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كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام سورة الكهف ، الاية 96 و 97 ءاتوني زبر الحديد حتى إذا ساوى بين الصدفين قال انفخوا حتى إذا جعله نارا قال ءاتونى.

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Presentation on theme: "كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام سورة الكهف ، الاية 96 و 97 ءاتوني زبر الحديد حتى إذا ساوى بين الصدفين قال انفخوا حتى إذا جعله نارا قال ءاتونى."— Presentation transcript:

1 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام سورة الكهف ، الاية 96 و 97 ءاتوني زبر الحديد حتى إذا ساوى بين الصدفين قال انفخوا حتى إذا جعله نارا قال ءاتونى أفرغ عليه قطرا فما اسطاعوا أن يظهروه وما استطاعوا له نقبا صدق الله العظيم

2 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام HOW TO WRITE A SCIENTIFIC PAPER Hossam El-Din Sallam Coordinator of the Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Jazan University

3 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ. د./ حسام الدين سلام outline  Motivation, ambition and competition  INTRODUCTION  ELEMENTS OF THE SCIENTIFIC PAPER

4 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام

5 reservoir robots -- tiny nanorobots less than 1/100th the width of a human hair -- Thirteen Winning Companies Receive Top Honors at Global Petroleum Event HOUSTON, TEXAS – October 17, 2008 - World Oil ® magazine announced the thirteen winners of the 2008 World Oil Awards at the seventh annual black- tie gala dinner last night in Houston, Texas. The event, attended by close to 350 industry leaders, benefited two universities that offer programs leading to careers in the petroleum industry. The New Horizons Idea Award: Resbots, EXPEC Advanced Research Center World Oil Awards Winners Announced Saudi Aramco

6 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ. د./ حسام الدين سلام outline  Motivation, ambition and competition  INTRODUCTION  ELEMENTS OF THE SCIENTIFIC PAPER

7 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام العملية التعليمية التعليم خدمة المجتمع البحث العلمي

8 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام ما أهمية ورقتك علمية ظلمة الجهل نور المعرفة و م ا أ و ت ي ت م م ن ا ل ع ل م إ لا ق ل ي Goblins

9 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام BEFORE WRITING  The paper is the work not a description of it.  Start writing the paper as soon as possible – view it as a tool of your research.  You have to be a good reader o Skimming. Skim the paper quickly: headings, figures o Vocabulary. Go through the paper word by word and line by line o Comprehension, section by section o Reflection and criticism. After you understand the article and can summarize it, then you can draw your own conclusions.

10 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ. د./ حسام الدين سلام outline  Motivation, ambition and competition  INTRODUCTION  ELEMENTS OF THE SCIENTIFIC PAPER

11 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام 1) Title 2) Abstract & Keywords 3) Introduction 4) Materials and Methods 5) Results A. Text B. Tables C. Figures 6) Discussion 7) Conclusions 8) Acknowledgements 9) References Cited 10) Appendix ELEMENTS OF THE SCIENTIFIC PAPER

12 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام Title, Abstract, Keywords & Conclusions It is best to write the abstract & conclusions AFTER completing a draft of the paper Abstract: NOT part of the paper but the whole paper in miniature. The abstract is a one or two paragraph condensation (150-200 words) Wrap up your paper with a brief summary of your conclusions Title: not too narrow and not too broad Make the title concise, descriptive, and informative Must get the attention of a wide but appropriate range of potential readers Title should indicate the nature of the research

13 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام Introduction & References write it first – do it early, revisit often The introduction, write it first – do it early, revisit often and should address the following questions. What problem did you investigate? Why did you choose this subject &why is it important? What hypotheses did you test? Based upon your reading, what results did you anticipate, and why? – Last paragraph (objectives) : elaborate on what you’ll be doing in your paper. If you include information from other sources to explain what is currently known about the topic and why you are anticipating certain results, be sure to cite those REFERENCES in the body of your paper.

14 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام M MM Materials and Methods Write this as soon as you think that your methods are mature – the writing process will make you check whether they really are Should describe the methods in enough detail Provide all important details but omit irrelevant ones. Sub-headings can be a useful way to organize the section How did you conduct your study? What equipment did you use? What procedures did you follow?

15 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ.د./ حسام الدين سلام Results & Discussion The function of the RESULTS section is to summarize general trends in the data without comment, bias, or interpretation. Statistical tests applied to your data are reported in this section although conclusions about your original hypotheses are saved for the DISCUSSION section. Data may be presented in figures and tables, but this may not substitute for a verbal summary of the findings. The text should be understandable by someone who has not seen your figures and tables. The Discussion should contain at least the relationship between the results and the original hypothesis. an integration of your results with those of previous studies. possible explanations for unexpected results and observations Avoid redundancy between the Results and the Discussion section.

16 كيف تكتب ورقة علمية أ. د./ حسام الدين سلام ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

17 وشكراَ الحمد لله رب العالمين


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