britain reorganized Quebec by passing the Constitutional Act of  This act established British laws & institutions for Loyalist settlers west of Montreal.  Quebec was also divided into Upper & Lower Canada each having representative governments.

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11 War of 1812  The War of 1812 was a fight between British North America & the United States, it also started wars in Europe.  As part of its war against France, Britain shut down trade between France & the U.S..  It blocked American ships from landing at French ports & also looked on these ships for British deserters.  In retaliation the U.S, declared war on the closest piece of British territory, British North America now known as Canada.  The Americans invaded British North America but the colonists fought back.

12 Taking Sides in the War of 1812  The Americans hoped that people living in British North America would not oppose their take over plans.  Some Americans thought the Canadiens would fight British rule once the Americans attacked.  The Canadiens did not support the Americans mainly because the Catholic Church opposed it.  Many Upper Canadians supported Britain & strongly opposed the Americans.  Some American settlers in Upper Canada supported the U.S. invasion but did not take any sides. They just wanted to farm peacefully.  After the war Britain ordered those who had supported the American cause to leave Upper Canada.  It further discouraged American immigration & encourage British immigrants to settle in Upper Canada.  Many First Nations groups supported the British against the Americans.


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