Presentation on theme: "Growth of the United States. Label the Original Thirteen Colonies Delaware 1787 Pennsylvania 1787 New Jersey 1787 Georgia 1788 Connecticut 1788 Massachusetts."— Presentation transcript:
Growth of the United States
Label the Original Thirteen Colonies Delaware 1787 Pennsylvania 1787 New Jersey 1787 Georgia 1788 Connecticut 1788 Massachusetts 1788 Maryland 1788 South Carolina 1788 New Hampshire 1788 Virginia 1788 New York 1788 North Carolina 1789 Rhode Island 1790 Color the Original Thirteen Colonies Red
Territory of the Thirteen Colonies Treaty of Paris 1783 –Ended the American Revolution –This treaty recognized US independence from Great Britain –This same treaty set the boundaries of this new nation from Canada to the Florida border and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River
Territory of the Thirteen Colonies Vermont 1791 West Virginia 1863 Alabama 1819 Mississippi 1817 Tennessee 1796 Kentucky 1792 Ohio 1803 Indiana 1816 Illinois 1818 Michigan 1837 Wisconsin 1848 Label and color the above states Orange
Louisiana Purchase 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte of France persuaded Spain to give back the LA area Napoleon then sells this area to Jefferson because he needs money to finance his war and his hopes of an American Empire had diminished Napoleon sells the Louisiana Purchase to the United States for $15 million and this alone more than doubled the size of the United States.
Louisiana Purchase 1803 Minnesota 1858 Iowa 1846 Missouri 1821 Arkansas 1836 Louisiana 1812 Oklahoma 1907 Kansas 1861 Nebraska 1867 South Dakota 1889 North Dakota 1889 Montana 1889 Wyoming 1890 Colorado 1876 Label and color the above states Yellow
Purchase of Florida 1819 Spain was suffering serious internal problems and their territories in the Americas was on the verge of revolution. Spanish foreign minister Onis signed a treaty with Quincy Adams. The United States would pay up to $5 million to Spain's citizens and Florida would be ceded to the United States. The United States then ceded its claims to Texas west of the Sabine River. In addition, Spain ceded its claims to their Oregon Territories.
Purchase of Florida 1819 Florida 1845 Label the dotted line Treaty of 1819 Label and color the state Green
Annexation of Texas 1845 The Mexican government wanted US settlement in Texas to help out with the Native Americans. They were offered Empresarios, land grants. Soon, the tensions mounted between the Texans and the Mexican government. The war for Texas independence lasted from with a Texan victory. The Treaty of Velasco granted independence for Texas. Sam Houston became the president of the Republic of Texas in President Polk favored the annexation of Texas as a state to the US and it became the 28 th state in 1845.
Annexation of Texas 1845 Texas 1845 New Mexico 1912 Label and color the above states Blue
Acquisition of the Oregon Territory 1846 In 1818, Britain and US agreed to a joint occupation of this territory. The British settlers were fur traders and the decline of fur trades prompted the British to do something with the loss. President Polk, “Fifty-Four Forty or Fight,” determined to get this area he was willing to wage war against Britain. Britain didn’t want to hurt relations with the US and/or their trading partner. They gave up their territorial claims to Oregon and the boundary was set at the 49 th parallel.
Acquisition of Oregon Territory 1846 Washington 1889 Oregon 1859 Idaho 1890 Label and color the above states Purple
Mexican Cession 1848 Mexico wanted Texas back and the US wanted California. They would go to war with one another The War with Mexico would last from Mexico was unwilling to give and so was true for the US. In 1848, Mexico finally surrendered because they had suffered many causalities. They signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande Border for Texas and ceded New Mexico and California to the US. The US agreed to pay $15 million for the Mexican Cession which includes present day California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
Mexican Cession 1848 California 1850 Nevada 1864 Utah 1896 Arizona 1912 Label and color the above states Pink
Gadsden Purchase 1853 Five years later, President Franklin Pierce would authorize the Gadsden Purchase. The US would pay $10 million for another piece of land south of the Gila River. This would also establish the current border of the lower 48 states. Color and label the piece below Arizona Grey.