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An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Introduction to the History and Heritage of the U.S. Army by CPT August Turner Murray.

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Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Introduction to the History and Heritage of the U.S. Army by CPT August Turner Murray."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Introduction to the History and Heritage of the U.S. Army by CPT August Turner Murray Assistant Professor of Military Science University of New Hampshire

2 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Terminal Learning Objective Task: Gain familiarization with the U.S. Army Condition: Given a classroom presentation & handouts Standard: Demonstrate a basic understanding of the U.S. Army’s History and Heritage

3 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army References U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army (TIOH) A Century of Service, by David W. Hogan, CMH U.S. Army Home Page

4 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army’s Birth  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

5 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Army Birthday 14 June 1775 Since its birth on 14 June over a year before the Declaration of Independence-the United States Army has played a vital role in the growth and development of our nation. Soldiers have fought 10 wars, from the American Revolution through the Cold War, the Gulf War, to the current War on Terrorism. This Army’s Birthday is a recognition of our history, traditions, and service to the Nation. Click to play:

6 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Army’s Components The Army is composed of an active duty component, also known as the “Regular Army,” and the Reserve Components of the Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve First muster Salem, MA. Dec. 13, 1636 Formed by Congress April 23, 1908

7 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army Birthday  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

8 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Army Flag and Its Streamers was originally prepared in August 1964 by the Office of the Chief of Military History, with the Office of the Chief of Information, and the U.S. Army Exhibit Unit, to provide general summaries of each of the campaigns. The 175 streamers attached to the Army Flag staff denote campaigns fought by the Army throughout our nation’s history. A Brief History of Army Campaigns

9 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Revolutionary War Lexington, Massachusetts, April 19, 1775

10 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Revolutionary War Yorktown, 14 October 1781

11 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The War of 1812 ( ) Battle Of New Orleans, 1815

12 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Mexican War Churubusco, Mexico

13 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Civil War, First at Vicksburg

14 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Indian Wars, Cavalry Trooper

15 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army War with Spain, 1898 Gatlings to the Assault

16 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army China Relief Expedition 1900 “I’ll Try Sir!”

17 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Philippine Insurrection, Knocking Out the Moros

18 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Mexican Expedition, On the Border

19 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army World War I, Hellfighters Let’s Go!

20 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army WW II, Asiatic-Pacific Theater, Dec Sep. 1945

21 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army WW II, European-African-Middle Eastern Theater, June 1942-May 1945

22 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Korean War, June 1950-July 1953 Breakthrough at Chipyong-ni

23 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Vietnam, Mar Jan. 1973

24 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Armed Forces Expeditions Dominican Republic, April 1965-September 1966 Grenada, October-November 1983 Panama, December 1989-January 1990

25 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Southwest Asia,

26 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Southwest Asia,

27 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Kosovo, March-June 1999

28 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army The Global War on Terrorism

29 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army Birthday  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

30 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Department of the Army Emblem Background: Prior to the establishment of the Department of the Army Emblem, there was no official display item to identify the Army. The Army seal traditionally had been used to authenticate documents only and was not authorized for display. In recognizing the need to provide a display item, The Secretary of the Army approved the design as the official emblem to represent the Army on 29 January 1974.

31 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army DA Emblem continued… Symbolism: The symbolism for the elements of the Army emblem is the same as for the Army seal with the above deviations and additions: The colors of the design elements are those traditionally associated with the ideals of the U.S. and of the Army. The flags are in proper colors. Blue symbolizes loyalty, vigilance, perseverance & truth. Red denotes courage, zeal and fortitude. White alludes to deeds worth of remembrance. Black is indicative of determination and constancy. Gold represents achievement, dignity and honor.

32 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army Birthday  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

33 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army U.S. Army Beret Flash Description: The Army flash is based on the National colors, white stars on a blue field, which were carried by the Continental Army through the Revolutionary War and present at the victory of Yorktown. According to historical references, the flags used by the Continental Army were "blue." The field flag of the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army was light blue with thirteen stars. Other flags of the same time period were dark blues with thirteen stars.

34 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army U.S. Army Beret Flash continued… Symbolism: The blue background is symbolic of the union of the United States flag and the thirteen stars represent the original colonies. Background: The beret flash was approved on 20 Nov 2000.

35 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army Birthday  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

36 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army “The Army Goes Rolling Along” Official Song Of The U.S. Army The song was written by field artillery First Lieutenant [later Brigadier General] Edmund L. Gruber, while stationed in the Philippines in 1908 as the "Caisson Song." The original lyrics reflect routine activities in a horse-drawn field artillery battery. The song was transformed into a march by John Philip Sousa in 1917 and renamed "The Field Artillery Song.” It was adopted in 1952 as the official song of the Army and re-titled, "The Army Goes Rolling Along." The "Army Goes Rolling Along" is played at the conclusion of every U.S. Army ceremony and all soldiers are expected to stand and sing.

37 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army “The Army Goes Rolling Along” Official Song Of The U.S. Army Intro: March along, sing our song, with the Army of the free Count the brave, count the true, who have fought to victory We’re the Army and proud of our name We’re the Army and proudly proclaim Verse: First to fight for the right, And to build the Nation’s might, And The Army Goes Rolling Along Proud of all we have done, Fighting till the battle’s won, And the Army Goes Rolling Along. Refrain: Then it’s Hi! Hi! Hey! The Army’s on its way. Count off the cadence loud and strong (TWO! THREE!) For where e’er we go, You will always know That The Army Goes Rolling Along. cont…

38 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army “The Army Goes Rolling Along” Official Song Of The U.S. Army Cont… Verse: Valley Forge, Custer’s ranks, San Juan Hill and Patton’s tanks, And the Army went rolling along Minute men, from the start, Always fighting from the heart, And the Army keeps rolling along. (refrain) Verse: Men in rags, men who froze, Still that Army met its foes, And the Army went rolling along. Faith in God, then we’re right, And we’ll fight with all our might, As the Army keeps rolling along. (refrain) Click to play:

39 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army Birthday  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

40 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Army Values Loyalty Duty Respect Self-less Service Honor Integrity Personal Courage

41 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army  The Army Birthday  A Brief History of Campaigns  Department of the Army Emblem  The U.S. Army Beret Flash  The Army Song  The Army Values  Soldiers Creed

42 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army I am an American Soldier. I am a Warrior and a member of a team. I serve the people of the United States and live the Army Values. I will always place the mission first. I will never accept defeat. I will never quit. I will never leave a fallen comrade. I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills. I always maintain my arms, my equipment and myself. I am an expert and I am a professional. I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy the enemies of the United States of America in close combat. I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life. I am an American Soldier. Soldier’s Creed

43 An Introduction to the History and Heritage of the United States Army Questions?


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