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Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKES! Be alert and aware! Know the risks! Avoid & Survive!

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Presentation on theme: "Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKES! Be alert and aware! Know the risks! Avoid & Survive!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKES! Be alert and aware! Know the risks! Avoid & Survive!

2 BIRD STRIKES! BIRD STRIKES! Wing Fligh.Clinic0 Click mouse button to advance screen Objectives of This Training: Improve your understanding of risk factors Reduce the likelihood of bird strikes in CAP Improve your awareness of the issue of bird strikes

3 BIRD STRIKES! This presentation is based on documents prepared by the FAA and in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The emergency forced landing of US Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River on 15 January 2009 after Canada geese were ingested in both engines of the Airbus 320 dramatically demonstrated to the public that bird strikes are a serious aviation safety issue. For more detailed data, see the above report on the: mitigation.tc.faa.gov/wildlife/downloads/ BASH90-09.pdf website.

4 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE!

5 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE!

6 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE!

7 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE!

8 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE BIRD STRIKE

9 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE! l BIRD STRIKE!

10 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKES! Was there anything in the luggage that was worth your life? This was US Airways flight 1549 Airbus 320 that landed in the Hudson due to loss of engine power from bird ingestion in both engines. Some persons in this photo actually stopped and grabbed their bags from the overhead bins during the evacuation.

11 Click mouse button to advance screen MN Wing Flight Clinic: Bird Strikes BIRD STRIKE STATS Bird strike reports have increased alarmingly over the last 20 years.

12 Click mouse button to advance screen Many populations of wildlife species commonly involved in strikes have increased markedly in the last few decades and adapted to living in urban environments, including airports. Thirteen of the 14 bird species in North America with mean body masses greater than 8 lbs have shown significant population increases over the past three decades. The number of strikes annually reported more than quintupled from 1,759 in 1990 to 9,474 in BIRD STRIKE FACTS

13 Click mouse button to advance screen MN Wing Flight Clinic: Bird Strikes Canada Goose Population Increase Population Increase Explosive growth of the Canada goose population in the U.S.

14 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE STATS Bird strikes can occur anytime, but the prime months are July through October. 51% of the annual total.

15 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE STATS Since most flights occur during the day, more bird strikes occur then. However, birds do also fly at night.

16 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE STATS The phases of flight during which the vast majority of bird strikes occur is during takeoff and climb out, and during approach and landing.

17 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE STATS The highest number of bird strikes occur below 100 AGL, and then another high grouping appears in the 900 to 4000 foot AGL range.

18 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE! It always pays to keep your eyes outside and looking for any kind of airborne traffic.

19 Click mouse button to advance screen BIRD STRIKE! Although it seems the more fancy panel equipment we get, the more we focus inside. This panel is much less fancy after a bird strike.

20 Click mouse button to advance screen The U.S. Air Force Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Team and the FAA offer this guidance for avoiding and/or dealing with bird strikes: Avoid low altitude flight as much as feasible to reduce the risk of a strike. Strikes are most likely in July, August, September, and October - particularly in migratory flyways. These tend to be the larger birds. Keep a lookout, just as you would for other flying objects. Turn on landing or recognition lights. This helps birds see oncoming aircraft. BIRD STRIKE AVOIDANCE!

21 Click mouse button to advance screen Plan to climb. Birds almost invariably dive away, but there are exceptions. Slow down. This will allow birds more time to get out of your way and will lessen the impact force if you do hit one. If a collision seems likely, duck below the glare shield to avoid being hit by the bird and flying Plexiglas. Advise passengers to do the same. Protect your eyes and head. BIRD STRIKE AVOIDANCE!

22 Click mouse button to advance screen If a collision occurs, fly the aircraft first! Assess the damage and decide whether you can make it to an airport or you should make an off-airport landing. Declare an emergency - it doesn't cost anything. Even if no damage is visible, divert to the nearest airport and have a mechanic look at the airplane. There are likely to be some aerodynamic modifications that do not have FAA approval. BIRD STRIKE, NOW WHAT?

23 Please be sure to use the Avian Hazard Advisory System to get general information updates about Avian activity in areas near you. This is available on under the Safety Tab. Click to the next page for a look at the webpage entry screen.

24 A product of the Air Force Safety center, this is a public use webpage accessible at

25 Click mouse button to advance screen 92% of the bird strikes occur at or below 3,000 feet AGL. 72% of the time bird strikes occur below 500 feet AGL. Bird strikes occur more often in the late summer/ autumn season. Birds are more likely to be struck during the landing (i.e., descent, approach or landing roll) phase of flight compared to take-off and climb. Less than 2 percent of bird strikes occur above 10,000 feet AGL. Flying high and maintaining that altitude during cruise is good ORM. BIRD STRIKE SUMMARY:

26 Click mouse button to advance screen Thank you for the contribution of this presentation from CAP’s members and for everyone’s continued support of a positive safety program. BIRD STRIKE


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